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Becky Bowers
By Becky Bowers May 6, 2013

Bloggers say Pentagon may court-martial Christian soldiers

No more military chaplains? Soldiers court-martialed for their Christian faith?

PolitiFact readers wanted to know if headlines across websites such as and last week were true.

"Pentagon May Court Martial Soldiers Who Share Christian Faith," said, claiming that "the Pentagon has released a statement confirming that soldiers could be prosecuted."

It could "effectively abolish the position of chaplain in the military," the post said.

"Pentagon Confirms They May Court Martial Soldiers Who Hold Christian Faith," said, explaining that "the Pentagon has released an official statement affirming that it will court martial 'proselytization.’"

So, did the Pentagon confirm it might "court-martial soldiers who hold Christian faith"?

Welcome to the latest battle for soldiers’ hearts and minds.

Pentagon meeting

The recent hubbub has roots in the early 2000s, when a man named Mikey Weinstein watched his sons follow in his footsteps at the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs.

The Jewish students both faced Christian proselytizing, the family says, and in some cases, anti-Semitic slurs.

An Air Force task force investigated accusations that the academy created a discriminatory climate, after a 2004 survey showed cadets complained that evangelical Christians had pressured Jews and other Christians. It found a need for policy guidance for commanders and supervisors regarding religious expression, not just at the academy, but across the Air Force.

In 2005, Weinstein — a former Air Force attorney who worked in President Ronald Reagan's administration — unsuccessfully sued the Air Force for failing to prevent proselytizing. In 2006, he turned his attention full-time to his nonprofit Military Religious Freedom Foundation, saying he was fighting off "far-right militant radical evangelical religious fundamentalists."

(He also writes about "fundamentalist Christian monsters" who unite around "horrific hatred and blinding bigotry," which doesn’t exactly endear him to groups he targets, such as the Family Research Council.)

Fast-forward to a Washington Post blog in late April. Sally Quinn, who writes about religion for the Washington Post's On Faith blog, spoke with Weinstein and others on their way to meet with "several generals and a military chaplain."

Weinstein had asked for months for the April 23 sit-down, which included his board members Larry Wilkerson, a former chief of staff to Colin Powell, and Joe Wilson, a former ambassador. The three planned to exhort the military to punish proselytizing.

They pointed Quinn to examples such as a chaplain telling troops — including Afghan soldiers — to "get right with Jesus," Marine officers changing the name of their attack squadron to the "Crusaders" (Weinstein’s group got them to change it back) and a military contractor putting references to the New Testament on gun sights (again, Weinstein fought to have them removed).

"It’s a workplace violation," Wilson said. "This is a national security threat," Weinstein said.

Weinstein also got an officer to remove an atheist bumper sticker from his car because it bothered an evangelical Christian.

But, the men argued, the military itself needed to do more to protect troops who feel their religious freedom is undermined.

Quinn quoted Wilson: "You need half a dozen court-martials real quick."

Quinn’s post, published Friday, April 26, caught the attention of Fox News Radio commentator Todd Starnes.

Monday, April 29, he asked the Pentagon: Is there a plan to court-martial chaplains who proselytize?

Here’s what the Defense Department spokesman Nate Christensen told him:

"The Department of Defense places a high value on the rights of members of the Military Services to observe the tenets of their respective religions and respects (and supports by its policy) the rights of others to their own religious beliefs, including the right to hold no beliefs. The Department does not endorse any one religion or religious organization, and provides free access of religion for all members of the military services.

"Court martials and non-judicial punishment are decided on case-by-case basis and it would be inappropriate to speculate on the outcome in specific cases.

"However, religious proselytization is not permitted within the Department of Defense."

Starnes wrote:

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The Pentagon confirmed to Fox News that Christian evangelism is against regulations.

"Religious proselytization is not permitted within the Department of Defense, LCDR Nate Christensen said in a written statement. He declined to say if any chaplains or service members had been prosecuted for such an offense.

"Court martials and non-judicial punishments are decided on a case-by-case basis and it would be inappropriate to speculate on the outcome in specific cases," he said.

The Internet took over from there.

Weinstein had been "hired by the Pentagon" to "help shape policy on … religious tolerance," said Investor’s Business Daily. (Not true.) President Barack Obama’s Defense Department was "promising to bring criminal charges against any military personnel who express or share their faith," said a PA Pundits blogger. (Also not true.)

