Former Gov. Charlie Crist wants voters to see a stark contrast between himself and Republican Gov. Rick Scott on public education.
In his announcement speech in St. Petersburg on Nov. 4, 2013, Crist took credit for protecting teachers’ jobs when he was the Republican-elected governor from 2007 to 2010. (He switched to independent while running for U.S. Senate in 2010 and now he is running as a Democrat.)
"I am proud of my record as the governor investing in public education, and stopping the layoffs of some 20,000 school teachers during the global economic meltdown."
We will tackle this fact-check in two parts: Were 20,000 layoffs of Florida school teachers prevented during the recession, and does Crist get credit for that?
The Crist campaign told us the basis of his claim was the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the $787 billion federal stimulus bill pushed by President Barack Obama and passed by Congress in 2009.
The Florida Department of Education published information in 2010 about how many "instructional personnel" the Recovery Act affected. The department identified 19,166 full-time equivalent jobs affecting a total 31,003 employees for the quarter ending June 30, 2010. Instructional personnel included elementary and secondary classroom teachers as well as guidance counselors, librarians and audio-visual workers, to name just a few.
Many news reports stated that without the stimulus funds, the state would have had to make massive cuts including to education.
Crist’s campaign cited a 2009 Miami Herald article which paraphrased the state’s education commissioner at the time, Eric Smith, saying that the stimulus dollars saved 26,000 teacher jobs. (Smith was appointed by Crist.)
The stimulus money was paid out over two years: In 2009-10, nearly $908 million went to K-12 education, and another $873 million the year after, said Ruth Melton, director of government relations for the Florida School Boards Association.
"The infusion of this federal cash was tremendously important in keeping school districts solvent during the recession," Melton said.
We can’t say with certainty that without the stimulus dollars, 20,000 teachers would have been laid off, because each district could have made different decisions about how to make their budgets work.
"It could have meant actually more teachers than reported," Melton said. At the other extreme, some districts could have laid off more expensive teachers who were close to retirement -- so that could have lowered the number.
"A lot depended on the financial condition of the district before the recession hit – some districts had healthier reserve balances than others," Melton said.
Crist’s role in the stimulus act
Crist didn’t get to vote on passing the stimulus bill -- that was up to Congress.
But Crist skipped a Florida Cabinet meeting to campaign with Obama for the stimulus in Fort Myers, and he went on national talk shows and across the state selling the plan. He lobbied members of Florida’s congressional delegation from both parties to pass the stimulus.
"We know that it's important that we pass a stimulus package," Crist said on Feb. 10, 2009, amid "Yes, we can!" cheers as he introduced the Democratic president in Fort Myers, the Tampa Bay Times reported. "This is not about partisan politics. This is about rising above that, helping America and reigniting our economy."
Crist and Obama exchanged a friendly hug, an image that came back to haunt Crist when he ran for Senate in 2010.
While many governors accepted the stimulus money, Crist was one of the few prominent Republicans to actively and publicly support the stimulus, a choice that won him accolades from Obama. Crist defended his choice to accept stimulus dollars when he faced heat from his own Republican Party.
Still, in accepting the money, Crist did the same thing as many governors across the country, including those who weren't cheerleading the stimulus.
Nationwide, the stimulus doled out more than $93 billion in education funds, including $50.9 in money for elementary and secondary schools to close gaps in state funding. A map on recovery.gov shows all the states taking these dollars.
Overall, the stimulus funded about 368,000 school employees’ jobs nationwide during the 2009-10 school year, according to a February 2011 article the Hechinger Report, a respected publication about education.
States didn’t go on a hiring spree, but used the money to prevent mass layoffs and backfill other funding losses. It wasn’t a cure-all, though: Some teachers were still laid off, depending on the individual school district.
Charlie Crist said that he stopped "layoffs of some 20,000 school teachers during the global economic meltdown."
Crist was referring to the 2009 federal stimulus, which included education money to keep teachers and other education workers on the job. Without stimulus dollars, there could have been massive layoffs, though it’s difficult to pinpoint the precise number of teachers.
Crist was a big-time cheerleader for the stimulus, urging members of Florida’s congressional delegation to support it. There was also that manhug with Obama that was used against him in his race for Senate.
But Crist didn't have much of a role in getting the actual stimulus passed; that credit goes to Congress and Obama. And, many governors took the stimulus money to save teaching jobs. In all likelihood, Florida would have gotten the money without Crist's high-profile support.
We rate this claim Half True.
Hechinger Report, "How many jobs did the education stimulus save?" Feb. 12, 2011
PolitiFact, "Charlie Crist claims stimulus saved thousands of firefighter, law enforcement and educator jobs," Oct. 29, 2012
PolitiFact, "Rick Scott says he is adding $1 billion in new education funding," Jan. 10, 2012
PolitiFact Florida, "Charlie Crist says he didn’t endorse stimulus bill," Nov. 5, 2009
Florida Office of Economic Recovery, Recovery Act Summary through June 30, 2010, via Sterling Ivey, Oct. 25, 2010
Florida Department of Education, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 jobs as of June 30, 2010, via Cheryl Etters, Oct. 28, 2010
Miami Herald, "Gov. Charlie Crist changes tune on stimulus bill," Accessed in Nexis, Nov. 5, 2009
Miami Herald, "Charlie Crist makes it official: he is running for governor," Nov. 4, 2013
Orlando Sentinel, "Stimulus spending: $1.3 billion will give Florida boost," Aug. 11, 2010
New York Times The Caucus blog, "Crist defends decision to accept stimulus dollars," Feb. 22, 2010
Interview, Jacqui Sisto, spokeswoman Florida Education Association, Nov. 4, 2013
Interview, Ruth Melton, director of government relations, Florida School Boards Association, Nov. 5, 2013
Interview, Steve Schale, senior adviser Charlie Crist campaign, Nov. 5, 2013
Interview, Cheryl Etters, spokeswoman Florida Department of Education, Nov. 5, 2013
Interview, David Thomas, spokesman U.S. Department of Education, Nov. 5, 2013
Interview, Nancy K. DiPaolo, Chief, Congressional & Intergovernmental Affairs Recovery Accountability & Transparency Board, Nov. 6, 2013
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