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Battleground states like Nevada and Arizona had races with close margins, which meant media organizations waited until more votes were counted to announce projected winners.
Florida law allows for early processing of mail-in ballots and, in many counties in the state, machines speed up the processing of those ballots.
In Arizona, where mail-in voting has been widely used since the 1990s, record numbers of mail ballots were dropped off at polling places on Election Day and those ballots take time to manually process. Arizona and Nevada voters also have a window of time to resolve any discrepancies with their ballots.
Comparing how fast election returns roll in from one state to another doesn’t prove the existence of "voter fraud." But that didn’t stop a torrent of social media claims suggesting otherwise.
"Florida counted 7.5 million ballots in five hours," said a woman in one Nov. 11 Instagram video. "Other states, they’re saying it might take till the end of the year to count 2 million votes. You’re fired. It’s voter fraud. Hello!? It’s voter fraud."
The posts were flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Meta, which owns Facebook and Instagram.)
(Screenshots from Instagram.)
The winners of key midterm Florida races were declared on election night. Shortly after the polls closed on Nov. 8, for example, The Associated Press called closely watched races for Republican incumbents Sen. Marco Rubio and Gov. Ron DeSantis.
Florida results were available quickly for a number of reasons, including:
State law allows election officials to begin processing and canvassing mail-in ballots weeks before Election Day. Prior to Election Day, Florida election officials have finished verifying signatures and tabulating most of its mail-in ballots.
When races are close, media organizations wait until more votes have been counted to declare a projected winner.
States like Arizona and Nevada are battleground states that feature close races with narrow margins whose winners could ultimately decide party control of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives.
Republicans won key races in Florida by large margins, so winners could be projected more quickly. Races in Arizona and Nevada had much narrower margins, and it took longer for media organizations to announce projected winners.
Incumbent Florida Republican Gov. Ron DeSantis holds his son Mason as he celebrates winning reelection, at an election night party Nov. 8, 2022, in Tampa, Fla. (AP)
In Arizona, "we have so many close races that everyone is still paying attention to Maricopa County," said Maricopa County Board of Supervisors Chair Bill Gates, a Republican, on Nov. 10. "Those other states, like Florida — those races were blowouts," so no one was waiting and continuing to scrutinize those counts.
Arizona and Florida both require that ballots be received by 7 p.m. on Election Day. In Arizona, however, voters can drop off mail ballots at polling places on Election Day — a practice that is not permitted in Florida.
Most voters in Arizona cast mail ballots, and have done so for decades. About 290,000 ballots were dropped off at polling places in Maricopa County on Election Day — a figure Gates described as "historic." It takes more time to process those ballots.
In Florida, many counties use "extraction machines," which cut ballot envelopes open with a laser and then open the envelopes with air, making it easier to remove the ballot, NPR reported.
By comparison, in Arizona, people processing mail ballots must verify signatures on envelopes before a bipartisan team manually removes those ballots from the envelopes and prepares them to be counted. That increased the wait time for midterm results.
In Nevada, mail ballots postmarked by Election Day must be received by 5 p.m. on the fourth day after the election — this year that was Nov. 12. And Nevada election officials warned on Nov. 9 that they’d been flooded with mail-in ballots, The New York Times reported.
Nevada voters are also allowed six days after Election Day — compared with Florida’s two days — to resolve any issues with their mail ballots, such as a missing or mismatched signature. For this election, that deadline was Nov. 14.
The Nevada secretary of state’s office addressed the duration of the vote count in a Nov. 10 Facebook post, emphasizing that officials were following the deadlines set by state law.
"Nevada election officials have not stopped counting and will continue until everything is completed," read the post. "That includes working on the federal holiday, November 11, and all weekend."
Similarly, Arizona voters are allowed five business days to cure their ballots if there is a discrepancy with their signature.
Dayslong waits for results aren’t unfamiliar in Arizona.
"For folks who have followed Arizona politics for many years, this is very, very common," Gates said on Nov. 10. "I know people are very anxious to get the results, but there is nothing out of the ordinary here."
In Maricopa County, final results have been reported 10 to 12 days following Election Day.
What’s more, no state finished counting ballots on election night. States set certification deadlines weeks after Election Day to allow time to count every ballot.
