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Members of the House Select Committee on Benghazi peppered Hillary Clinton with questions for about 11 hours on Oct. 22, 2015. As expected, Clinton’s use of a private email account and server was a topic of discussion.
At one point, Rep. Lynn Westmoreland, R-Ga., pressed Clinton on whether she had told State Department officials about emails on her private server.
Westmoreland: If they were gathering emails, you had to tell them that you had a private server when you were there.
Clinton: Well, the -- the server is not the point, it's the account. And I made it a practice to send emails that were work-related to people on their government accounts. In fact, you know, Secretary Kerry is the first secretary of state to rely primarily on a government account.
This is not the first time that Clinton, her staff or her supporters have talked about how other secretaries of state have used email. Of course, the historical comparison can’t go back very far because the country hasn’t had many secretaries since the advent of email.
In fact, beyond Clinton herself -- and Kerry, who has to abide by a requirement to use departmental email -- we only have three secretaries of state to consider. They are Condoleezza Rice, Colin Powell and Madeleine Albright.
Of those, Powell is the only one who used email very much at all.
According to MSNBC, an aide for Albright said she "did not use email while she was in office" from 1997 to 2001.
Similarly, Rice, head of the State Department from 2005 to 2009, was not a habitual emailer either, according to multiple reports. As Harf noted in a State Department briefing, "Secretary Rice has repeatedly said that she did not regularly use email," and a spokesperson for Rice told ABC, "She did not use personal email for official communication as secretary."
Powell, on the other hand, took it as his personal mission to get the entire department on email.
"I arrived at the State Department as secretary with a disastrous information system there," Powell said on NBC’s Meet the Press on Sept. 6, 2015. "And I had to fix it. And so what I had to do is bring the State Department to the 21st century."
In his book It Worked for Me, Powell tells how he got Congress to pay for 44,000 new computers and put an Internet-connected machine on every desk in every embassy and every office in the department.
"To complement the official State Department computer in my office, I installed a laptop computer on a private line," Powell wrote. "My personal email account on the laptop allowed me direct access to anyone online. I started shooting emails to my principal assistants, to individual ambassadors, and increasingly to my foreign-minister colleagues who like me were trying to bring their ministries in the 186,000 miles per second world."
An aide to Powell confirmed his use of this personal email account in a statement to Politico.
"He sent emails to his staff generally via their State Department email addresses," the statement said. "These emails should be on the State Department computers."
So, Powell was on email, but it was through a private, not government email account.
Clinton said Kerry was the first secretary to rely mainly on a government email account.
This statement is accurate, but it glosses over a bit of context -- that only one secretary before Clinton herself, Colin Powell, used email much at all while secretary of state. This undercuts the implication of Clinton’s claim, that there was a tradition of sorts of secretaries of state using private email accounts. It was a tradition of one. We rate the claim Mostly True.
House Select Committee on Benghazi, House Select Committee hearing on Benghazi, Oct. 22, 2015
PolitiFact, Fact-checking Chuck Schumer's defense of Hillary Clinton's private email, March 8, 2015
Colin Powell, It Worked for Me, May 22, 2012
NBC News, Meet the Press, Sept. 6, 2015
Politico, Colin Powell relied on personal emails while secretary of state, March 3, 2015
The Hill, Colin Powell: I used two computers at State, Sept. 6, 2015
ABC News, This Week with George Stephanopoulos, March 8, 2015
MSNBC, "Clinton backers: She did nothing out of the ordinary with email," March 3, 2015
U.S. State Department, Daily Briefing, March 3, 2015
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