Stand up for facts and support PolitiFact.
Now is your chance to go on the record as supporting trusted, factual information by joining PolitiFact’s Truth Squad. Contributions or gifts to PolitiFact, which is part of the 501(c)(3) nonprofit Poynter Institute, are tax deductible.
I would like to contribute
A new national ad sponsored by Future 45, a pro-President Donald Trump Super PAC, claims that voting for any Democrat will result in chaos.
"The screaming. The violence. The smears. And death threats. The far left moving to socialism. Undefended open borders. Immediate tax increases. 100 percent government-run health care. The booming economy, stopped. Nancy Pelosi, back in power. Gridlock. And then, impeachment. Is that really what you want? Voting for any Democrat gets you all of that."
The sweeping statements, paired with images of protests and a burning flag, are intended to frighten. But the ad distorts the platforms of most Democratic candidates running in the 2018 election.
"This is wild and over-the-top exaggeration and hyperbole," said Norm Ornstein, a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. "Outlandish is the nicest way of putting it."
Future 45 did not respond to multiple requests for comment.
Republicans have used the socialist label to attack Democrats over policies for decades. It has become a common, but still false, motif during the 2018 midterms.
Running for U.S. Senate, Florida Gov. Rick Scott called Democratic incumbent, Bill Nelson, a socialist: We rated that Pants on Fire. We rated as False a claim from Republican Ron DeSantis that Andrew Gillum has a "far left socialist platform" akin to Venezuela. The claim that U.S. Sen. Sherrod Brown of Ohio is fond of communism also rated False.
The narrowest definition of socialism is where the state owns all the means of production, said Eduardo Gamarra, a political science professor at Florida International University. That’s not what any Democrat is running on.
That resonates with the systems in place in Canada or Europe; not Venezuela or Cuba.
Even the programs that may be labeled as socialist carry broad support, like Social Security, "which has secured bipartisan support for over 70 years," Gamarra said.
This attack is misleading because Medicare for All doesn’t call for a fully government-run health care system. It’s a gross exaggeration to claim all Democrats support the measure.
Medicare for All is the most fundamental change to the health insurance system among the proposals put forth by Democrats in Congress, according to Tricia Neuman, senior vice president of the Kaiser Family Foundation. Sanders’ bill has 16 Democratic co-sponsors and similar legislation in the House has 123 co-sponsors.
But Peter Dreier, a political theorist at Occidental College, said Medicare for All does not fit the bill of socialism.
"In Medicare for All, private providers, private doctors, nurses and hospitals will provide the health care," Dreier said. "The government will provide the insurance, which is what Medicare is now."
Other senators have introduced similar, though less sweeping, bills to provide a Medicare buy-in through the marketplace or for older individuals who have not yet hit 65.
There are no "immediate" tax increases on the horizon.
Most Democrats have called for changing or repealing parts of last year's tax cut.
In March, Senate Democrats unveiled a plan to finance infrastructure projects by rolling back parts of the law. Senators Chuck Schumer of New York, Bernie Sanders of Vermont, Debbie Stabenow of Michigan, Maria Cantwell of Washington and Bill Nelson of Florida presented the blueprint.
The plan calls for increased taxes for corporations and the rich as well as cutting the carried interest loophole that benefits some money managers, while repealing or reforming the cap on state and local tax deductions (which would be a cut).
But the proposal is unlikely to go anywhere soon.
"Whoever wins control in November, there is still Republican President Trump in the White House," said Steve Ellis, vice president of Taxpayers for Common Sense. "So even in the unlikely event that both chambers flip to Democrats, they won't be able to do anything ‘immediate’ regarding taxes."
Congressional Democratic leaders have called for a restructuring of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency, but no one has called for immigrants to freely cross the border. A few Democrats seem to want the agency shuttered, but others talk of restructuring or a new focus.
Schumer and House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi have called for reforms to ICE.
Rep. Mark Pocan, of Wisconsin, said he planned to introduce legislation to abolish ICE, because the Trump administration had "so misused ICE that the agency can no longer accomplish its goals effectively."
But that’s hardly all Democrats, and it’s not a call for open borders.
"I don’t support open borders, I don’t know any Democrat who supports open borders," Pocan said in a June 30 Twitter video. "In fact, ICE doesn’t operate at the borders. The Customs and Border Protection operates at the borders. So anyone who says that, is either ill-informed or outright lying."
Future 45 said voting for "any Democrat" gets you "socialism ... undefended open borders ... immediate tax increases ... 100% government run health care ..."
The Democratic Party is a tent that houses a wide variety of views. Some candidates are self-proclaimed socialists, but even their platforms don’t fit the narrow definition of traditional socialism. Some, not all, support expansions of Medicare, but that would not qualify as 100 percent government-run health care.
These and other policies may raise taxes, but immediate tax increases are unlikely under a Republican president. The tax increases on the table mostly target the rich and corporations.
And finally, Congressional Democratic leaders have called for a restructuring of ICE, but no candidate has called for undefended open borders.
The ad cherry-picks extreme positions and suggests all Democrats support them. That is false and ridiculous. We rate this statement Pants on Fire.
Kaiser Family Foundation, Public Opinion on Single-Payer, National Health Plans, and Expanding Access to Medicare Coverage
Kaiser Family Foundation, Medicare-for-All and Public Plan Buy-In Proposals: Overview and Key Issues, Oct. 9, 2018
UPI, Democrats unveil $1T infrastructure plan, funded by cuts to tax overhaul, March 7, 2018
Senate Democrats, Jobs and infrastructure plan for America's workers, March 7, 2018
New York Times, One-Third of Democratic Senators Support Bernie Sanders’s Single-Payer Plan, Sept. 13, 2017
PolitiFact, Donald Trump falsely claims there's an 'open borders bill' backed by Democrats, Oct. 8, 2018
PolitiFact, Gov. Rick Scott's Pants on Fire statement that Sen. Bill Nelson is a socialist, Sept. 27, 2018
PolitiFact, No, Florida's Andrew Gillum does not have a far left socialist platform, Sept. 6, 2018
PolitiFact, Ohio Republican wrongly says Sherrod Brown likes communism, Feb. 20, 2018
PolitiFact, 'Abolish ICE' movement is growing. Is the agency's disbanding likely?, July 3, 2018
PolitiFact, Ron DeSantis leaves out context in claim that Andrew Gillum wants to abolish ICE, Sept. 11, 2018
Phone interview with Peter Dreier, political theorist at Occidental College, Oct. 24, 2018
Phone interview with Tricia Neuman, senior vice president of the Kaiser Family Foundation, Oct. 24, 2018
Email interview with Craig Palosky, communications director at the Kaiser Family Foundation, Oct. 23, 2018
Email interview with Merike Blofield, a political science professor at Miami University, Oct. 23, 2018
Phone interview with Eduardo Gamarra, a political science professor at Florida International University, Oct. 23, 2018
Email interview with Steve Ellis, vice president of Taxpayers for Common Sense, Oct. 24, 2018
Email interview with Norm Ornstein, resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, Oct. 24, 2018
Email interview with Larry Sabato, director of the Center for Politics at the University of Virginia, Oct. 24, 2018
Read About Our Process
In a world of wild talk and fake news, help us stand up for the facts.