And an anonymous blogger at, citing, declared, "Pentagon Confirms They May Court Martial Soldiers Who Hold Christian Faith."

PolitiFact reached out to Nate Christensen at the Defense Department, who said his statement "was grossly taken out of context."

On May 2, he clarified:

"Service members can share their faith (evangelize), but must not force unwanted, intrusive attempts to convert others of any faith or no faith to one's beliefs (proselytization).

"If a service member harasses another member on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, national origin, age, or disability, then the commander takes action based on the gravity of the occurrence. Likewise, when religious harassment complaints are reported, commanders take action based on the gravity of the occurrence on a case by case basis.

"... We work to ensure that all service members are free to exercise their Constitutional right to practice their religion in a manner that is respectful of other individuals' rights to follow their own belief systems; and in ways that are conducive to good order and discipline; and that do not detract from accomplishing the military mission."

Weinstein, he said, wasn’t part of any Defense Department advisory group or committee, nor was he a consultant on religious issues.

‘There’s a line there’

The military has grappled for years with how to balance the rights of people exercising different religious beliefs, or no beliefs.

Weinstein’s group had urged the Pentagon to enforce a recent Air Force policy on "government neutrality regarding religion."

He wants to see courts-martial under the Uniform Military Code of Justice’s Article 92, "Failure to Obey Order or Regulation," for those who don’t follow orders not to proselytize.

Rules in place since last year say that Air Force leaders "must avoid the actual or apparent use of their position to promote their personal religious beliefs to their subordinates or to extend preferential treatment for any religion." Meanwhile, "all airmen are able to choose to practice their particular religion, or subscribe to no religious belief at all. You should confidently practice your own beliefs while respecting others whose viewpoints differ from your own."

Rules for military chaplains already reflect this tightrope act. They’re affiliated with outside religious organizations, but must support troops of all faiths.

"They're very careful about how they offer advice," said Lori Bogle, an associate history professor at the U.S. Naval Academy who writes about religion and the military. "They are more like counselors. And if a person expresses a religious interest, they might go there."

That’s been the general policy as long as she knows — even back to the 1940s. But in times of "stress," the military has briefly embraced evangelism, such as during the early Cold War, when "character guidance" programs and seminars took on an overtly Christian cast in response to an atheist enemy. But that stopped by the mid 1960s, she said.

So, it’s not necessarily new or surprising the Pentagon would say proselytizing isn’t permitted.

But groups such as the Family Research Council argue the policy outlined by the Defense Department spokesman last week is "incoherent," asking how the military will distinguish between "evangelizing" and "proselytizing." It has launched a petition to urge the defense secretary from censoring "the full solace of the gospel." Meanwhile, a Coast Guard rear admiral, William Lee, spoke last week of his discomfort with current rules — he wants to be able to hand Bibles to suicidal servicemen.

Ken Klukowski, director of the Center for Religious Liberty at the Family Research Council, says millions of Christians, including "evangelicals, devout Catholics and observant Mormons," believe they are required by the New Testament to share their faith with others.

"This is to be done respectfully and peacefully, at appropriate times and in an appropriate manner, but it must be done when such opportunities present themselves," he wrote. "To say that sharing the gospel is a crime under military law … is to say that tens of millions of Americans are not allowed to serve in our military."

So, to some, to "hold Christian faith" is synonymous with promoting that faith to co-workers and subordinates. Under that interpretation, they could theoretically face court-martial if others found their attempts intrusive or harassing.

But so far, Weinstein’s urging hasn’t resulted in such a court-martial.

Our ruling

Recent headlines and articles offered versions of the claim that the "Pentagon confirms they may court-martial soldiers who hold Christian faith."

Instead, a Defense Department spokesman had explained that proselytizing — "unwanted, intrusive attempts to convert others" — wasn’t permitted and that punishment for breaking military rules is decided "case by case."

Conservative religious groups argue this means "sharing the gospel" would become a crime. But no policy we saw suggests that the Pentagon would court-martial soldiers "who hold Christian faith." Quite the opposite — much of the language from the Defense Department reinforces the right of military members to practice their religion, as long as it’s in a way that respects others’ belief systems. Chaplains already follow such rules.

