Stand up for facts and support PolitiFact.
Now is your chance to go on the record as supporting trusted, factual information by joining PolitiFact’s Truth Squad. Contributions or gifts to PolitiFact, which is part of the 501(c)(3) nonprofit Poynter Institute, are tax deductible.
I would like to contribute
If Your Time is short
Rep. Kevin McCarthy called the novel coronavirus “the Chinese coronavirus,” causing some lawmakers to call for him to aplogize for what they described as a racist, xenophobic tweet
Some said McCarthy’s words perpetuate stereotypes against Asian-Americans and could be dangerous
McCarthy responded to the backlash saying he stands by his description
GOP House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy of Bakersfield is facing calls this week to apologize for and delete a tweet in which he called the novel coronavirus "the Chinese coronavirus," a description some say is racist and xenaphobic.
COVID-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus, was first identified in Wuhan, the capital of China’s Hubei province. It has since spread to more than 100 countries and affects all races and ethnicities.
With controversy around his tweet growing, McCarthy said on Tuesday he stands by his description, adding "Democrats are trying to score political points by calling Republicans racist."
PolitiFact California examined McCarthy’s statement, the reaction to it and what some say are its potentially dangerous consequences.
What Did Rep. Kevin McCarthy Say?
McCarthy sent out his tweet March 8 linking to a U.S. Centers for Disease Control website on the coronavirus.
It reads: "Everything you need to know about the Chinese coronavirus can be found on one, regularly-updated website:"
What Was The Reaction?
Some lawmakers, including members of the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus [CAPAC], labeled it disrespectful and threatening.
"Your words are so hurtful. We may be of different parties but people depend on all of us to be compassionate & effective leaders. Asian Americans - from kids to seniors are getting attacked bc of this exact type of rhetoric. Do better - please - i implore you. Lives are at stake," Rep. Grace Meng, a Democrat from New York responded on Twitter.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi tweeted that "bigoted statements which spread misinformation and blame Asians and the Asian American community" for coronavirus "make us all less safe." She called on McCarthy to "delete this tweet and apologize immediately."
This is not the first time lawmakers have raised similar concerns. CAPAC sent a letter to every member of Congress last month asking them "not to stoke xenophobia or spread misinformation," about the novel coronavirus, according to the group’s press release.
Rep. Judy Chu, D-Los Angeles, for example, urged McCarthy to "listen to the advice of actual experts and only refer to COVID-19 by its official names."
The group’s letter cited "the rise in racial prejudice and violent attacks against Asian Americans in the aftermath of the COVID-19 outbreak."
Following McCarthy’s tweet, this week leaders from CAPAC —, along with the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, Congressional Black Caucus, Congressional Native American Caucus, and Congressional Progressive Caucus — all called on the congressman to apologize. They also urged GOP Rep. Paul Gosar of Arizona to apologize for calling the virus the "Wuhan Virus."
How Did McCarthy Respond To The Backlash?
McCarthy responded to the criticism with another tweet on March 10.
"Here we go again.→ Democrats are trying to score political points by calling Republicans racist.
Coronavirus is a China-born disease—made worse by a Communist Party that rejected America's help to contain it.
Which is why Dems & media called it "Chinese coronavirus" for weeks."
To support his last claim, McCarthy showed images of news headlines from The Washington Post and The New York Times that included the phrase "Chinese Coronavirus" or "Wuhan Coronavirus."
The headlines did, in fact, include those phrases. The Times articles, however, are from January, before some news outlets moved away from the terms over concerns about the stigma they carry. The Post article is from late February and no longer includes the description.
McCarthy also pointed to a hearing on Feb. 5 by a Democratic-controlled House subcommittee, titled: The Wuhan Coronavirus: Assessing the Outbreak, the Response, and Regional Implications.
‘The Virus Can Affect All People’
Sacramento State professor of Ethnic Studies Timothy Fong said McCarthy’s words, if the congressman does not disavow them, have the potential to perpetuate hostility against Asian Americans.
"I can see why people are calling for an apology," Fong said. "There’s a great amount of fear, anxiety and concern around the coronavirus. It really is a time for us to support one another and not divide people. The virus can affect all people, not just one group."
Some defended McCarthy’s statement, saying viruses are named after their location of origin, pointing to the Spanish flu and West Nile virus. But while the Spanish flu, which killed 50 million people a century ago, was first reported by a national Spanish newspaper, it "didn’t originate in Spain .... Even today, experts aren’t certain where the outbreak originated," according to an article by NPR’s Science Friday. Meanwhile, the West Nile Virus was named after a district in Uganda where it was first isolated in 1937, according to a World Health Organization fact sheet.
Fong, the ethic studies professor, said political leaders who label the novel coronavirus "the Chinese coronavirus" ignore past stereotypes and hostility against Asian Americans. "It’s dangerous when they don’t recognize the problem it creates."
Earlier this month, NPR documented some of the anti-Asian discrimination that has followed the spread of the virus.
The World Health Organization warns against naming new diseases for geographic locations, including countries, the San Francisco Chronicle reported. According to WHO guidelines, the advice is intended, in part, to "avoid causing offense to any cultural, social, national, regional, professional or ethnic groups."
Earlier this week, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s director, Robert Redfield, told a House committee that referring to the virus as the "Chinese coronavirus" is inappropriate.
Rep. Nancy Pelosi, tweet, March 10, 2020
Rep. Grace Meng, tweet, March 9, 2020
Rep. Carol Miller, tweet, March 10, 2020
San Francisco Chronicle, House GOP leader Kevin McCarthy stands by ‘Chinese coronavirus’ tweet, March 10, 2020
Timothy Fond, professor of ethnic studies, Sacramento State University, phone interview March 11, 2020
World Health Organization, West Nile Virus fact sheet, accessed March 2020
Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus, press release, March 10, 2020
CapRadio, Sacramento Asian American Communities Wary Of Potential Coronavirus-Related Xenophobia, Feb. 28, 2020
The New York Times, Japan and Thailand Confirm New Cases of Chinese Coronavirus, Jan. 15, 2020
The New York Times, First Patient With Wuhan Coronavirus Is Identified in the U.S., Jan. 21, 20120
The Washington Post, First U.S. death confirmed; travel restrictions announced affecting Iran, Italy and South Korea in response to coronavirus, Feb. 29, 2020
U.S. House of Representatives, Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific and Nonproliferation (Committee on Foreign Affairs) Hearing: The Wuhan Coronavirus: Assessing the Outbreak, the Response, and Regional Implications, Feb. 5, 2020
Science Friday, The Origin Of The Name ‘Spanish Flu’, Jan. 29, 2020