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Rep. Liz Cheney, R-Wyo., speaks to reporters after House Republicans voted to oust her from her leadership post as chair of the House Republican Conference on May 12, 2021. (AP) Rep. Liz Cheney, R-Wyo., speaks to reporters after House Republicans voted to oust her from her leadership post as chair of the House Republican Conference on May 12, 2021. (AP)

Rep. Liz Cheney, R-Wyo., speaks to reporters after House Republicans voted to oust her from her leadership post as chair of the House Republican Conference on May 12, 2021. (AP)

Amy Sherman
By Amy Sherman May 14, 2021
Miriam Valverde
By Miriam Valverde May 14, 2021

If Your Time is short

  • House GOP leadership voted to remove Rep. Liz Cheney from her leadership post. She has dismissed Trump’s false claims of a fraudulent election and has blamed him for inciting the Jan. 6 Capitol riot.

  • State and county GOP groups have rebuked members of Congress who voted to impeach and convict Trump.

  • Republican groups have also condemned some state Republican politicians who challenged Trump’s falsehoods about the election.

The Republican Party’s crusade to enforce allegiance to former President Donald Trump claimed its most high-profile victim this week when Rep. Liz Cheney, Wyoming’s reliably conservative congresswoman and its sole representative in the House, was stripped of her leadership position in a swift voice vote.

Her ouster provides a fresh answer to the question: Just how far will the GOP go to defend Trump and advance the falsehood that he was cheated out of re-election?

The party has been making similar moves across the country. From county party organizations to Capitol Hill now, Republicans have repeatedly subjected their elected officials to a Trump loyalty test, centered around affirmations of support for the former president and his bogus claim.

Those who refuse to swear by Trump and his "Big Lie" about the election result face heckling, censure, demotion and character assassination from the party’s grass roots. On the other hand, those who objected to the certification of the election or advanced the falsehoods are being left alone or elevated.

So while Cheney is out of favor, Georgia congresswoman Marjorie Taylor Greene, a confrontational freshman Republican who wears a "Trump Won" face mask, remains a member of the GOP caucus in good standing. Rep. Elise Stefanik of New York, a Trump loyalist who supported a failed effort to have the Supreme Court void Biden’s victory, is taking Cheney’s place.

The claim that the 2020 election was marred by fraud or irregularities flies in the face of all available evidence and the full range of constitutional processes that validated and certified the results. Those results included Joe Biden’s victory in the presidential race by about 7 million votes, but also significant gains for Republicans in the House and the re-election of several senior GOP senators.

Nonetheless, along with fealty to Trump, the claim has now become a piece of Republican orthodoxy, a pillar of the party platform. And the party that once celebrated a so-called 11th Commandment — "Thou shalt not speak ill of any Republican" — is cracking down on its dissidents with fervor.

Party stalwarts such as Sen. Mitt Romney of Utah, the 2012 presidential nominee, and Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp have been scolded by local GOP groups, along with state election officials who had a role in certifying the 2020 results.

"As much as they are touting the ‘big tent’ party, it's clear you are not welcome unless you are willing to push the big lie and unless you are willing to fall in line with what the former president believes," said Olivia Troye, director of the Republican Accountability Project and a former homeland security and counterrorism adviser to former Vice President Mike Pence.

This week, more than 100 Republicans, including some former elected officials, signed a letter threatening to create a third party if the GOP doesn’t move away from Trump, although it didn’t name him.

"Our nation’s future should not be dictated by a single person but by principles that bind us together," the letter states. "That’s why we believe in pushing for the Republican Party to rededicate itself to founding ideals — or else hasten the creation of an alternative."

Fraud claims aren’t true, but they’re popular

One reason Republican leaders have leaned into the falsehood is that Trump remains a central figure for the party, with proven ability to rally supporters and raise funds. Kevin McCarthy, the House GOP leader who helped engineer Cheney’s demotion, is under pressure to deliver for the GOP in next year’s midterm elections. His strategy? Loyalty to Trump.

The fraud claims also undergird state-level Republican campaigns to pass new voting laws that in various ways restrict mail and absentee voting, which were popular with Democrats in 2020. After the election, Republicans aggressively sold these policies as "making it easier to vote and harder to cheat." But voting was already easy enough to produce record turnout in 2020 — in the midst of a pandemic — and there was no evidence of widespread cheating.

One other reason for perpetuating the claims: Republican voters appear to believe them.

Following a torrent of misinformation before and after the election — Trump and his allies have continued to flog false claims more than six months later — a broad swath of Republicans have told pollsters that they do not believe Joe Biden legitimately won the election.

While the rebukes of Republicans by county or state groups are largely symbolic, they serve as a warning that dissidents could face competitive primaries against Trump loyalists or tight general election races in battleground states.

