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It’s no surprise that a Democratic governor and a Republican-controlled legislature are taking some of their fights to court.
But it may take a scorecard to keep track of the legal battles between Gov. Roy Cooper and the North Carolina General Assembly, where Republicans hold supermajorities.
At least one state lawmaker has lost track.
Republican state Rep. David Lewis of Harnett County, upset that one of the lawsuits has stalled the elections process in Carteret County, recently wrote about Cooper’s legal challenges in a blog post on DavidLewis.org.
Cooper, Lewis wrote, has "filed nearly one lawsuit a month, with every single one of them an attempt to extend his own power."
In the post, Lewis didn’t list the lawsuits Cooper has filed or describe the context surrounding them.
Cooper was sworn in Jan. 1, so he’s been governor for nearly eight months. According to his office, he’s filed three lawsuits against legislative leaders since voters elected him – one of those coming before his inauguration. PolitiFact North Carolina searched for additional lawsuits and found none.
Lewis said Cooper is trying to extend his power. Cooper’s lawsuits are indeed related to the scope of the governor’s powers. But Lewis fails to mention on his blog that, after Cooper was elected but before he was sworn in, Republican legislators – including Lewis – and former Gov. Pat McCrory enacted new laws that alter or limit the responsibilities and powers of the governor.
Cooper filed the first lawsuit on Dec. 30, when he was still governor-elect, to block measures the legislature adopted that merge the state elections and ethics boards and remove Cooper's ability to create a Democratic majority on the State Board of Elections. Cooper amended the lawsuit in Wake County Superior Court on Jan. 10, challenging the legislature's action to make the governor's Cabinet appointments subject to state Senate confirmation. Judges issued a split decision in the case, ruling for Cooper on elections but against him on Cabinet confirmation.
Cooper’s second lawsuit, which he filed in April, is a follow-up to his first lawsuit. After the court ruled that the governor’s appointees should control the state elections and ethics board, the legislature passed a new law that allows him to select its members from lists compiled by the two major political parties. Cooper contended that the goal was the same, to hamstring the governor, and filed a new lawsuit. A court sided with the legislature. A panel of judges sided with the legislature. But the governor has asked the state supreme court to review that decision, on appeal.
Cooper filed the third lawsuit on May 26, accusing the legislative leaders of trying to strip him of power to appoint state Court of Appeals judges and N.C. Industrial Commission members. Cooper amended the lawsuit on Aug. 8, challenging the legislature’s budget over funding related to school vouchers, a legal settlement with Volkswagen, and more - an amendment that came after Lewis’s statement.
Cooper’s office says it has filed three lawsuits and two amendments. Lewis’ office, after being questioned about the blog post, said it was counting the number of individual complaints in the lawsuits. Mark Coggins, Lewis’ policy analyst, broke down the lawsuit topics in an email. He said Cooper’s lawsuits touch on:
Whether the state Constitution allows the General Assembly to combine the state elections and state ethics boards
Who has the authority to dismiss certain state employees
Who has the authority to appoint members to the state’s Industrial Commission
Who has the authority to distribute certain federal funds
Whether the state Senate has the authority to block Cooper’s Cabinet nominees
Who has the authority to appoint members to "various boards and commissions."
Whether Cooper has "additional authority over the statutory baseline over the position of executive director" of the ethics board.
A ‘simplistic’ quote?
Cooper is not the first North Carolina governor to sue the legislature. McCrory sued legislative leaders saying they overstepped their authority in trying to establish a new commission to regulate coal ash, and the N.C. Supreme Court ruled in his favor last year.
Bob Orr, a former justice on the state Supreme Court, characterized Cooper’s lawsuits as part of power jockeying that’s happened for years.
"The litigation we’re seeing by Gov. Cooper is an expansion of that inherent tension and conflict between the executive branch and legislative branch," Orr said.
Orr, a Republican, critiqued Lewis’ quote as "simplistic." Cooper’s lawsuits are not frivolous power grabs, he said.
"I can’t fault Gov. Cooper for challenging the acts that he feels violates the separation of powers. That’s a core constitutional principle," Orr said.
Why make the claim?
Rep. Lewis co-chairs the legislative committee leading the effort to redraw districts in the state House and state Senate that federal courts determined were unconstitutional gerrymanders. He’s one of the most influential state lawmakers.
Lewis wrote the blog post on July 31 in reaction to a report by the N.C. Insider that elections board vacancies were preventing resolution of an elections complaint involving municipal elections in Morehead City. Lewis pointed out that elections boards are vacant because Cooper is challenging the elections law.
Because the issue is tied up in the courts, some county boards can’t fill their vacancies, keeping them from reaching a quorum needed to hold meetings. The state elections board is aware of 16 county elections boards that don’t have a quorum.
"Governor Cooper’s lawsuit regarding the Bipartisan Ethics and Elections Board has essentially frozen elections administration in place in many counties," Coggins, Lewis’ policy analyst, explained in an email.
"Citizens should care that this lawsuit could undermine the conduct of this fall’s local elections," Coggins wrote. Lewis believes voters should blame Cooper for "filing lawsuits that undermine local elections."
Lewis said Cooper has filed "nearly one lawsuit a month, with every single one of them an attempt to extend his own power." In fact, Cooper had filed three lawsuits and an amendment over seven months when Lewis made his claim. Lewis gives the impression that Cooper has been wildly filing lawsuits to expand his powers. But the lawsuits primarily respond to reductions in power passed by Lewis’s party shortly before Cooper took office and afterward.
We rate his claim Mostly False.
Lawsuits filed by Gov. Roy Cooper.
Mark Coggins and Neal Inman, advisors to state Rep. David Lewis.
Ford Porter, spokesman for Gov. Roy Cooper.
Bob Orr, former NC Surpreme Court Justice.
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