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U.S. Rep. Rush Holt said he can’t see the logic in opposing laws governing firearm safety when dozens of people die from gunfire every day.
On July 20, the day a 24-year-old man opened fire in an Aurora, Colo., movie theater killing 12 people and wounding 58 others, Holt, a Democrat, sent out an e-mail newsletter stating, "as we watch the news from Colorado with horror and sympathy for the families, we should remember that each day more than 80 Americans are killed by gunfire, unnecessary tragedies. Arguments that gun safety legislation won’t help the situation seem to me illogical or blindly ideological."
PolitiFact New Jersey found Holt’s statistic is relatively accurate, but only if suicides count as being "killed by gunfire."
PolitiFact National recently dug into a similar statement that had been posted on Facebook: "Nearly 100,000 people get shot every year. That's 270 people a day and 87 dead."
That claim landed at Mostly True on the Truth-O-Meter because the numbers were largely right but needed additional context. Saying "nearly 100,000 people get shot every year" suggests a person is being shot by someone else, but self-inflicted injuries represent a significant portion of that figure.
Holt’s statement takes the Facebook post a step further by tying the gun deaths statistic in with comments about the Colorado shooting, strengthening the impression that the number he cites represents Americans killed by a gun in the hands of someone other than themselves.
When suicides are removed from the count, the number of individuals killed by guns each day drops off steeply, we found.
The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tracks the causes of fatalities for residents of the United States. In 2009 -- the most recent data available -- 31,347 people died in firearm-related incidents.
Suicides represent nearly 60 percent (18,735) of those gun-related deaths, while homicides make up nearly 37 percent (11,493). The rest of the fatalities fall into three categories: unintentional (554), undetermined (232) or legal intervention/war (333).
Overall, about 86 people die daily across the nation in firearm-related incidents. That figure drops to roughly 35 people a day when suicides are eliminated from the count. About 32 people die daily in homicides.
We asked Thomas Seay, the congressman’s spokesman, to explain why Holt used a statistic increased significantly by suicides to make a point about gun safety legislation after a mass shooting.
Seay said in an e-mail that "you’re right to point out that gun deaths take many different forms. Gunfire kills people in mass shootings, as in the evil acts in Colorado. Gunfire kills people in isolated murders. Gunfire kills people in accidents. And in many cases, people use gunfire to kill themselves. Almost all of these deaths are tragic and the cause of family grieving, so as we grieve with the families of Aurora, there are many other families whom we should not forget."
The questions of what to do about potential future deaths and injury should be confronted, examined, and answered, but we should start with an understanding of the problem: more than 80 deaths by gunfire each day."
Holt said, "As we watch the news from Colorado with horror and sympathy for the families, we should remember that each day more than 80 Americans are killed by gunfire, unnecessary tragedies."
It’s true that more than 80 people died daily in firearm-related incidents, according to the most recent data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Suicides represent a significant majority of that figure and that’s an important detail Holt’s statement lacks. While commenting on a mass shooting, he cites a statistic inflated by individuals who took their own lives. Saying more than 80 Americans are "killed by gunfire" each day in this context suggests those victims were shot by somebody else, not themselves.
Still, it is true that guns are involved in more than 80 deaths a day nationwide.
Overall, we rate this claim Half True.
To comment on this ruling, go to NJ.com.
U.S. Rep. Rush Holt, E-mail Newsletter, July 20, 2012
PolitiFact, Do 100,000 people get shot every year in U.S.? Facebook post says yes, July 23, 2012
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Deaths: Final Data for 2009," Dec. 29, 2011
E-mail interview with Thomas Seay, spokesman for U.S. Rep. Rush Holt, July 24, 2012
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, WISQARS Nonfatal Injury Reports (main search page), accessed July 23, 2012
PolitiFact, Doonesbury strip says 270,000 Americans have been killed by guns since 9/11, Feb. 14, 2011
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