"Election results take time, and it is not indicative of ‘voter fraud,’" said Sophia Solis, an Arizona secretary of state’s office spokesperson.
A woman in a video shared on Instagram claimed that it’s proof of "voter fraud" that election results in other states take longer than Florida, where unofficial results were available on election night.
Florida law allows for early processing of mail-in ballots and, in many counties, machines speed up the processing of those ballots. Key races in Florida were also won by larger margins than races in Arizona and Nevada, which made it easier to call them earlier.
A record number of mail ballots were dropped off on Election Day at polling places in Maricopa County, Arizona — a practice that is not allowed in Florida. Those ballots take more time to process. And in Arizona and Nevada, voters have more time than Floridians to resolve any discrepancies with their ballots.
We rate these claims False.
Instagram post, Nov. 11, 2022
Instagram post, Nov. 12, 2022
Instagram post, Nov. 9, 2022
Maricopa County on YouTube, Election press conference 11/12/22, Nov. 12, 2022
Email interview with Sophia Solis, an Arizona secretary of state’s office spokesperson, Nov. 14, 2022
Email statement from Jennifer Russell, a Nevada secretary of state’s office spokesperson, Nov. 14, 2022
Email interview with Mark Ard, a Florida department of state’s office spokesperson, Nov. 15, 2022
Email interview with Suzy Trutie, deputy elections supervisor for Miami-Dade County, Nov. 16, 2022
Nevada Secretary of State’s post on Facebook, Nov. 10, 2022
The New York Times, Why does it take so long to count votes in Nevada? Nov. 10, 2022
The Washington Post, Why is Arizona still counting votes? Nov. 12, 2022
PolitiFact, No, every vote wasn’t previously counted on election night, Nov. 4, 2022
PolitiFact, Election result delays are not proof of fraud, Nov. 8, 2022
PolitiFact, Not all results will be known on election night 2022. That’s normal, Oct. 3, 2022
PolitiFact, Why days of ballot counting isn’t suspicious, Nov. 8, 2022
The Associated Press, Why Arizona election results are taking days, Nov. 11, 2022
The Associated Press, Republican lawmakers want to split Maricopa County in 4, Feb. 16, 2022
Fox 4, How Florida counts votes so fast compared to other states, Nov. 11, 2022
Vote Beat, Why Arizona’s ballot count takes longer than Florida’s, Nov. 10, 2022
Silver State 2022, General election results, accessed Nov. 15, 2022
Secretary of State State of Arizona, 2022 general election, accessed Nov. 15, 2022
The Washington Post, Florida lurches to the right, crushing Democrats ahead of 2024, Nov. 9, 2022
Las Vegas Review-Journal, PARTY LINES: Election’s close races give Nevada purple hue, Nov. 11, 2022
New York Magazine, Arizona and Nevada could make or break a democratic senate, Nov. 9, 2022
NPR, Sen. Mark Kelly is in a tough Senate reelection bid in swing state Arizona, Nov. 8, 2022
Maricopa County on YouTube, Elections Command Center Update 11-11-22, Nov. 11, 2022
NPR, Voter behavior and election rules contribute to slower counting in Arizona, Nov. 11, 2022
Florida Supervisor of Elections, Vote-by-mail ballots, accessed Nov. 15, 2022
Florida Supervisor of Elections, Ways to vote, accessed Nov. 15, 2022
PolitiFact, Arizona’s widespread use of mail-in voting and close margins created longer wait for results, Nov. 15, 2022
PolitiFact, How days of vote counting became go-to ‘evidence’ for false election fraud claims, Nov. 15, 2022
National Conference of State Legislatures, Table 11: Receipt and Postmark Deadlines for Absentee/Mail Ballots, accessed Nov. 15, 2022
PolitiFact, Trump falsely claims Nevada and Arizona election officials ‘want more time to cheat,’ Nov. 11, 2022
The Tampa Bay Times, Rubio wins big against Democrat Val Demings to stay in U.S. Senate for Florida, Nov. 8, 2022
PolitiFact, Voting by mail has been popular in Arizona for decades. Now the state GOP wants to ban it, Nov. 16, 2022
The Associated Press, DeSantis defeats Crist, wins 2nd term as Florida governor, Nov. 8, 2022
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