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A criminal complaint against a suspect who the FBI said plotted a Christmas Day massacre in San Francisco focused on his expressions in support of ISIS and terrorism.
The conspiracy-minded website Infowars said news reports omitted some of the true political affiliations of suspect Everitt Aaron Jameson, describing him as part of the anti-Trump, radical left crowd.
"Pier 39 terrorist was an anti-Trump antifa supporter," stated the Dec. 23 headline.
Facebook users flagged the post as being potentially fabricated, as part of the social network’s efforts to combat fake news.
The Infowars article zeroed in on Facebook pages "liked" by Jameson to portray him as a far-left user who "liked" anti-Trump and Antifa groups as well as news organizations such as CNN and BuzzFeed and pro-vegan groups.
"Jameson’s Facebook likes confirm that his political leanings were a mixture of radical far-left ideology and Islamism," stated Infowars.
We found Jameson did show some interest in anti-Trump and Antifa groups (Antifa is a shorthand term for anti-fascists.). But the headline and story failed to explain that his interest in those groups were not relevant to the alleged plot laid out in the government’s complaint.
FBI criminal complaint shows allegations against Jameson
Here is what happened ahead of the planned incident, according to the FBI criminal complaint filed in California Dec. 22:
In September, a confidential source alerted the FBI that Jameson’s Facebook account showed he "liked" or "loved" pro-ISIS and terrorism posts, such as an image of Santa Claus standing in New York with a box of dynamite.
Jameson, a recent convert to Islam, had expressed support for radical jihadist beliefs and terrorism, including the Oct. 31, 2017, terror attack in New York City in which a driver used a truck to kill eight people.
"I’m glad to know we Muslims are finally hitting back," Jameson wrote on Facebook.
In December an undercover FBI employee began communicating with Jameson, who believed the agent was part of senior leadership in ISIS. Jameson indicated that he wanted to plan an attack similar to the 2015 San Bernardino massacre and the recent New York truck attack.
Jameson named the Pier 39 site in San Francisco as his target because it is a heavily crowded area. He asked the undercover employee to provide ammunition, assault rifle and materials to make explosives.
A couple of days later, an FBI employee mistakenly called Jameson and he called back the employee’s phone number which had a 202 (Washington, D.C.) area code. Later that day Jameson told the undercover FBI employee he reconsidered the attack.
On Dec. 20, law enforcement conducted a search warrant and found an incriminating letter and several guns at Jameson’s home. The letter included one mention of Trump -- a reference to Trump’s recent recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel: "You’ve allowed Donald J. Trump to give away Al Quds to the Jews."
Two days later, federal authorities announced that they had charged Jameson, a 26-year-old Modesto truck driver, with attempting to provide material support to a foreign terrorist organization. If convicted, Jameson faces a maximum statutory penalty of 20 years in prison and a $250,000 fine.
Jameson’s family said he was depressed over losing custody of his children and insisted he never talked about violence or being influenced by terrorist groups.
Jameson’s federal public defender Heather E. Williams told PolitiFact that her office will investigate the possibility of an entrapment defense and whether the government can prove beyond a reasonable doubt any attempted criminal act since Jameson ultimately told an FBI undercover employee that he had reconsidered.
"In my understanding, the label ‘antifa’ means ‘anti-fascist.’ If being anti-Trump, anti-fascist tends to show a person is more likely to be a ‘terrorist’ than not, the FBI must have a very long list of suspicious people," she told PolitiFact.
Jameson’s Facebook page
The 11-page FBI criminal complaint and the press release from the U.S. Attorney make no mention of Antifa, and the only reference to Trump is the one sentence in the letter seized at Jameson’s home. Mainstream news accounts of the case mentioned the sentence about Trump but nothing about Antifa.
Antifa broadly describes far-left-leaning militant groups challenging neo-Nazis and white supremacists.
Infowars drew from an archived version of Jameson’s Facebook that showed he liked four Antifa groups -- three in California and one in Portland. He also liked a few anti-Trump groups, such as the "Trump resistance movement." We noticed that Jameson liked hundreds of groups on Facebook ranging from the political ("Sassy Socialist Memes") to food, fashion, TV and sports.
We asked spokespersons for the FBI and the U.S. Attorney if the fact that the complaint made no mention of Jameson liking anti-Trump and Antifa means that it was irrelevant from a law enforcement perspective, but authorities declined to answer that question.
We posed the same question to a couple of experts on terrorism: Brian Levin at the Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism at California State University, and Erin Miller, at the Global Terrorism Database at the University of Maryland.
Levin said federal authorities include information in the complaint that is relevant to the charge, which in this case was attempting to provide material support to foreign terrorist organizations. ISIS is considered a foreign terrorist organization while Antifa isn’t.
"That’s why ISIS ‘likes’ would be factually and legally relevant and the others would not," Levin said. "The focus of his alleged goals was aligned with ISIS and apparently less so than with the other entities which aren’t designated as foreign terrorist organizations."
His main interest is clearly ISIS and to suggest otherwise is not wholly accurate, Levin said.
"Extremists are not hermetically sealed in freeze-dried containers -- they often dine from buffet of hatred but usually there is one that predominants and that’s what we apparently have here," he said.
There is a broad spectrum within Antifa, which includes some individuals who have expressed violence. But an abstract embrace of Antifa isn’t illegal.
"Like the anti-abortion movement, ‘Antifa’ is itself an ideological movement," Miller said. "Like any ideological movement, individuals can identify with it. Formal organizations can coalesce within/around it. Either can engage in non-violent or violent efforts to in an attempt promote the ideology/movement."
Infowars’ headline said, "Pier 39 terrorist was an anti-Trump antifa supporter."
Infowars drew from the suspect’s Facebook page, which showed he liked a few anti-Trump and Antifa pages as well as hundreds of unrelated groups.
The FBI criminal complaint makes no mention of Jameson liking these groups, which indicates that prosecutors believe his liking of these groups didn’t play any role in the attempted terrorist plot.
We rate this statement Half True.
Infowars, "Pier 39 terrorist was an anti-Trump antifa supporter," Dec. 23, 2017
United States District Court Eastern District of California, United States of America vs Everitt Aaron Jameson, Dec. 22, 2017
U.S. Attorney’s Office press release, "California Man Arrested for Attempting to Provide Material Support to A Terrorist Organization," Dec. 22, 2017
Los Angeles Times, "Man accused of plotting S.F. terror attack was depressed over losing custody of children, family says," Dec. 23, 2017
SF Gate, "Man accused of plotting terror attack on SF’s Pier 39," Dec. 22, 2017
Modesto Bee, "'They isolate themselves.' Islamic leader discusses Modesto terror suspect," Dec. 27, 2017
Politico, "FBI, Homeland Security warn of more ‘antifa’ attacks," Sept. 1, 2017
PolitiFact, Infowars, Accessed Dec. 28, 2017
PolitiFact’s Trump-O-Meter, "Trump formally recognizes Jerusalem as Israeli capital," Dec. 6, 2017
Interview, Nicole Navas Oxman, U.S. Department of Justice spokesman, Dec. 27, 2017
Interview, Gina Swankie, FBI Sacramento field office spokeswoman, Dec. 27, 2017
Interview, Erin Miller, manager of the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) at START headquarters at the University of Maryland, Dec. 27, 2017
Interview, Brian Levin, professor and director of the Center for the Study of Hate & Extremism at California State University, San Bernardino, Dec. 27, 2017
Interview, Heather E. Williams, Federal Defender, Dec. 28, 2017
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