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On the heels of a cutthroat budget battle, a Democrat-backed group called One New Jersey entered the political scene in mid-July and quickly took aim at Republican Gov. Chris Christie.
In a July 20 press release, One New Jersey spokesman Joshua Henne said: "After nearly two years of Christie’s bluster, middle-class and working families are far worse-off than when he took office – with less jobs and higher property taxes."
For this Truth-O-Meter item, PolitiFact New Jersey is focusing on Henne’s claim that New Jersey has fewer jobs now than when Christie took office in January 2010.
After reviewing data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, we found that the number of non-farm jobs in New Jersey has fluctuated between growth and decline throughout Christie’s tenure. But when Henne made his statement, there was a net increase of jobs, federal data shows.
First, let’s explain how labor statistics are compiled.
Federal labor statistics are measured through two monthly surveys: household interviews and reports from public- and private-sector employers, commonly referred to as the payroll survey.
To support his claim, Henne referred us to household survey data. Those figures show a decrease of 12,266 employed persons in New Jersey between January 2010 and June 2011, according to seasonally adjusted data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
But there’s a major problem with Henne’s argument: he used the wrong survey to talk about jobs.
The household survey estimates employed persons, while the payroll survey estimates jobs. That’s a critical difference, especially since many Garden State residents work in neighboring states.
Now, let’s turn to the job growth estimates from the payroll survey.
When Christie became governor in January 2010, New Jersey had 3,852,600 non-farm jobs. Based on the payroll survey data publicly available at the time of Henne’s statement, New Jersey had 3,859,000 non-farm jobs in May 2011. Both figures were seasonally adjusted.
That represents an overall increase of 6,400 non-farm jobs. During that time period, New Jersey was split in terms of job growth on a month-to-month basis -- eight months saw job gains and eight months saw job losses, according to data publicly available at the time of Henne’s statement.
New Jersey experienced further non-farm job growth in June 2011, but Jay Meisenheimer, an economist with the Bureau of Labor of Statistics, said the job increases in New Jersey can’t be characterized in any particular direction. "It just looks like a flat trend," he said.
Stanford University economics professor Robert Hall agreed in an email that "the most you could say is that the change is around zero."
It’s worth noting that New Jersey’s numbers vary between government and private-sector workers.
Between January 2010 and May 2011, the number of government employees dropped by 24,700, while private-sector jobs increased by 31,100, according to seasonally adjusted figures publicly available at the time of Henne’s statement.
Those changes in private-sector employment are "the most appropriate indicator of what is happening in the NJ economy," according to Rutgers University professor Joseph Seneca.
Henne failed to respond to two questions about his use of the household survey to quantify jobs in New Jersey. "We stand by the fact that middle-class and working families took a hit when it comes to jobs. Because it is just that, a fact," Henne wrote in an email.
Before we issue our ruling, we should point out that although Henne blamed Christie for job losses, some economists said larger factors include individual job markets and the recession. That's also despite the fact that Christie often has taken credit for creating private-sector jobs.
"State policy is an element in job creation and destruction, but the overall condition of the job market in the industries in the state is the larger factor," R. Glenn Hubbard, dean of the Columbia University Business School, said in an email.
Where does all this leave us?
To support his claim that there are "less jobs" since Christie took office in January 2010, Henne cited the wrong set of data. The data used to measure jobs shows a slight increase since Christie became governor, even though some economists said the growth is mainly flat.
But New Jersey also has seen an increase in private-sector jobs -- a measure considered by a Rutgers professor to appropriately reflect the state of the economy. Beyond crediting or blaming Christie, economists said other factors include the recession and individual job markets.
We rate the statement False.
To comment on this ruling, go to NJ.com.
One New Jersey,Christie Poll Numbers Dropping...Just Ask The People Who Know, July 20, 2011
The Star-Ledger,N.J. Democrats unveil nonprofit group to promote agenda, collect anonymous donations, July 19, 2011
Email interviews with Joshua Henne, One New Jersey, July 25 and 27, 2011
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,State and Area Employment, Hours, and Earnings search page, accessed July 2011
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,Local Area Unemployment Statistics search page, accessed July 2011
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,Regional and State Employment and Unemployment -- May 2011, June 17, 2011
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,Regional and State Employment and Unemployment -- June 2011, July 22, 2011
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,Employment, Hours, and Earnings from the Establishment Survey, accessed July 2011
New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, Employment Levels Essentially Unchanged in May, June 16, 2011
New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development,Private Sector Job Growth Continued in June Adding 6,400 Jobs, July 21, 2011
New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development,Seasonally adjusted statewide nonagricultural wage and salary employment, accessed July 2011
New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development,New Jersey Nonagricultural Wage & Salary Employment: 1990 to 2010 (Seasonally Adjusted), accessed July 2011
Email interview with R. Glenn Hubbard,Columbia University Business School, July 25, 2011
Interview with Jay Meisenheimer,U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, July 26, 2011
Interview with Allan Meltzer,Carnegie Mellon University, July 26, 2011
Email interview with Joseph Seneca,Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers University, July 26-27, 2011
Email interview with Robert Hall,Stanford University, July 26, 2011
Phone and email interviews with Doug Hall,Economic Policy Institute, July 26-27, 2011
U.S. Census Bureau,Commuting Characteristics by Sex, accessed July 27, 2011
Interview with Stacey Standish,U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, July 28, 2011
Interview with Kerri Gatling,New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, July 28, 2011
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