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Rick Perry
stated on June 17, 2014 in an interview on Fox & Friends:
Says of flood of non-Mexicans being apprehended at the border: "These are people that are coming from states like Syria that have substantial connections back to terrorist regimes and terrorist operations."
true pants-fire
By W. Gardner Selby June 22, 2014

Perry airs unsupported claim about non-Mexicans apprehended at border hailing from terrorist states

On the "Fox & Friends" program, Gov. Rick Perry bemoaned record-high apprehensions of individuals not from Mexico near the nation’s southern border. Perry then said: "These are people that are coming from states like Syria that have substantial connections back to terrorist regimes and terrorist operations."

After Perry spoke, we confirmed the U.S. Border Patrol is setting at least a 17-year record for apprehensions near the border of individuals not from Mexico, rating that part of Perry’s statement True.

On June 18, 2014, Perry and other state leaders ordered a surge in state spending on border security in the wake of an uptick in unaccompanied minors, many from Central America, crossing the Rio Grande.

Is Perry also right that all these apprehended immigrants not from Mexico hail from countries with substantial ties to terrorist regimes and operations?

In 2011, we rated as Half True a softer statement by U.S. Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, that in the first 19 months of Barack Obama’s presidency, the U.S. detained people from nations designated as state sponsors of terrorism on the southwestern border.

While nearly everyone detained near the border was a Mexican national, Cornyn showed that in the cited period, there were 153 apprehensions of Cubans, 17 of Iranians, seven of Sudanese and two of Syrians. That fact check noted, too, that while an "apprehension" is an arrest for being in the United States illegally,  the number of people actually detained will be smaller because some individuals are arrested more than once.

When we sought backup for Perry’s 2014 statement, state officials offered no figures. After Perry spokeswoman Lucy Nashed said by email Perry drew on information from the Texas Department of Public Safety, DPS spokesman Tom Vinger replied to us by email: "On a regular basis, undocumented immigrants from countries with ties to or which sponsor terrorism are being apprehended by Border Patrol." He later named Syria, Somalia, Pakistan, Yemen and Afghanistan as such countries, adding that the department had no further response.

Terrorist states, safe havens

Next, we sought afresh to define a terrorist state, spotting online a U.S. State Department list of four nations "determined to have repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism." They are Cuba, Iran, Sudan and Syria.

Another agency web page lists about a dozen countries, as of 2013, considered "terrorist safe havens," which "include ungoverned, under-governed, or ill-governed physical areas where terrorists are able to organize, plan, raise funds, communicate, recruit, train, transit, and operate in relative security because of inadequate governance capacity, political will, or both." These included Somalia, Mali, Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Colombia and Venezuela.

Countries of origin

And how many of the individuals stopped after crossing the border are coming from those countries? We were unable to come up with up-to-date data.

By telephone, Dennis Smith, a Del Rio spokesman for the Border Patrol, guided us to a chart in the agency’s "2012 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics" indicating dozens of countries of origin for more than 643,000  individuals apprehended in the 12 months through September 2012. We set aside the 448,697 individuals from Mexico, finding that about 7,800 of the apprehended individuals -- 4 percent of the non-Mexican detainees -- hailed either from the U.S.-designated terrorist states or 10 "safe haven" countries. Some specifics: Cuba, 4,041 detainees; Iran, 276 individuals; Sudan, 220 individuals; and Syria, 56 individuals.

Border Patrol officials didn't offer more recent information. But when we reached out to Megan Mitchell, a Cornyn aide, she emailed us a chart she attributed to a House committee showing countries of origin for the Border Patrol’s 153,055 OTM apprehensions in the 12 months through September 2013. According to the chart, 577, or 0.4 percent of such apprehensions, involved people from the government’s identified terrorist states or safe havens with Colombia accounting for the biggest single share, 457. From Iran, the chart showed, there were 7 apprehensions; from Cuba, 4; from Syria, 2; and from Sudan, 1.

Countries with most immigrants removed from U.S.

Analyst Jessica Vaughan of the Center for Immigration Studies, a think tank that seeks to reduce immigration, helped us see another way to probe this topic by turning to Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the agency within Homeland Security responsible for deporting people not legally authorized to be in the United States. ICE published a report and chart in December 2013 showing no countries outside the Western Hemisphere ranked among the top 10 countries of origin for immigrants returned to home countries by the U.S. government in the 12 months that ran through September of that year. Alone among them, Colombia is one of the U.S.-designated terrorist havens.

