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President Donald Trump made many inaccurate statements in 2017. His White House team seems to be following in his footsteps when defending him.
Some of Trump’s staffers have made the argument that it is valid to use inaccurate facts to bolster larger narratives — like when press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders recently told reporters that even if the authenticity of anti-Muslim videos videos was questionable, "the threat is real."
In other cases, they doubled down on exaggerations, as when former press secretary Sean Spicer repeated that Trump’s inauguration saw the largest audience ever, period.
To help you keep the facts straight, we’ve compiled a list of our most significant fact-checks of the staff of the Trump administration in the first year.
Side-by-side photos of the National Mall showed the attendance of Trump’s inauguration was noticeably smaller than Obama’s inaugurations. But in the first press briefing of the new administration, Spicer accused the media of misleading the public about the crowd size.
"Photographs of the inaugural proceedings were intentionally framed in a way, in one particular Tweet, to minimize the enormous support that had gathered on the National Mall," Spicer said on Jan. 21. "That was the largest audience to witness an inauguration, period. Both in person and around the globe."
We rated his claim Pants on Fire.
Spicer offered that floor coverings highlighting empty spaces on the National Mall had not been previously used, but in fact they were in place for Obama’s 2013 inauguration. Spicer also said metro ridership was higher during Trump’s than Obama’s 2013 inaugural, but that’s only if you’re comparing the morning of Obama’s inaugural to the whole day of Trump’s.
Spicer’s and Trump’s highest estimates for the inauguration were all lower than the 1.8 million people who attended Obama’s 2009 inauguration.
Kellyanne Conway came out in their defense, labeling the falsehood as an "alternative fact" necessary to combat what she considered the media’s misleading portrayal of the administration.
Following a question about Trump’s missing tax returns during an April 26 news conference, Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin said Trump "has no intention" of releasing his tax returns.
(Trump broke his repeated promise to release his tax returns to the public.)
"The president has released plenty of information and, I think, has given more financial disclosure than anybody else," Mnuchin said. "I think the American population has plenty of information."
Trump was the first major presidential nominee in 40 years not to release his tax returns. Instead, he released a financial disclosure report all presidential candidates are required to complete.
Former President Barack Obama released tax returns for 16 years (2000-15), and George W. Bush and Bill Clinton released tax returns for every year in office except for their last. George H.W. Bush released three years of returns, and Ronald Reagan released six years worth of returns.
Trump’s tax returns would allow the public to see his tax rate, the types of taxes he paid, his charitable giving, his income-producing assets, and even pin down how the Republican tax bill would affect his finances.
We rated his claim False.
On top of Trump’s Lie of the Year that Russia "is a made-up story," his top advisers have repeated several false claims in attempts to dispel the story.
Spicer tried to distance the president from his former campaign chairman Paul Manafort after a report and repeated references to Manafort during a House Intelligence committee on Russian interference in the 2016 election.
"Obviously there’s been discussion of Paul Manafort, who played a very limited role for a very limited amount of time," Spicer said in a March 20, 2017, White House press briefing.
But even Spicer admitted that characterization was incorrect. Trump praised Manafort as "a great asset and an important addition" in consolidating the support during the primary season. Manafort was promoted to campaign chairman in May 2016 and resigned in August, in the wake of falling poll numbers and ongoing controversy.
We rated his claim False.
In March, Trump tweeted, "Terrible! Just found out that Obama had my ‘wires tapped’ in Trump Tower just before the victory. Nothing found. This is McCarthyism!"
Trump provided no evidence of his claim, and intelligence agencies found nothing to back it up, either.
Sanders nonetheless came out in Trump’s defense, repeating Trump’s other false claim that the New York Times initially reported the wiretapping.
"Everybody acts like President Trump is the one that came up with this idea," Huckabee Sanders said. "There are multiple news outlets that have reported this."
A few reports alluded to the FBI’s requesting permission from the court that handles the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act to monitor members of Trump’s teams interactions with Russia. But only a November 2016 blog post on HeatStreet based on anonymous sources that has not been corroborated claims the probes centered on Trump himself or came from Obama.
We rated her claim False.
Following hostile tweets directed at MSNBC’s Morning Joe co-hosts in the wake of the shooting in June that hospitalized House Majority Whip Steve Scalise, R-La., Huckabee Sanders vehemently denied the suggestion Trump’s tweets could be conducive to violence.
