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In a recent Marietta Daily Journal story about opposition to the July 31 regional transportation referendum, the executive director of the Libertarian Party of Georgia took a swipe at MARTA for relying too heavily on taxpayers.
"When you take a look at what MARTA costs to operate, the taxpayers are subsidizing about 80 percent of it for each trip that’s taken, so there are a lot of opportunities there with the money that’s being proposed especially in the transit perspective," Brett Bittner said in an article published May 2.
Bittner told The Atlanta Journal-Constitution he came to his conclusion by visiting the MARTA website, looking at the per-trip costs, subtracting the cost of a fare and attributing the rest to the taxpayer.
Transit systems across the nation rely on tax subsidies to operate. But do taxpayers foot the bill for MARTA to that great of an extent?
First, let’s look at what MARTA’s ridership pays into the system.
MARTA has one of the highest fare rates in the nation following a fare hike from $2 to $2.50 per ride last fall. Helped by a recent fare increase, the agency projects fare revenue this year of $130.3 million – 31 percent of its operating costs. Last year, fares covered 29 percent of operating costs.
Simple math says Bittner’s figures are askew. If riders are paying almost a third, taxpayers can’t be subsidizing 80 percent.
"Our Libertarian friend is dead wrong," MARTA spokesman Lyle Harris concluded.
But how far off is he? Let’s look at the taxpayer side of the MARTA coin.
The largest part of MARTA’s current $413.8 million in transit costs is paid by local sales tax. MARTA gets $201.2 million from the penny tax collected in Fulton and DeKalb counties and the city of Atlanta.
On top of this, the federal government kicks in $37.8 million. A sore point for MARTA backers is that the state of Georgia makes no direct contribution to operate the city’s transit service.
In all, MARTA is paying for bus, rail and other services with $239 million in local and federal taxpayer money.
The service rounds out its revenue pie with some other sources of income. Advertising on buses, parking fees and land leases bring the non-taxpayer funds to $152.1 million.
MARTA tapped its reserve fund to plug a $22.7 million hole in its operating budget. Officials say the reserve fund is "mixed" with taxes and other revenue, but they said the money pulled for this year’s operating budget comes from the sale of real estate decades ago and some other non-tax sources. If the deficit persists, MARTA may end up pulling more tax money out of reserves to fund transit in coming years.
With figures in hand, the rest is just math: Taxpayers subsidize 57.8 percent of MARTA’s operating costs.
Ten years ago, fares made up more than a third of MARTA’s budget, and while ridership is down from 2002, that’s not why taxpayers are being asked to foot more of the bill. Fares increased 13 percent in actual dollars from 2002 to 2011, but the service’s operating expenses increased 38 percent. That gap has to be made up somewhere, and Bittner is right about where, even if the exact percentage is off.
"I only looked at the cost per trip and the fare per trip. I didn’t use the ancillary figures in the budget," he said. "We’re still subsidizing over half as taxpayers, especially those of us who live and work in Fulton and DeKalb."
In rebuttal, Harris points out every mode of transportation – including road building – is subsidized by taxes to some extent.
That argument aside, Bittner was significantly off in assigning 80 percent of the costs of a MARTA trip to the taxpayer, even if he stands by the larger point.
We rate his claim as Mostly False.
The Marietta Daily Journal, "Group doesn’t plan to show TIA much TLC," May 2, 2012
MARTA Fiscal Year 2012 Adopted Operating & Capital Funds Budget, MARTA Office of Management and Budget
Telephone interview with Brett Bittner, executive director of the Libertarian Party of Georgia, May 9, 2012
Email from MARTA spokesman Lyle Harris, May 9, 2012
Interviews with MARTA Chief Financial Officer Davis Allen, May 10-11, 2012
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