Supporters cheer and wave as former president Donald Trump is introduced at the Conservative Political Action Conference, Feb. 28, 2021, in Orlando, Fla. (AP)
Cheney demoted from Republican leadership role

Cheney’s May 12 ouster as the House Republican conference chair — the third-highest Republican position in the House — shows how the party is coalescing around the false stolen-election narrative at the national level. 

A previous effort to boot Cheney from the leadership failed in February, but the clouds had been gathering over her ever since she came out strongly in favor of impeaching Trump over his role in the Jan. 6 riot, drawing a censure from the Wyoming Republican Party.

A May 5 op-ed she wrote for the Washington Post — in which she pleaded with Republicans to abandon the falsehood that Trump was cheated out of reelection — appeared to seal her fate.

"The 2020 presidential election was not stolen," Cheney had tweeted days earlier. "Anyone who claims it was is spreading THE BIG LIE, turning their back on the rule of law, and poisoning our democratic system."

Cheney has steadfastly refused to accept Trump’s false claims of a fraudulent election and has blamed him for inciting the violent mob that stormed the Capitol on Jan. 6 as Congress certified the results of the presidential election. (Even as the riot raged, Trump was repeating his claims.) She is one of 10 House Republicans who voted to impeach Trump after the insurrection.

McCarthy said during a May 4 interview on Fox News that the movement to oust Cheney wasn’t driven by her impeachment vote. Instead, McCarthy said that he had heard from members concerned about Cheney’s ability "to carry out the job as conference chair, to carry out the message."

McCarthy and Trump endorsed Stefanik as Cheney’s replacement.

Censures and rejections after challenging Trump

Meanwhile, Republican leaders at the state and county levels have for several months been admonishing members of Congress for breaking party ranks on Trump’s impeachment.

In Ohio, Republicans censured Rep. Anthony Gonzalez for voting to impeach Trump after the insurrection and called for his resignation. Party leaders claimed that Gonzalez had "betrayed his constituents" and "resorted to emotional conclusions that misplaced blame on President Trump."

Angered by Romney’s votes to convict Trump twice, Utah Republicans took a censure vote at a state convention earlier this month. The effort narrowly failed. But soon after, Weber County Republicans passed a resolution to censure him. Washington County Republicans had already done so in April.

Romney’s impeachment votes "hurt the Constitution and hurt the party," said Don Guymon, a Davis county delegate who supported the motion at the state gathering, according to the Salt Lake Tribune. The newspaper noted that Romney "drew a torrent of boos" when he spoke at the convention before the vote.

Sens. Richard Burr of North Carolina, Bill Cassidy of Louisiana, Susan Collins of Maine and Pat Toomey of Pennsylvania are among other lawmakers reprimanded by party groups for voting for Trump’s impeachment and conviction.

"My party’s leadership has chosen loyalty to one man over the core principles of the Republican Party and the founders of our great nation," Burr said in February after North Carolina’s Republican Party voted unanimously to censure him.

For Rep. Adam Kinzinger of Illinois, the backlash has come from county Republicans and his own family. On Jan. 7, the day after the insurrection, Kinzinger said that "for the sake of our democracy," the vice president and the Cabinet should invoke the 25th Amendment to remove Trump from office.

The next day, several of Kinzinger’s family members wrote in a letter that he had "embarrassed the Kinzinger family name!"

Rep. Adam Kinzinger, R-Ill., speaks to the media after Rep. Liz Cheney, R-Wyo., was ousted from her leadership role in the House Republican Conference, May 12, 2021. (AP)
Rebukes hit state and local officials

In 2020, Nevada Secretary of State Barbara Cegavske, a Republican, pushed back on election falsehoods promoted by Trump and his allies. This year, Nevada Republicans passed a resolution accusing her of making "dismissive" statements regarding "election integrity concerns."

Cegavske said her job was to carry out the duties of her office, "not carry water for the state GOP or put my thumb on the scale of democracy."

Other officials who have been rebuked or sidelined include:

  • Georgia’s Kemp: Some county GOP groups passed resolutions in April criticizing the governor for not backing Trump’s false claims about voter fraud. Some GOP activists also voted to condemn Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger, who concluded the election was fair and accurate and rejected Trump’s assertions.

  • Arizona Gov. Doug Ducey: State Republicans censured Ducey in January after he angered Trump and his allies by certifying that the state voted for Biden.

  • Iowa’s Scott County Republican Party Chairman Dave Millage: In January, Millage told the Quad City Times that Trump egged on the Capitol rioters and deserved to be impeached. Millage’s comments angered fellow Republicans, and he quickly resigned

Millage told PolitiFact he was shocked that Republicans attacked him for his comments about Trump.