"The president in no way, form or fashion has ever promoted or encouraged violence. If anything, quite the contrary. And he was simply pushing back and defending himself," Huckabee Sanders said.
But we then found Trump had repeatedly — if only once explicitly — displayed tolerance for, and a favorable disposition toward, physical violence. The most notable statement came from a February 2016 campaign rally.
"So I got a little notice," Trump told a crowd in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. "We have wonderful security guys. It said, ‘Mr. Trump, there may be somebody with tomatoes in the audience.’ So if you see somebody getting ready to throw a tomato, knock the crap out of them, would you? Seriously. Just knock the hell .... I promise you, I will pay for the legal fees. I promise. I promise."
Again, we rated her claim False.
After receiving (and dishing out) criticism for not calling families of fallen soldiers in October, Trump reached out to the widow of deceased Sgt. La David Johnson in a phone call that became infamous after U.S. Rep. Frederica Wilson, D-Fla., a close friend to the widow, disparaged its contents publicly.
Wilson, who overheard the call, said Trump told the widow her husband "knew what he signed up for … but when it happens it hurts anyway."
"I think it’s so insensitive," Wilson told the Miami Herald. "It’s crazy. Why do you need to say that? You don’t say that to someone who lost family, the father, the breadwinner. You can say, ‘I’m so sorry for your loss. He’s a hero.’ "
A few days later, White House Chief of Staff John Kelly fired back at Wilson for listening in on Trump’s call to the widow, and took it further by saying Wilson had bragged about herself at the dedication of a new FBI field office in Miami.
"And a congresswoman stood up, and in the long tradition of empty barrels making the most noise, stood up there and all of that and talked about how she was instrumental in getting the funding for that building, and how she took care of her constituents because she got the money, and she just called up President Obama, and on that phone call he gave the money -- the $20 million -- to build the building," Kelly said of Wilson. "And she sat down, and we were stunned."
But that’s not at all what Wilson said, as a video clip of the speech showed.
Wilson didn’t mention funding for the building, claim credit for it, or tell the audience how she leveraged influence with Obama to secure it.
Wilson instead described how she, alongside several other lawmakers, helped secure legislation to name the building for two slain agents. She also discussed the bravery of the slain agents and the FBI.
That, too, earned a False.
PolitiFact, Donald Trump had biggest inaugural crowd ever? Metrics don't show it, Jan. 21, 2017
PolitiFact, Kellyanne Conway's back and forth with Chuck Todd on 'alternative facts,' annotated, Jan. 23, 2017
PolitiFact, Trump-o-Meter Promise: Release his tax returns after an audit is completed, May 12, 2017
PolitiFact, Will the GOP tax bill cost Donald Trump 'a fortune'? No, Nov. 30, 2017
PolitiFact, Has Trump ‘given more financial disclosure than anybody else?', April 27, 2017
AP, AP Exclusive: Before Trump job, Manafort worked to aid Putin, March 22, 2017
PolitiFact, Press Briefing by Press Secretary Sean Spicer, March 20, 2017
PolitiFact, Sean Spicer’s False claim that Paul Manafort played a minor role in the Trump campaign, March 22, 2017
Donald J. Trump, Tweet, March 4, 2017
PolitiFact, Donald Trump says he learned Obama tapped his phones from the New York Times, March 16, 2017
PolitiFact, Why the White House defense of Trump wiretap accusation is misleading, March 5, 2017
Youtube, Donald Trump - 'Knock the Crap Out Of Them, I Will Pay For The Legal Fees', March 23, 2016
PolitiFact, Has Donald Trump never promoted or encouraged violence, July 5, 2017
PolitiFact, Donald Trump's misleading comments on Obama's calls to fallen soldiers' families, Oct. 17, 2017
Miami Herald, In attack on Frederica Wilson over Trump’s call to widow, John Kelly gets facts wrong, Oct. 19, 2017
PolitiFact, Fact-checking John Kelly on Frederica Wilson's 2015 speech, Oct. 20, 2017
Kaitlan Collins, Tweet, Nov. 29, 2017
PolitiFact, Donald Trump retweets anti-Muslim videos from far-right Britain First, Nov. 29, 2017