Stand up for facts and support PolitiFact.
Now is your chance to go on the record as supporting trusted, factual information by joining PolitiFact’s Truth Squad. Contributions or gifts to PolitiFact, which is part of the 501(c)(3) nonprofit Poynter Institute, are tax deductible.
I would like to contribute
In a round of interviews following the Wisconsin Senate recall elections, the Republican Party’s national chairman framed the results as a clear victory for Gov. Scott Walker.
Republicans lost two seats but retained Senate control, despite a major -- and expensive -- effort from Democrats and their supporters.
RNC Chairman Reince Priebus said on MSNBC’s The Daily Rundown on Aug. 18, 2011 that the results show Walker shouldn’t worry about the left trying to recall him in 2012. He argued voters stood with Walker in the face of the challenge by public employee unions outraged over his changes that curtailed collective bargaining for most government workers.
And he put a number on the union’s effort.
"I don’t think he should be worried at all, and if the public employee unions want to flush another $30 million down the toilet, and then allow Scott Walker to be even stronger and win a recall election … then they should go ahead and do it, because the $30 million they flushed down the toilet will be $30 million they don’t have for other races. So, hey, go for it."
Thirty million -- that’s a pile of money.
Especially if that’s just what unions spent on the races.
An RNC spokesman told us Priebus -- the former Wisconsin GOP chairman -- actually was referring not just to labor unions, but to any spending on the pro-Democrat side.
"Analysis from our political folks in Wisconsin suggests that when all is said and done, pro-Democrat groups will have spent between $20 (million) and $30 million on their failed effort to win a majority in the state Senate," said Ryan Mahoney of the RNC.
Of course, Priebus on MSNBC limited his claim to the public unions -- and said a flat $30 million. So there are already problems with his claim.
We’ll focus on what Priebus said on MSNBC, but also take a quick look at spending by both sides.
Asked for backup for his claim, the RNC sent us dozens of links to media accounts of the disclosed spending in the recalls.
Priebus, like reporters, based his arithmetic on what is publicly known about spending in the nine races. That’s notable. Under state and federal laws, millions of dollars in campaign spending by various political groups goes unreported, but Priebus isn’t suggesting he has inside information about that. He’s citing the information that is publicly released.
That -- and a decision by labor groups to collectively work through a political action committee, We Are Wisconsin, that has to publicly account for its spending -- makes our math easier.
A coalition of national, state and local labor groups funded most of the activities of We Are Wisconsin. The national AFL-CIO was most prominent, followed by various teachers unions; the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees; the Service Employees International Union, and many others.
We Are Wisconsin was by far the major player on the pro-Democrat side, spending nearly $10.8 million through election day, according to official figures reported to the state.
Several teachers unions and miscellaneous small unions separately spent about $1 million more.
So that’s a total of about $11.8 million, far short of $30 million.
Let’s look at this another way, and compare our numbers with those of other organizations that track campaign spending.
We looked at links between We Are Wisconsin and other major liberal groups active in the election. If you stretch the union label to include groups that got direct financial support from We Are Wisconsin, you could count at least another $2.2 million.
So that would get you to $14 million in union-linked money.
Meanwhile, two organizations have produced comprehensive scorecards of left vs. right spending in the nine recall contests. They base their numbers on official campaign reports filed with the state Government Accountability Board.
The John K. MacIver Institute for Public Policy, a conservative think tank in Wisconsin, produced an elaborate flow chart of pro-Dem spending – including unions but also "national and state liberal groups."
MacIver’s definition, then, was broader than Priebus’ "union" claim.
Still, its total tops out at about $15.2 million, or roughly half of what Priebus claimed.
The most prominent campaign-spending tracker is the Wisconsin Democracy Campaign, a nonprofit that advocates for transparency in campaign spending. It’s allied with a coalition of left-leaning groups, including several unions.
Its total for pro-Democrat spending by groups: $15.1 million.
Again, $15 million is far short of $30 million.
None of these figures include spending by the candidates themselves.
The candidate spending was dwarfed by the outside groups, but still amounted to about $2.5 million by all the Democrats in the recall elections, according to our tabulations of reports filed with the state Accountability Board.
So, even if you include candidate spending -- which Priebus didn’t -- the pro-Dem total is only about $17.6 million.
That’s the pro-Dem side. What about the pro-GOP side?
Looking just at the publicly disclosed money, Republican candidates and pro-GOP groups spent about $3.5 million compared to the $17.6 million on the other side, according to official figures compiled by the Democracy Campaign.
That’s a big mismatch -- but there’s a big caveat.
Several prominent pro-Republican groups -- including the biggest player on that side, the Wisconsin Club for Growth -- were set up in way that doesn’t require disclosure of millions of dollars in spending on TV ads and other activities. To a much lesser extent, pro-Democrat groups did the same.
The Democracy Campaign estimates that undisclosed spending by groups could equal the publicly reported figures. But that’s an educated guess at amounts of undisclosed spending.
The bottom line: Nobody really knows how the undisclosed numbers break down.
So we -- and Priebus -- were left with the publicly reported numbers.
Priebus claimed public-employee unions poured $30 million into the state Senate recalls in Wisconsin.
But the publicly disclosed spending reports that he cites -- by our account as well as groups affiliated with the left and right -- put total spending by pro-Democrat groups at $15 million or less. And that includes campaigning by liberal groups not connected to unions. Based on available information, even if he meant to say all pro-Democratic spending he was way off.
We rate his claim False.
MSNBC The Daily Rundown, video of interview with Reince Priebus, Aug. 18, 2011
MSNBC, video of Contessa Brewer interview with Reince Priebus, Aug. 10, 2011
Wisconsin Democracy Campaign, independent expenditures in 2011 recalls, accessed Aug. 24, 2011
Government Accountability Board, Wisconsin Campaign Finance Information System, accessed Aug. 24, 2011
MacIver Institute, Liberal Recall Money Matrix, August 2011
Interviews with Ryan Mahoney, regional press secretary, Republican National Committee, Aug. 24-25, 2011
Interview with Jay Heck, executive director, Wisconsin Common Cause, Aug. 24, 2011
Interview with Brett Healy, president, MacIver Institute for Public Policy, Aug. 24, 2011
Interviews with Reid Magney, Government Accountability Board spokesman, Aug. 24-5, 2011
Interview with Kevin Kennedy, Government Accountability Board director, Aug. 25, 2011
Interview with Mike McCabe, executive director, Wisconsin Democracy Campaign, Aug. 24, 2011
Interviews with Mike Buelow, research director, and David Julseth, data analyst, Wisconsin Democracy Campaign, Aug. 24-25, 2011
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Recall elections awash in outside spending," July 29, 2011
Green Bay Press-Gazette, "Spending in state senate recall races was ‘off the charts,’" Aug. 21, 2011
Read About Our Process
In a world of wild talk and fake news, help us stand up for the facts.