Still, there’s a sliver of truth — if you believe your Christian faith compels you to try to convert others in a way people find harassing, it’s possible you could face court-martial, though such a thing has yet to happen.

We rate the claim Mostly False.

Our Sources

Interview with Michael "Mikey" Weinstein, founder and president, Military Religious Freedom Foundation, May 3, 2013

Email interview with Nate Christensen, spokesperson, Department of Defense, May 2, 2013

Interview with Lori Bogle, associate professor of history, U.S. Naval Academy, May 2, 2013

Interview with Dena Sher, legislative counsel, American Civil Liberties Union, May 6, 2013

Mr. Conservative, "Pentagon Confirms They May Court Martial Soldiers Who Hold Christian Faith," May 2013

Mr. Conservative, "Pentagon Hires Radical Christian Hater To Head 'Tolerance' In The Military," April 2013

Save America Foundation, "TYRANNY ALERT! Pentagon Confirms May Court Martial Soldiers Who Share Christian Faith .. by Ken Klukowski, (Breitbart)," May 1, 2013

The Tennessean, "Pentagon ban raises specter of court martial for soldiers sharing faith," May 1, 2013

Investor's Business Daily, "Military Scours Ranks For Christian 'Haters,'" May 1, 2013

PA Pundits — International, "Obama to DoD: Courts Martial for the Faithful," May 2, 2013

Washington Post's On Faith, "U.S. military should put religious freedom at the front," April 26, 2013

Washington Post's Guest Voices, "In defense of religious freedom," April 18, 2012

Huffington Post's The Blog, "Fundamentalist Christian Monsters: Papa's Got A Brand New Bag," April 16, 2013

Fox News Radio, "Pentagon: Religious Proselytizing is Not Permitted," April 30, 2013

Fox News Radio, "Rear Admiral Says Religious Liberty Under Threat in Military," May 3, 2013

Christian Post Opinion, "Religious Groups Fear Christian Purge From Military," May 1, 2013, "PENTAGON MAY COURT MARTIAL SOLDIERS WHO SHARE CHRISTIAN FAITH," May 1, 2013, "PENTAGON TAPS ANTI-CHRISTIAN EXTREMIST FOR RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE POLICY," April 28, 2013

Newsmax, "Concern Grows Over Group’s Move to Silence Religious Freedom in the Military," May 2, 2013

Deseret News, "Rhetoric heats up in debate over proselytizing in the military," May 1, 2013

Family Research Council, "Urge Pentagon to scrub plan to court-martial Christians," April 29, 2013

Family Research Council, "Pentagon Defends Unconstitutional Policy Against Soldiers Sharing Faith," May 3, 2013

Family Research Council, "In Storm, Admiral's Faith Firmly Anchored," May 3, 2013

Catholic Online, "Christian soldiers no more - Is Obama the new Nero?" May 2, 2013

American Forces Press Service, "DOD Counters Internet Posts on Religion Issue," May 3, 2013

USA Today, "Pentagon: No crackdown on Christians for expressing faith," May 2, 2013

Christianity Today, Gleanings, "No Ban on Military Evangelism, Despite Conservative Fears," May 2, 2013

The Tennessean, "Military says no court martials for sharing faith," May 2, 2013

Air Force Times, "Schwartz: Don't endorse religious programs," Sept. 16, 2011

Air Force Times, "Air Force yanks nuclear ethics course," Aug. 4, 2011

Military Religious Freedom Foundation, "SHOCKING VIDEO: MRFF Reveals U.S. Military Being Used as Government-Paid Missionaries," June 19, 2012

Military Religious Freedom Foundation, "Religious Freedom & the Military: An Ongoing History," accessed May 2, 2013

Washington Post, "Air Force to Probe Religious Climate at Colorado Academy," May 4, 2005

New York Times, "Air Force Chaplain Tells of Academy Proselytizing," May 12, 2005

The Pluralism Project at Harvard University, "AIR FORCE ACADEMY ADDRESSES "CHALLENGES TO PLURALISM," accessed May 6, 2013

Department of Defense, "Accommodation of Religious Practices Within the Military Services," Feb. 10, 2009

Department of Defense, "Appointment of Chaplains for the Military Departments," June 11, 2009

Department of Defense, "Guidance for the Appointment of Chaplains for the Military Departments," June 11, 2004

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