In the period, the agency said, "Mexico continued to be the leading country of origin for those removed" from the United States, "followed by Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador."

Removed Population by Citizenship*

October 2012 through September 2013









Featured Fact-check

El Salvador


Dominican Republic












Top 10 Total



*This counts individuals caught near border and beyond

Source: U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, December 2013 (accessed June 19, 2014)

According to the report, the government removed 90,461 people from countries other than Mexico who had been caught by the Border Patrol after crossing the border--a 27 percent increase from the year before. Around the country, overall, ICE removed 368,644 individuals, the report said.

Put another way, the top 10 countries--all but Mexico, the Dominican Republic and Jamaica located in Central and South America--accounted for 97 percent of the foreigners removed.

By email, Vaughan said her search of an ICE database covering 2013 yielded "a handful of cases of aliens who had been arrested by the Border Patrol who were citizens of countries linked to terrorism and had crossed the border illegally from Mexico recently.  There were 2 from Nigeria, 3 from Pakistan, 1 from Egypt, 1 from Morocco and 1 from Afghanistan," she wrote. "All were between the ages of 26 and 50."

Generally, Vaughan said, "some" border crossers detained by the Border Patrol originated in terrorist states. By phone, she said the majority of OTM apprehensions have long involved people from Central America.

Also to our inquiry, Douglas Massey, a Princeton University professor expert on immigration, questioned Perry’s claim, emailing us charts he made indicating that over the past decade, apprehensions of individuals from non-terrorist states have far outnumbered individuals from terrorist-linked nations. See Massey’s charts here.

"Apprehensions of nationals from potential terrorist nations are not increasing," Massey said.

Our ruling

Speaking of a flood of immigrants from countries other than Mexico being apprehended at the U.S-Mexico border, Perry said, "These are people that are coming from states like Syria that have substantial connections back to terrorist regimes and terrorist operations."

The latest available data show that less than 5 percent of "other than Mexican" apprehensions in the last two completed federal fiscal years involved people from U.S.-designated terrorist states or safe havens. Perry, in contrast, placed all such people being apprehended by U.S. border officials into that category, a conclusion neither the governor or the agency described as his source backed up with evidence.

We rate this claim as Pants on Fire!

PANTS ON FIRE – The statement is not accurate and makes a ridiculous claim.

Click here for more on the six PolitiFact ratings and how we select facts to check.

Our Sources

Truth-O-Meter articles, "Rick Perry correct that record number of immigrants not from Mexico are being apprehended at border," PolitiFact Texas, June 18, 2014;  "Sen. John Cornyn says U.S. arrested people from nations designated as terrorism sponsors on border with Mexico in first 19 months of Obama administration," PolitiFact Texas, April 1, 2011

News story, "Texas leaders call for state law enforcement to secure the border," Austin American-Statesman, posted online June 18, 2014

Email, Lucy Nashed, press secretary, Gov. Rick Perry, June 17, 2014

Emails, Tom Vinger, press secretary, Media and Communications Office, Texas Department of Public Safety, June 17 and 19, 2014

Web page and report, "State Sponsors of Terrorism," U.S. Secretary of State, undated; "Country Reports on Terrorism 2013," including "Terrorist Safe Havens,"  April 2014 (accessed June 19, 2014)

Telephone interview, Dennis Smith, public affairs specialist, U.S. Border Patrol, Del Rio, June 19, 2014

Report, "2012 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics," including Table 34, "ALIENS APPREHENDED BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY: FISCAL YEARS 2003 TO 2012," Office of Immigration Statistics, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, July 2013 (downloaded June 19, 2014)

Chart, "U.S. Border Patrol OTMs by Citizenship," (received by email from Megan Mitchell, communications director, U.S. Sen. John Cornyn, June 20, 2014)

Report, "FY 2013 ICE Immigration Removals," U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Enforcement and Removal Operations, Dec. 19, 2013 (accessed June 19, 2014)

Email and telephone interview, Jessica M. Vaughan, director of policy studies, Center for Immigration Studies, Franklin, Mass., June 18 and 20, 2014

Email including charts on apprehensions on U.S.-Mexico border by countries of origin, Douglas S. Massey, Henry G. Bryant Professor of Sociology and Public Affairs, Woodrow Wilson School of Public & International Affairs, Princeton University, June 19, 2014

Browse the Truth-O-Meter

More by W. Gardner Selby

Perry airs unsupported claim about non-Mexicans apprehended at border hailing from terrorist states

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