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• A law shifted Social Security benefits and statements to primarily paperless, electronic delivery by March 2013, but some recipients can choose mailed checks.
• The shift to a paperless system was promoted as cost-saving and eco-friendly.
• Hundreds of thousands of Americans still receive their Social Security checks by mail.
President Donald Trump has made a target of the U.S. Postal Service by raising spurious concerns about the security of mail-in ballots. And now misinformation targeting the Postal Service is gaining traction on social media.
One Facebook post claims that there were concerns about the security of U.S. mail service when President Barack Obama was in office.
"Did you know in 2013 obama determined Social Security would not send checks through the USPS, because it was not secure!?" the post reads.
The post was flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Facebook.)
During the Obama administration, Social Security payments did largely shift to electronic delivery. But the post errs in saying the shift was due to concerns about the security of the Postal Service.
Each month, the U.S. Treasury sends payments for Social Security and Supplemental Security Income benefits to 69 million recipients around the country. Until 2010, about 16% were done by mailed checks and 84% were done electronically through direct deposit or through debit cards that could be automatically replenished.
In April 2010 — just a few days before Earth Day — the Treasury Department announced a rule that would increase the number of electronic Social Security transactions and decrease the number of mailed checks by 2013. The change was expected to save "more than $400 million and 12 million pounds of paper in the first five years alone," according to the Treasury Department press release.
"By moving to all-electronic payments, Treasury will save hundreds of millions of dollars and substantially reduce our environmental impact, making this a win-win for all Americans," then-Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner said in a statement.
News coverage of the new rule focused on the fact that electronic deposits would save taxpayer money, reduce the Social Security Administration’s environmental impact and provide increased security for the payments.
In a 2011 Social Security Administration press release, Michael Astrue, commissioner of Social Security, said getting benefit payments by direct deposit or on a debit card was safe and reliable.
"You don't have to worry about your check being lost or stolen, and your money is available immediately on your payment date," Astrue said. "There is no need to wait for the mail to arrive."
Testifying before a Senate committee in 2013, Theresa Gruber, assistant deputy commissioner for operations at the Social Security Administration, pointed out that electronic Social Security payments do not face the same disruption that mailed checks face from natural disasters such as hurricanes. She also said paper checks are more likely to be lost or stolen than electronic deposits.
A spokesperson for the Social Security Administration told PolitiFact that the push to switch to primarily direct deposit was not at all related to concerns about the security of mailing checks via the Postal Service.
"Direct deposit is a secure and convenient method for people to receive their benefits," the spokesperson said. "Their money is immediately available in their account at their financial institution, making a separate trip to their bank with a paper check unnecessary — especially important for people with transportation or mobility issues, in bad weather, or when natural disasters strike."
He added that the 2013 shift was part of a government-wide initiative led by the Treasury to move to electronic benefit delivery.
The plan was to "phase out" paper checks by March 1, 2013. But in some circumstances, people could apply for waivers that would allow them to continue receiving paper checks. By 2014, 98.6% of Social Security payments were made via direct deposit.
Although officials referenced "lost" and "stolen" checks as a potential benefit of the switch to direct deposit payments, PolitiFact found no evidence the Obama administration enacted the rule because of concerns with the security of the Postal Service, as the post claims.
A Facebook post said, "in 2013 Obama determined Social Security would not send checks through the USPS, because it was not secure."
The claim is misleading.
Officials said the switch to direct deposit Social Security payments was environmentally prudent and would save millions of taxpayer dollars. Officials also said direct deposit payments would prevent checks from being lost or stolen, but we found no evidence anyone argued the Postal Service was not a secure way to deliver checks.
More than half a million people still receive Social Security checks by mail today.
We rate this claim False.
PolitiFact, "Some social security payments still come through the mail, though most are electronic," Aug. 18, 2020
PolitiFact, "Postal Service doesn’t say to never mail cash but other options are preferable," Aug. 21, 2020
PolitiFact, "Donald Trump’s dubious claim that 'thousands' are conspiring on mail-ballot fraud," April 9, 2020
Investment News, "Social Security goes fully paperless," Jan. 27, 2013
New York Times, "Social Security and Welfare Benefits Going Paperless," Jan. 28, 2011
CBS News, "Social Security: Paper Statements to Stop Being Mailed," June 30, 2011
ThoughtCo., "The End of Social Security Paper Checks," accessed Aug. 25, 2020
GoDirect.gov, "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed Aug. 25, 2020
Social Security Administration, "Social Security (Title II) Direct Deposit Participation In The United States", Accessed Aug. 25, 2020
Treasury.gov, "Treasury Goes Green, Saves, Green Broad New Initiative Will Increase Electronic Transactions, Save More Than $400 Million, 12 Million Pounds of Paper in First Five Years Alone," April 19, 2010
Social Security Administration, "Social Security Testimony Before Congress," June 19, 2013
Social Security Administration, "No Check - Go Direct," April 27, 2011
Social Security Administration, "Social Security Administration Beneficiaries Trend in Direct Deposit Participation," accessed Aug. 25, 2020
PBS News Hour, "WATCH: President Donald Trump addresses first day of the Republican National Convention," Aug. 24, 2020
Social Security Administration, "Monthly Statistical Snapshot, July 2020," accessed Aug. 25, 2020
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