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Providence is known for a lot of great things. One thing it doesn't want to be known for is the gun violence that regularly makes headlines.
On Monday, July 14, 2014, the NAACP tried to rally support for a five-point program to deal with street crime, including providing more job opportunities in low-income communities. That was a week after five people were injured in a July 8 drive-by shooting.
In anticipation of that news conference, Providence Mayor Angel Taveras, a Democrat currently running for governor, said there have been signs of hope dealing with the problem.
"If you look at what we’ve done over the last several years, the crime rate has actually gone down in the city, and in terms of violence as well, we know the number of shootings has been going down year from year," he told The Providence Journal.
"Several" is a vague word. But because he prefaced his statement by saying, "If you look at what we've done," we'll assume he's referring to his tenure as mayor, which began in January 2011.
We contacted Taveras' office and spokesman David Ortiz provided data from the Providence police.
We should note that the crime rate in the United States -- both violent crimes and property crimes -- has been declining steadily for at least the last 20 years, according to the FBI, so any reduction would not be unique to Providence.
We've looked at Providence crime rates before. On December 30, Brett Smiley, now a Democratic candidate for mayor, earned a Mostly True when he said, "Of all cities in the United States with more than 100,000 people, Providence is the 183rd safest."
Prior to that, on July 19, 2010, we gave former mayor David Cicilline a True for his statement that Providence had "the lowest crime rate in three decades." We found that, at the time, for 2009 the crime rate was the lowest in 44 years.
Has the crime rate and the number of shootings gone down in recent years, as Taveras claims?
To determine the crime rate, we used U.S. Census Bureau data for Providence combined with an updated count of crime incidents from the Providence police, as reported to the Rhode Island State Police and the FBI, from 2000 through 2013. (We spot-checked the data with reports on the FBI website.)
The rates for total crimes -- including both violent crime and property crime -- have bounced around a bit from year to year but the trend is down.
The rate was 52.4 incidents per 1,000 population in 2009 -- the year we used for the Cicilline fact check. It ticked up to 53.7 in 2010, and rose to 54.3 in 2011, which marked Taveras' first year in office. It dropped to 51.9 the following year and was 51.7 in 2013. Based on our research for this item and our Cicilline fact check, that 2013 rate was the lowest in 48 years.
A reduction in property crimes -- burglary, larceny and motor vehicle theft was responsible for most of the reduction. Such crimes make up roughly seven out of every eight crimes committed in the capital city.
The 2013 violent crime rate was 6.7 per 1,000, the lowest since 2007.
And what about the number of shootings?
Because car backfires and fireworks might sound like a gunshot, the Police Department does not track reports of shootings, according to the city's public safety commissioner, Steven Pare.
Taveras' spokesman, Ortiz, said that "When the mayor spoke of shootings, he was referencing the reports he gets regarding shooting victims. The mayor does not get reports regarding shots fired, and that is not at all what he meant."
So we got data on shooting victims from Providence police.
In 2011, Taveras' first year in office, the number of shooting victims jumped sharply to 108. That's 18 more than in 2010. The number had been rising steadily -- there were 47 shooting victims in 2006, the first year of the statistics provided by Ortiz.
But in 2012, the number declined to 105, then to 100 in 2013.
And as of July 12, the day Taveras made his statement, there were 61 shooting victims so far this year, the exact same number as of July 12, 2013.
We will note for the record that crime rates are down nationally and Providence's rate had been declining long before Taveras took office.
Angel Taveras said, "Over the last several years, the crime rate has actually gone down in the city and . . . the number of shootings has been going down."
While the overall rate ticked up the year before Taveras took office and during the first year of his tenure, it has declined by a few percentage points in the last two years, reflecting the long-term trend.
Similarly, the number of shooting victims made a significant jump the first year Taveras was in office. The number has fallen since then, but in 2013, it was still 10 higher than the year before he became mayor.
The count as of July 12 -- the date of Taveras' statement -- was not lower than the same time last year; it was identical.
All things considered, the statement is partially accurate but leaves out important details or takes things out of context. We rate it Half True.
ProvidenceJournal.com, "NAACP seeks special summit to address gun violence in Providence," July 12, 2014, "Crime rate in Providence remains steady in 2013, with smallest police force in 18 years," Dec. 31, 2013; "NAACP brings plan to end street crime in Providence to court steps," July 14, 2014 and "At Chad Brown housing complex, a cookout and a stand against violence," both July 13, 2014
PolitiFact.com, "Mayoral candidate Brett Smiley says Providence is 183rd safest of U.S. cities with more than 100,000 people," Dec. 30, 2013, "Cicilline says Providence's crime rate is the lowest in 30 years," July 19, 2010, and "More on Providence crime statistics," undated, accessed July 16, 2014
Census.gov, "State and County Quick Facts - Providence (city), Rhode Island," "City and Town Intercensual Estimates (2000-2010)," and "Population Estimates - City and Town Totals: Vintage 2013," accessed July 18-22, 2014
Emails and interview, David Ortiz, spokesman, Providence mayor Angel Taveras, "City of Providence - Providence Police Department: Providence Shooting Victims," "Part 1 Crimes as reported by the RISP/FBI," and "Weekly Crime Comparison Report, Through 7/13/2014, Week 28," July 15-22, 2014
Interview, Steven Pare, Providence public safety commissioner, July 22, 2014
FBI.gov, "Crime in the United States," various years. Located by opening the "Stats & Services" tab, selecting "Crime Statistics/UCR," then "Uniform Crime Reports" by year, accessed July 17, 2014. Also "Crime in the United States by Volume and Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants, 1993-2012," accessed July 18, 2014.
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