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The United States is officially overcome with World Cup fever, and its inhabitants are showing support for the red, white and blue in many ways. Of course, for congressmen and women it means backing America with their thumbs by tweeting pro-U.S.A. rally cries to their followers and constituents.
While the quadrennial event has generally united Democrats and Republicans, not all the social media cheering was free of politics. After the United States’ thrilling 2-1 victory on June 16, 2014, over Ghana, House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi made an immigration reform push by invoking the U.S. Men’s National Team.
She tweeted: "Immigrants help drive America's success, even in the World Cup! Look at what #USMNT would be without them. #TimeIsNow." By Thursday evening, it had been retweeted and favorited almost 1,000 times.
The below picture was included:
As you can see, the graphic shows 11 U.S. players with minuses next to their pictures and names. Pelosi’s tweet reads that those 11 players are immigrants who would likely not be on the roster if they weren’t allowed in the country.
Much has been made about the number of United States players who have dual citizenships, but is the U.S. World Cup team powered by immigrants?
We went through the roster and researched the backgrounds of the 11 players highlighted in the graphic.
Six of the players were actually born in America. So even though they may have parents who are from other countries, they are very much considered citizens, not immigrants.
Jozy Altidore: Born in Livingston, N.J., to two Haitian-born parents.
Alejandro Bedoya: Born in Englewood, N.J., to two Colombian-born parents
Julian Green: Born in Tampa, Fla., to an American serviceman father and a German mother; moved to Germany with his mother as a young child.
Tim Howard: Born in New Brunswick, N.J., to an African-American father and his Hungarian mother.
Aron Johannsson: Born in Mobile, Ala., to Icelandic parents.
Omar Gonzalez: Born in Dallas, Texas, to Mexican parents.
The other five were not born in the United States but have at least one parent who is an American. (In four of the cases, their fathers were in the United States military serving abroad.) That entitles them to all to U.S. citizenship, meaning they did not have to go through the immigration process noncitizens do.
John Brooks: Born in Berlin, Germany, to an American serviceman father and a German mother.
Timmy Chandler: Born in Frankfurt, Germany, to an American serviceman father and a German mother.
Mix Diskerud: Born in Oslo, Norway, to a Norwegian father and an American mother.
Fabian Johnson: Born in Munich, Germany, to an American serviceman father a German-born mother who had an American father.
Jermaine Jones: Born in Frankfurt, Germany, to an American serviceman father and German mother.
So not only are none of these 11 individuals considered immigrants by the United States, they're all actually natural born citizens.
The story noted that a number of far-right nationalist parties with anti-foreigner sentiments seem to be on the rise in Europe. Some countries are also considering anti-immigration legislation that would put stricter quotas on new inhabitants.
Therefore, the author wanted to imagine what these teams would look like without immigrants. To do this, he singled out players with at least one foreign-born parent. As Vox’s Dara Lind points out, "That might make sense for other countries, where parentage is more important to citizenship. But it doesn't make any sense for the U.S., where nearly everyone has some sort of immigrant heritage, and where everyone born on U.S. soil is a citizen from birth." Basically, in some countries, it doesn’t matter if you were born there; citizenship is more closely tied to lineage. That’s not the case in America, one of a small number of countries that grants citizenship at birth.
We took all of this to Pelosi’s office. Spokesman Drew Hammill said they weren’t claiming these players were immigrants, rather, "We’re merely echoing the point made by the creators of the graphic about the contributions of these sons of immigrants."
But not even all of the foreign-born parents are actually immigrants. Timmy Chandler, for example, stayed in Germany with his German mother after he was born.
So by no definition is the United States represented by immigrants at the World Cup in Brazil. That’s not to say immigrants or immigration aren’t important to the makeup and heritage of the team. The United States is a country built on immigrants, and every player on the team can trace back at least half their lineage to another country (there is one half Native American on the team, forward Chris Wondolowski).
But that’s not the message Pelosi was trying to give with her tweet. If it was, you could have whited out the entire team.
In a tweet pushing immigration reform, Pelosi posted a picture of the U.S. Men’s National Team missing 11 of its players and tweeted "Immigrants help drive America's success, even in the World Cup! Look at what #USMNT would be without them." In this instance "them" means immigrants. But none of those 11 players are immigrants. Some aren’t even the children of immigrants.
We rate the statement False.
Tweet from Nancy Pelosi, June 17, 2014
Email interview with Drew Hammill, spokesman for Pelosi, June 18-19, 2014
Chicago Sun-Times, "Seven members of U.S. World Cup roster have dual citizenship," June 10, 2014
U.S. Office of Homeland Security, Definition of Terms, accessed June 19, 2014
USA Today, "Altidore gets his message across this time," June 24, 2009
MLS Soccer, "USMNT midfielder Bedoya to play against his roots," Oct. 12, 2010
CNN, "Here's what you need to know about America's new soccer hero John Brooks," June 17, 2014
Yanks Abroad, "Chandler Emerging at FC Nuremberg," January 26, 2011
U.S. National Soccer Players, "Timmy Chandler," accessed June 19, 2014
USA Today, "Omar Gonzalez represents 'new America' on national team," April 1, 2014
Tampa Bay Times, "Tampa teen is a rising soccer player with Bayern Munich Youth Academy," June 30, 2012
Sports Illustrated, "Bayern's Julian Green stays even keel, patient with international choice," January 21, 2014
Sports Illustrated, "A Keeper of Promises," Aug. 11, 2003
Yahoo! News, "FIFA approves Johannsson's one-time switch to USA," Aug. 13, 2013
New Republic, "Before Jurgen Klinsmann Found Aron Johannsson In Iceland, Johannsson Found His Game in Florida," June 15, 2014
Soccer America, "Father's advice pays off for Fabian Johnson," May 22, 2014
Fox Soccer, "Is Jermaine Jones misunderstood?" May 21, 2014
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