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There’s no denying that support for same-sex marriage has grown in New Jersey during the past few years.
Polls done on the issue show that support for it has climbed above 50 percent and is nearing a two-thirds majority, according to recent results released by a handful of major polling organizations.
The consenus is so strong, according to Senate President Steve Sweeney (D-Gloucester), that New Jersey may be headed toward a number indicating support from three-quarters of state residents.
"Seventy percent of the people in the state of New Jersey want marriage equality," Sweeney said during an interview earlier this month on NJTV’s ‘On The Record with Michael Aron.’ Sweeney, who abstained when a same-sex marriage bill came before the Legislature three years ago, now supports it.
The 70 percent figure would be the highest level of support for same-sex marriage ever polled in New Jersey – if it were true. But it’s not.
Let’s begin by reviewing polls done in New Jersey on same-sex marriage.
Back in April, the Rutgers-Eagleton poll asked 819 registered voters if they would vote for legalizing same-sex marriage if the question appeared on a ballot. Of those who answered, 62 percent said yes, 30 percent said no and 8 percent were undecided, said David Redlawsk, director of the Rutgers-Eagleton Polling Institute and a political science professor at Rutgers University.
The poll had a margin of error of +/- 3.7 percent.
We then checked with the Quinnipiac Polling Institute, which had a slightly higher approval rating for this question asked in March: Would you support or oppose a law that would allow same-sex couples to get married?
The poll found 64 percent of registered voters in favor, the highest level Quinnipiac has seen in response to that exact question since 2006, when support was at 41 percent. Thirty percent were opposed.
The same poll found that 72 percent of New Jerseyans say it’s a good idea to decide the same-sex marriage issue by referendum on the November ballot.
Let’s be clear: Sweeney’s claim of 70 percent support only rings true when voters are asked if same-sex marriage should go on the ballot. Favorability for same-sex marriage is closer to 60 percent when voters are asked if they would support laws allowing it.
Quinnipiac’s poll surveyed 1,129 registered voters and had a margin of error of +/-2.9 percent.
The Monmouth University Poll also has polled on this topic and seen numbers near 60 percent that support same-sex marriage, with favorability increasing each year.
"There has been a significant uptick in the last year or two," said Patrick Murray, director of the Monmouth University Poll. "We’re at the point now where we’re at a solid majority."
Murray cited a number of reasons for the increase, including President Barack Obama publicly stating his support in May 2012 for same-sex marriage.
"It was naturally going in that direction," Murray said. "When the president made his statement it kind of cemented that. We saw an immediate uptick in African-American support."
But even as that support grows, neither Redlawsk nor Murray said they’ve seen approval numbers hitting the 70 percent mark claimed by Sweeney. Quinnipiac also hasn’t seen support that high.
We also looked at other polls to gauge national support and those numbers didn’t approach 70 percent, either.
A May Gallup poll found that 53 percent of Americans said the law should recognize same-sex marriage, marking the third time Gallup has measured a reading above 50 percent on the issue. The poll surveyed 1,535 adults nationwide and had a margin of error of +/- 3 percent.
The poll asked: Do you think marriages between same-sex couples should or should not be recognized by the law as valid, with the same rights as traditional marriages?
An October Pew Research Center poll, done two weeks before the November 2012 general election, found different regions of the country had widely disparate attitudes on same-sex marriage.
Mid-Atlantic states (Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania and Washington, DC) favored same-sex marriage 57 percent to 34 percent, the poll showed. New England states had the highest level of support, at 62 percent.
Chris Donnelly, a spokesman for New Jersey Senate Democrats who responded to our initial request for comment from Sweeney, did not answer our question about the source of Sweeney’s number.
Sweeney said during a recent TV interview, "Seventy percent of the people in the state of New Jersey want marriage equality."
It’s clear that support for same-sex marriage is growing, but it’s not at the level mentioned by Sweeney. A number of polls on the topic cite support ranging from just below 60 percent to a high of 64 percent, and two New Jersey polling directors say they have never seen support levels for same-sex marriage hit 70 percent. National polls also indicate lower support levels.
We rate the claim False.
To comment on this story, go to NJ.com.
NJTV.com, On The Record with Michael Aron, interview with New Jersey Senate President Steve Sweeney, June 1, 2013, accessed June 10, 2013
Phone interview with Chris Donnelly, spokesman, New Jersey Senate Democrats, June 11, 2013
PolitiFact New Jersey, Gay marriage supported by majority of Americans and majority of New Jersey residents, assemblyman says, Jan. 12, 2012, accessed June 11, 2013
Phone interview with David Redlawsk, director, Rutgers-Eagleton Poll and political science professor, Rutgers University Eagleton Institute of Politics, June 12, 2013
Phone interview with Patrick Murray, director, Monmouth University Poll, June 12, 2013
Phone interview with Maurice Carroll, director, Quinnipiac University Polling Institute, June 12, 2013
Phone interview with April Radocchio, associate director, Quinnipiac University Poll, June 12, 2013
Quinnipiac University Polling Institute website, New Jersey Voters Want Christie For Gov, Less For Pres, Quinnipiac University Poll Finds; Girth And Gender Are Tiny Issues In Governor’s Race, March 26, 2013, accessed June 12, 2013
Monmouth University Polling Institute website, accessed June 12, 2013
Rutgers, Eagleton Center for Public Interest Polling website, accessed June 12, 2013
Pew Research Center for the People & the Press website, Behind Gay Marriage Momentum, Regional Gaps Persist, Nov. 9, 2012, accessed June 14, 2013
Gallup website, Same-Sex Marriage Support Solidifies Above 50% in U.S., May 13, 2013, accessed June 14, 2013
NJ.com, N.J. politics holding back same-sex marriage, expert says, May 16, 2013, accessed June 14, 2013
GPhilly.com, New Jersey Breaks Records In New Poll About Gay-Marriage Support, April 16, 2013, accessed June 14, 2013
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