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An ad released by the Senate Leadership Fund in the North Dakota Senate race paints incumbent Heidi Heitkamp as two-faced when it comes to immigration.
"There are two Heidi Heitkamps. One in North Dakota, the other siding with liberals in Washington. Washington Heidi supports sanctuary cities, where illegal immigrants can be released on our streets, like this criminal, who was let go and then sexually assaulted a child. The same Heidi who is funded by Washington liberals who want to abolish ICE," the voiceover says.
Heitkamp has voted against bills that would defund sanctuary cities, but that’s not the same as voting to protect criminals, as the ad suggests.
The Senate Leadership Fund declined to provide evidence for its ad.
Heitkamp’s campaign said she opposed bills to punish sanctuary cities because they end up punishing law enforcement for a political decision made by a municipality. Her campaign highlighted her vote in favor of Kate’s Law, a bill that would have increased penalties for unauthorized immigrants, and her support of Trump’s 2018 immigration proposal, which included $25 billion for border security, tougher enforcement and new limits on legal immigration.
Heitkamp has called the movement to abolish ICE, "crazy town," and said that criticizing law enforcement for doing their job does not "sit well" with her as a former attorney general.
A sanctuary city can be a town, county or other jurisdiction. There isn’t a federal law defining sanctuary locations, but the term is generally applied to places that have policies or ordinances limiting the assistance that local police provide to federal immigration authorities.
"The one common theme to sanctuary areas is not that they release criminals onto the streets, but that they will not do the work that is the responsibility of the federal enforcement agencies," said Elizabeth Cohen, a political science professor at Syracuse University.
There are no sanctuary cities in North Dakota, according to research by the Federation of American Immigration Reform, which favors reduced immigration.
The Senate Leadership Fund cited four Heitkamp "nay" votes in the text of their ad. The bills sought to compel cities to honor ICE detainer requests on local law enforcement agencies by withholding federal grants. They gave local authorities legal immunity to do so.
The idea behind limiting cooperation between local and federal authorities is to encourage crime reporting and witnesses from the immigrant community to come forward, according to Hiroshi Motomura, a law professor at the University of California, Los Angeles. But sanctuary policies are not absolute, allowing cooperation when immigrants meet a certain threshold for criminal convictions.
"Even San Francisco policies, which are probably the most liberal in the country, require the police to cooperate when the person has a serious criminal history," said Huyen Pham, a law professor at Texas A&M University.
So what happened in the sexual assault case the ad mentions?
We tracked down the man in the mugshot through a reverse image search. He is Juan Ramon Vasquez, an undocumented immigrant who was charged with raping a 5-year-old family member following his 2014 release from a Philadelphia jail. (He previously used the name Ramon Aguirre-Ochoa.) He pleaded guilty and was sentenced to eight to 20 years in prison for the rape.
President Donald Trump and other opponents of sanctuary cities have used his case as a rallying point.
Vasquez was originally arrested for an unrelated aggravated assault, but was released when the prosecutors declined to pursue the charges. ICE requested that he be held for possible deportation proceedings. The city did not honor the detainer request.
Philadelphia’s sanctuary city policy states that a person cannot be detained after their release unless they are convicted of a first- or second-degree felony involving violence, and that detainer is supported by a judicial warrant. There was no conviction or warrant in Vasquez’s case.
The sanctuary city bills would have forced locales to honor detainers or lose federal funding for law enforcement and other programs. However, even that may not have ensured Vasquez stayed off the streets, as he would have had the chance to ask for bond in front of an immigration judge, according to Linus Chan, a law professor at the University of Minnesota.
In other words, the bills Heitkamp voted against would not necessarily have prevented the case the ad calls attention to.
The Senate Leadership Fund said, "Washington Heidi supports sanctuary cities, where illegal immigrants can be released on our streets, like this criminal, who was let go and then sexually assaulted a child."
Heitkamp voted against bills that blocked law enforcement grants for sanctuary cities, because she said she didn't want to punish law enforcement agencies. She also voted in favor of other bills that ramped up immigration law enforcement. The ad suggests that Heitkamp sympathizes with abolishing ICE, when she called the idea "crazy town." The ad also suggests sanctuary cities allow violent criminals to roam the streets, but that's a skewed interpretation.
We rate this statement Mostly False.
Youtube, Senate Leadership Fund: "Which Heidi" ND, Oct. 11, 2018
Phone interview with Huyen Pham, law professor at Texas A&M University School of Law Oct. 17, 2018
Phone interview with Hiroshi Motomura, law professor at University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law, Oct. 17, 2018
Phone interview with RJ Hauman, government relations director at the Federation for American Immigration Reform, Oct. 17, 2018
Phone interview with Kit Johnson, law professor at the University of Oklahoma, Oct. 17, 2018
Email interview with Linus Chan, law professor at the University of Minnesota, Oct. 17, 2018
Email interview with Chris Pack, Senate Leadership Fund communications director, Oct. 17, 2018
Email interview with Sean Higgins, press secretary for Heidi Heitkamp, Oct. 17, 2018
Email interview with Elizabeth Cohen, political science professor at Syracuse University, Oct. 17, 2018
Bismarck Tribune, Heitkamp calls barrage of attacks on ‘sanctuary city’ votes a ‘scare tactic,’ while Cramer calls the issue ‘common sense’, Aug. 22, 2018
The Inquirer, Philly’s U.S. attorney slams ‘sanctuary city’ policy, citing immigrant who raped a child, Aug. 8, 2018
New York Times, A Supreme Court Vote Is Just One of Heidi Heitkamp’s Headaches, July 23, 2018
Senate.gov, Vote 34, Feb. 15, 2018
Senate.gov, Vote 119, July 6, 2016
Senate.gov, Vote 318, Dec. 3, 2015
Senate.gov, Vote 280, Oct. 20, 2015
Senate.gov, H.R.3004 - Kate's Law, June 22, 2017
Courthouse News, Case 2:17-cv-03894-MMB, June 6, 2018
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