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"Neither the president nor his campaign staff or aides will fundraise for super PACs."
— President Barack Obama campaign spokesman Ben LaBolt, July 9, 2011
"Senior campaign officials as well as some White House and Cabinet officials will attend and speak at (super PAC) Priorities USA fundraising events."
— President Barack Obama campaign manager Jim Messina, Feb. 6, 2012
A fundraising decision by President Barack Obama’s campaign in February 2012 prompted news headlines on the "reversal" and a Republican Web video on a "failed promise."
We figured it was time to crank up the Flip-O-Meter.
Here’s the question: Did the Obama campaign change its stance on fundraising for super PACs?
These new political action committees weren’t an option in 2008. Super PACs grew from a federal court case in 2010, SpeechNow.org vs. Federal Election Commission. The decision allows super PACs to raise unlimited amounts of money to independently advocate for candidates. (Traditional PACs have contribution limits.) Like traditional PACs, they must disclose their donors to the election commission but may not donate directly to candidates and may not coordinate directly with campaigns.
Now there are 313 of them, according to the Center for Responsive Politics, that have raised nearly $99 million. They’ve spent $45 million in the 2012 campaign cycle as of Feb. 7, 2012.
That’s not including cash raised by other kinds of advocacy groups that spend money to affect elections, which include 527s and some 501(c)s. The 527s, for example, may spend unlimited contributions on voter mobilization and issues without filing disclosure reports with the FEC.
The president has railed against such unlimited fundraising and spending, especially by organizations that are not required to disclose their spending or donors. He also specifically opposed a January 2010 Supreme Court decision, Citizens United vs. Federal Election Commission, that paved the way for super PACs by preventing the government from restricting independent political spending by corporations and unions.
Two notable examples were Obama’s 2010 State of the Union speech and comments at a Democratic rally in Philadelphia before the 2010 midterm elections.
2010 State of the Union:
"With all due deference to separation of powers, last week the Supreme Court reversed a century of law that I believe will open the floodgates for special interests — including foreign corporations — to spend without limit in our elections. I don't think American elections should be bankrolled by America's most powerful interests, or worse, by foreign entities. They should be decided by the American people. And I'd urge Democrats and Republicans to pass a bill that helps to correct some of these problems."
Moving America Forward rally:
"At the end of the day, Philly, whether the Republicans get the keys back or not is going to depend on you. There is no question — there’s no question the other side sees a chance to get back in the driver’s seat.
"And thanks to a Supreme Court decision called Citizens United, they are being helped along this year by special interest groups that are spending unlimited amounts of money on attack ads ... just attacking people without ever disclosing who’s behind all these attack ads. You don’t know. It could be the oil industry. It could be the insurance industry. It could even be foreign-owned corporations. You don’t know because they don’t have to disclose.
"Now, that’s not just a threat to Democrats — that’s a threat to our democracy."
Advocacy groups spent furiously against Democrats in the midterm elections, but still the Obama campaign remained resolute, even in November 2011, as groups supporting Republicans vying to unseat him in November raised millions.
The Boston Globe reported this statement from a spokesman in July 2011:
"Neither the president nor his campaign staff or aides will fundraise for super PACs," said spokesman Ben LaBolt. "Our campaign will continue to lead the way when it comes to transparency and reform — refusing contributions from Washington lobbyists and PACs and disclosing the names of donors who are fundraising for the campaign."
But on Feb. 6, 2012, the president’s re-election campaign, with Obama’s support, decided to lend a hand to a pro-Obama super PAC, Priorities USA Action.
Obama campaign manager Jim Messina explained the decision in a blog post titled, "We will not play by two sets of rules." Super PACs affiliated with Republican presidential candidates, he said, have spent more than $40 million on television and radio over the last few months, almost all of it for negative ads.
(Priorities USA Action, on the other hand, has raised just $4.4 million, spending less than $400,000 so far, according to the Center on Responsive Politics.)
"With so much at stake, we can't allow for two sets of rules in this election whereby the Republican nominee is the beneficiary of unlimited spending and Democrats unilaterally disarm," he wrote.
So the campaign will now "support" Priorities USA, he said, by sending senior campaign officials, and some White House and Cabinet officials, to speak at super PAC fundraisers.
Messina said Obama still supports a law to force "full disclosure of all funding intended to influence our elections," and favors limits on special interest spending, "by constitutional amendment, if necessary."
Messina also drew a distinction between the campaign’s super PAC fundraiser participation and soliciting funds:
"While campaign officials may be appearing at events to amplify our message, these folks won't be soliciting contributions for Priorities USA. I should also note that the president, vice president, and first lady will not be a part of this effort; their political activity will remain focused on the president's campaign."
While there may be a formal line campaign officials won’t cross, we see a distinction without a difference. Would the average person consider a campaign or White House official speaking at a fundraiser "fundraising," whether or not the speaker directly asked for money? We think so.
We don’t take a position on the merits of a flip. We’re just interested in whether a person’s position has changed. In this case, Obama and his campaign have gone from refusing to fundraise for super PACs to declaring that senior officials will attend and speak at Priorities USA fundraising events. We respect that the president himself won’t participate, and that he still plans to fight the role of special interest money in campaigns, but that’s a major reversal of position, and we rate it a Full Flop.
Jim Messina, campaign manager with Obama for America, "We Will Not Play by Two Sets of Rules," Feb. 6, 2012
Email interview with Kara Carscaden, deputy press secretary for Obama for America, Feb. 7, 2012
Republican National Committee, "RNC Rapid Response Web Video: "A ‘Super’ Failed Promise," Feb. 7, 2012
Center for Responsive Politics, "Super PACs," accessed Feb. 7, 2012
Center for Responsive Politics, "Types of Advocacy Groups," accessed Feb. 7, 2012
White House, "Remarks by the President in State of the Union Address," Jan. 27, 2010
Project VoteSmart, "Remarks by the President at DNC Event," Sept. 16, 2010
White House, "Remarks by the President and the Vice President at a DNC 'Moving America Forward' Rally in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania," Oct. 10, 2010
Project VoteSmart, "Remarks by the President at a DCCC Dinner," Oct. 26, 2010
New York Times, "Obama Ratchets Up Tone Against G.O.P.," Oct. 10, 2010
New York Times, "Obama Yields in Marshaling of ‘Super PAC,'" Feb. 6, 2012
POLITICO, "Obama super PAC decision: President blesses fundraising for Priorities USA Action," Feb. 6, 2012
Huffington Post, "President Obama Softens Super PAC Opposition," Feb. 6, 2012
Talking Points Memo, "Obama Campaign To Court Super PAC Cash They Loathe," Feb. 6, 2012
Wall Street Journal blog Washington Wire, "In a Shift, Obama Campaign Moves to Support Outside ‘Super PAC,’" Feb. 7, 2012
National Journal, "In Reversal, Obama Urging Super-PAC Donations," Feb. 7, 2012
The Slatest, "Obama Reverses Course, Gives Blessing to Super PAC," Feb. 7, 2012
The Hill, "Axelrod defends Obama's super-PAC decision," Feb. 7, 2012
DC Decoder, "Obama’s Super PAC decision: Against ‘em before he was for ‘em," Feb. 7, 2012
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