Says the U.S. Senate has passed "a budget" over the last three years "called the Budget Control Act."

Robert Menendez on Wednesday, October 10th, 2012 in a debate on New Jersey 101.5-FM

U.S. Sen. Robert Menendez says the Budget Control Act is the federal budget

To hear Democratic U.S. Sen. Robert Menendez and his GOP challenger, state Sen. Joe Kyrillos, discuss the federal budget, go to 32:30.

When it comes to passing a budget, U.S. Sen. Robert Menendez hasn’t been doing his job, according to his Republican challenger, state Sen. Joe Kyrillos.

In a heated debate Wednesday on New Jersey 101.5-FM, the Democratic incumbent and Kyrillos argued over whether the U.S. Senate has passed a budget in the last three years. The two candidates will face off in the Nov. 6 general election.

"The Senate hasn’t passed a budget in three years," said Kyrillos, who represents part of Monmouth County. "That’s just a fact, hasn’t done it."

But Menendez said that wasn’t true: "Secondly, there is a budget. It’s called the Budget Control Act and you should look it up. You’d understand then that your statement about not having a budget for the last three years would be wrong."

So, is Menendez right that Kyrillos’ statement is inaccurate and the Senate has passed a budget "called the Budget Control Act"?

That legislation performs budgetary functions -- such as setting limits on certain types of future discretionary spending -- but the Act is not a budget plan under the official congressional budget process.

That kind of plan is called a "budget resolution" and the Senate hasn’t passed one in more than three years.

William Galston, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution and a former policy adviser to President Bill Clinton, said in an e-mail that "a completed budget is expected to do much more than set spending levels for discretionary programs."

Galston added, "The 2011 BCA kept the government open, but it didn’t constitute a full budget."
Let’s explain what a budget resolution is.

The House and Senate are supposed to adopt a budget resolution that covers the upcoming fiscal year and at least the following four fiscal years.

A budget resolution does not become law, but instead serves as the framework for appropriations bills and other subsequent legislation dealing with budgetary matters.

With Menendez voting yes, the Senate last passed a budget resolution on April 29, 2009 for fiscal year 2010. In the absence of a budget resolution, Congress has taken other steps to spend money and set certain budgetary guidelines.

Now, let’s turn to the Budget Control Act.

Enacted in August 2011, that legislation also included provisions to raise the nation’s debt ceiling, and set up a process that could trigger additional spending cuts. Menendez voted against the bill.

The Act is similar to a budget resolution in terms of setting those discretionary spending limits, according to Jason Peuquet, research director for the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, a bipartisan organization focused on debt reduction.

But the legislation did not "set forth projections for mandatory spending and targeted revenue levels for five years," which budget resolutions do, Peuquet told us.

Harvard Law School professor Howell Jackson added in an e-mail that "I don’t think it’s fair to consider this a substitute for the actual adoption of a budget resolution, which has lots of other implications (and procedural vehicles for getting around the filibuster)."

In a statement, Mike Soliman, Menendez’s campaign manager, argued that Menendez didn’t say the Senate passed a budget resolution, but that it passed a budget.

"The Budget Control Act is stronger than a budget resolution because it actually has the force of law," Soliman added. "The Budget Control Act carries the force of law, it sets our spending limits for two years, and it actually dictates our nation's spending. A non-binding budget resolution does not."

Our ruling

During last week’s debate, Menendez claimed Kyrillos’ statement was wrong and that the Senate has passed "a budget" in the last three years, "called the Budget Control Act."

That Act set limits on discretionary spending, but it is missing other features of a "budget resolution," which is considered a budget plan under the official congressional budget process. The Senate hasn’t passed such a plan in more than three years.

We rate the statement False.

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