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With the stroke of a pen, Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer catapulted herself into the national spotlight. On April 23, 2010, she signed into law what many call the toughest bill on illegal immigration in the country. The bill makes it a crime to stay in the country illegally, requires all aliens to carry immigration paperwork, and sanctions employers who knowingly hire illegal workers. Facing criticism that the law would legalize racial profiling, the Arizona Legislature modified the law on May 1, 2010. It now states that police officers cannot use race as the sole grounds for suspecting that someone is in the country illegally.
The law produced mixed reactions among political leaders. President Barack Obama commented that it threatened ''to undermine basic notions of fairness that we cherish as Americans, as well as the trust between police and our communities that is so crucial to keeping us safe.''
But some people argue that President Obama's reaction is unfounded, given that the majority of Americans actually supports Arizona's immigration law. During his May 27 show, talk host Glenn Beck said that "Sixty-four percent of Americans support the Arizona immigration law. Yet we're going to -- we're actually -- our government is going down there to fight them. Eric Holder is fighting them in court. They're becoming more and more brazen each and every day." Beck is referring to an announcement by Attorney General Eric Holder that the U.S. Department of Justice may challenge the law in court.
Given the public outrage over the law, is Beck correct that more than 6 in 10 Americans stand behind Arizona? We decided to find out.
The number that Beck cites comes from a Wall Street Journal/NBC poll that was conducted in early May. The poll found that 64 percent of Americans were either somewhat or strongly supportive of the law. There are other polls, however, that show a slightly different result.
• An April 27-28 Gallup poll found that of those Americans who have heard of the law, 51 percent support it. Among all Americans, 39 percent favor it, 30 percent oppose it, and 31 percent either had no opinion or have not heard of the law.
• A Pew Research Center poll conducted between May 6 and May 9 found that 59 percent approve of the law.
• A May 19-24 poll by the Quinnipiac University found 51 percent of American voters support the Arizona law. Moreover, 48 percent say that they want their state to pass an immigration law similar to Arizona's.
All of the polls that we've looked at show that more Americans favor the law than oppose it, but the numbers vary widely.
To recap. Glenn Beck said on his program that 64 percent of Americans support Arizona's new immigration law. That statistic, however, comes from a single poll. Other polls show slightly lower approval ratings. Still, his underlying point that most Americans agree with Arizona is correct. We rate this one Mostly True.
Glenn Beck, TV Show, May 27, 2010, (accessed via Lexis-Nexis).
Quinnipiac University, Arizona immigration law poll press release, June 1, 2010.
The Wall Street Journal, WSJ/NBC Poll: Hispanics Strongly Oppose Arizona Immigration Law, by Susan Davis, May 12, 2010.
The New York Times, Arizona Enacts Stringent Law on Immigration, by Randal Archibold, April 23, 2010.
CNN, What does Arizona's immigration law do?, April 23, 2010.
FOX News, White House, Democrats Applaud Mexican President Slamming Arizona Law, May 20, 2010.
FOX News, Brewer Says She's Ready for Potential Federal Court Challenge Over Immigration Law, June 2, 2010.
Gallup, More Americans Favor Than Oppose Arizona Immigration Law, by Jeffrey Jones, April 29, 2010.
The Pew Research Center, Broad Approval for New Arizona Immigration Law, May 12, 2010.
PBS News Hour, Arizona Immigration Law Has Broad Support Across U.S., New Polls Show, by Quinn Bowman, May 13, 2010.
NBC/Wall Street Journal, NBC/WSJ poll, May 16, 2010.
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