"I thought everybody should have been appalled by his conduct," Millage said. "He was undermining our democracy."

John J. Pitney, Jr., a political scientist at Claremont McKenna College, told PolitiFact that there is no clear historical parallel to the way current House Republicans are rallying around a former president. Pitney left the GOP after Trump’s victory in 2016.

Both Bushes got plenty of pushback from congressional Republicans, Pitney said, but after they left office, they stopped trying to influence Republican politics.

"And congressional Republicans," he said, "simply stopped talking about them."

RELATED: Expelling, censuring, and reprimanding members of Congress: What you need to know

RELATED: Here’s why Georgia’s Republican officials are confident in their presidential election results

PolitiFact researcher Caryn Baird contributed to this article.

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Our Sources

AP, From loyalist to ‘traitor’; Iowa GOP stalwart, Jan. 31, 2021, The Trumpiest Republicans Are At The State And Local Levels — Not In D.C. Feb. 16, 2021

Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Grassroots fury at Kemp bubbles up in county GOP meetings around Georgia, APril 20, 2021

Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Backlash helping to unify Georgia Republicans, April 24, 2021

Georgia Public Radio, Longtime Democrat Vernon Jones Mounts GOP Primary Challenge To Gov. Brian Kemp, April 16, 2021

Politico, Party leaders rip Republicans who voted to convict Trump, Feb. 13, 2021

Heritage Action for America, Rep. Liz Cheney, Accessed Mah 12, 2021

Reuters, 'Rationals' vs. 'radicals': Anti-Trump Republicans threaten third party, May 11, 2021

Nevada Independent, Nevada Republicans vote to censure SOS Cegavske over voter fraud allegations, April 10, 2021

NPR, Arizona Republicans Censure Party Leaders At Odds With Trump, Jan. 23, 2021

John Pitney Jr. op-ed in USA Today, I was a Republican until Donald Trump hijacked my party, May 23, 2017

Quad City Times, Scott County GOP Chair calls for impeachment of Trump; Rock Island County Chair disagrees, Jan. 7, 2021

Quad City Times, Chair of Scott County Republican Party resigned Friday, Jan. 11, 2021

Fox5, Georgia GOP committees vote to censure Kemp, Raffensperger, April 19, 2021

U.S. Elections Project, Data on voting by mail, Accessed May 13, 2021

PolitiFact, Trump’s misleading claim about ballot signatures in Nevada, Oct. 28, 2020

PolitiFact, What Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene has said about election fraud, QAnon and other conspiracy theories, Feb. 12, 2021

Email interview, John J. Pitney, Jr., Claremont McKenna College professor of American politics, May 12, 2021

Telephone interview, Olivia Troye, director of the Republican Accountability Project, former homeland security and counterrorism advisor to Vice President Mike Pence, May 12, 2021

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The New York Times, McCarthy Officially Backs Stefanik to Replace Cheney in House Leadership, May 9, 2021

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The Salt Lake Tribune, Utah GOP state convention delegates defeat move to censure Sen. Mitt Romney, May 1, 2021; Washington County GOP scolds Romney over his votes to impeach Trump in ‘unconstitutional’ trial, April 12, 2021, updated April 14, 2021, Weber County republicans censure Sen. Mitt Romney, May 10, 2021

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The News & Observer, NC Republicans censure Burr for Trump guilty vote, previewing fight over GOP’s future, Feb. 15, 2021, updated Feb. 16, 2021, Republican Groups Censure Party Lawmakers Who Voted to Impeach, Convict Trump, Feb. 16, 2021

Republican Party of Louisiana, OFFICIAL: The LAGOP Executive Committee Unanimously Votes to Censure Senator Bill Cassidy, Feb. 13, 2021

The New York Times, Family letter to Rep. Adam Kinzinger, Feb. 15, 2021

CNN, House Republicans vote to keep Liz Cheney in leadership after she defends her impeachment vote, Feb. 3, 2021

PolitiFact, Using the 25th Amendment or impeaching Trump: Could they happen?, Jan. 7, 2021

Twitter, @RepKinzinger tweet, Jan. 7, 2021

Rockford Register Star, Second Illinois county votes to censure Adam Kinzinger over impeachment vote, Feb. 15, 2021

AP, Wyoming GOP censures Rep. Liz Cheney over impeachment vote, Feb. 6, 2021

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Twitter, @Liz_Cheney tweet, May 3, 2021

Bangor Daily News, Piscataquis GOP censures Susan Collins, saying she ‘continuously muddles her opinions’, May 4, 2021

News Center Maine, Aroostook County Republicans vote to censure Collins over Trump impeachment vote, March 24, 2021, updated March 25, 2021

The Morning Call, Lehigh County Republicans censure Sen. Pat Toomey for impeachment vote, March 10, 2021

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