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Sen. Jeff Merkley appeared at the new Children’s Center in Clackamas County to raise awareness about an increase in child abuse and, according to his news release, to highlight "the correlation to the economic downturn."
"Even one case of child abuse or neglect is too many, and with the ongoing economic downturn, the numbers of Oregon children suffering from abuse is on the rise," said Merkley. "We must do everything in our power to reduce the number of children being abused and help provide sanctuary to those in need."
The Children’s Center received some federal money last year. And the visit was a good photo op for a freshman senator during a congressional break.
But at Politifact Oregon, we wondered if child abuse really is on the rise and if there is actually a cause-and-effect connection between child abuse and dismal economic times.
Merkley is correct about the increase: More Oregon children are suffering abuse and neglect.
The Oregon Department of Human Services reports that 11,090 children were victims of abuse or neglect last year, a 6.4 percent increase from 2008.
Population growth isn’t the only culprit behind the higher numbers. The state reports that the rate of abuse increased from 11.8 victims per 1,000 children to 12.5 per 1,000.
A check with the agency’s number-crunchers indicates the trend holds this year, with abuse reports up between 6 percent and 7 percent between July 2009 and July 2010. Though reports don’t always turn out to be confirmed cases, officials say they expect the number of child victims will rise again for 2010.
But is the increase because of high unemployment?
Merkley’s spokeswoman, Courtney Warner Crowell, said she hadn’t seen any research linking a rise in abuse to an economic downturn. But she said several people she’d talked to blamed the increase in child abuse on the economy.
But there isn’t any statistical evidence drawing a direct link between increased child abuse and a bad economy.
"We can’t say that factually and we can’t prove it," says Katharine Cahn, executive director of the Child Welfare Partnership at Portland State University.
The number of child abuse victims can rise, even in good times, Cahn says, simply because more people are reporting the abuse.
State stats do show alcohol and drug abuse, domestic violence and parental run-ins with police among the common stress factors that contribute to child abuse.
Cahn concedes that people do feel stressed and depressed when the economy goes bust and may drink or use drugs in an attempt to cope. And that, she says, may be the indirect tie to Oregon’s rising numbers.
So, it appears that while Oregon’s junior senator was right about the numbers of kids abused, the sour economy may not be deserve all the blame. We find the claim Mostly True.
Press Release, "Merkley Visits Clackamas Children’s Center to Raise Awareness of Increased Abuse and Neglect," Sept. 1, 2010.
Interview Merkley spokeswoman, Courtney Warner Crowell, Sept. 16, 2010
Oregon Department of Human Services, "The 2009 Child Welfare Data Book," February 2010.
Interview with Gene Evans, Oregon Department of Human Services spokesman, Sept. 16, 2010.
Interview with Katharine Cahn, executive director, Child Welfare Partnership, School of Social Work, Portland State University, Sept. 16, 2010
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