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The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, often called Obamacare, remains part of the great divide that separates most Republicans and Democrats. So it's not surprising that Mark Zaccaria, a Republican running for U.S. Senate, would raise the issue during his Aug. 3 interview on WJAR-TV's "10 News Conference."
He put the blame for the law's passage squarely on the shoulders of incumbent Democrat Jack Reed.
"Let's talk about the Affordable Care Act," Zaccaria said. "Mr. Reed cast the deciding vote in the Senate for the Affordable Care Act and what we are seeing is that more people today associate that with the ineptitude in management that we've seen in the Veterans Administration than in any kind of a private health insurance plan that they may have had prior to this time."
We know Reed voted for the ACA, as did all of the Rhode Island delegation at the time. But was Reed really the deciding vote?
PolitiFact has been down this road before. A quick search of PolitiFact rulings shows that Democratic Senators Jeff Merkley of Oregon, Jeanne Shaheen of New Hampshire, Bill Nelson of Florida, Michael Bennet of Colorado, and Sherrod Brown of Ohio have been blamed by various Republicans and conservative groups for casting the deciding vote on Obamacare. In each case, PolitiFact has ruled the claims Mostly False or False, depending on their wording and context.
The reason: A deciding vote is typically the one vote -- sometimes cast at the last minute -- that puts a proposal over the top. To use a sports analogy, the deciding goal in a 3-2 soccer match is never the first two goals, even though all three are crucial to the win.
The key Senate vote in the Obamacare debate -- actually the Senate's vote to close debate that paved the way for passage -- needed no fewer than 60 Senators supporting the proposal. That's all it got.
Some senators withheld their support until the end, looking for last-minute modifications; Reed did not. He was the 45th "aye" vote during the roll-call.
When we emailed Zaccaria's campaign to ask what made Reed's vote the deciding vote, the candidate noted that the vote to end debate got the bare-minimum of 60 votes, including Reed's.
"Without Mr. Reed’s vote to end debate, the Senate could have filibustered longer or even changed or defeated the measure," Zaccaria said.
"My point is that Sen. Reed had personal control over the passage of the ACA and, knowing the impact it would have, voted Yes," he said. "I don’t believe my point regarding Mr. Reed is diminished simply because every other Democrat Senator also had that same power."
Mark Zaccaria said that Sen. Jack Reed "cast the deciding vote in the Senate for the Affordable Care Act."
Zaccaria's position is that because every "yea" vote in the motion to end debate on the act was crucial to passage, each of those votes -- 60 in all -- was the deciding vote.
Reed's vote was crucial. Zaccaria could have called it "a" deciding vote (of which there can be many) but there is no evidence that his was "the" deciding vote (of which there is one).
Because his statement contains some element of truth but ignores critical facts -- in this case, the 59 other yes votes, including the 15 "ayes" that came after his -- that would give a different impression, we rate it Mostly False.
TurnTo10.com, "10 News Conference: Aug. 3, 2014, Part 1," accessed Aug. 7, 2014
PolitiFact.com, "NRSC attacks Michael Bennet for casting 'the deciding vote' for stimulus, health care," Oct. 26, 2010; "Josh Mandel says Sherrod Brown cast the deciding vote for a government takeover of health care," May 30, 2012; "Was Florida's Bill Nelson "the deciding vote" on the health care law?" June 14, 2012; "Jim Rubens claims U.S. Senator Jeanne Shaheen, D-NH, was the deciding vote to pass Obamacare," Nov. 19, 2013; and "Was Jeff Merkley the deciding vote on Obamacare?" May 23, 2014
Emails, Mark Zaccaria, candidate for U.S. Senate, Aug. 8-9, 2014
C-Span.org, "December 24, 2009, Senate Session," at the 25:25 mark, accessed Aug. 14, 2014
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