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In his State of the Union address, President Barack Obama noted the country’s progress toward energy independence.
There is "more oil produced at home than we buy from the rest of the world – the first time that’s happened in nearly 20 years," he said. Later in the speech, he added, "The all-of-the-above energy strategy I announced a few years ago is working, and today, America is closer to energy independence than we’ve been in decades."
Earlier in January, we fact-checked Obama’s same claim about domestic oil production after he spoke at North Carolina State University. We rated it True after PolitiFact dug into the U.S. oil numbers. Here’s what we had found:
A White House spokesman offered up this White House blog post that explained Obama’s point in more detail. According to the White House, Domestic crude oil production surpassed crude oil imports in October 2013 for the first time since 1995.
We also consulted the U.S. Energy Information Administration. According to their November 2013 report, the United States produced an average of 7.8 million barrels of oil per day in October and imported 7.5 million barrels of oil per day.
So Obama’s numbers add up. How did we arrive at this point?
Kenneth Medlock, an economics professor at Rice University who serves as the senior director for the Center for Energy Studies, said there are a couple of reasons why production exceeds imports.
"Yes, we are producing more than we import now, but that owes to both increased production domestically and reduced demand,"Medlock said.
The reduced demand is due in part to the recession. It’s no surprise that people cut back on gasoline consumption when there’s less money in their wallets, so that lowers demand. And if demand is down, the United States doesn’t need to import as much oil supply.
Another cause of reduced demand is increased energy efficiency. Over the last few years, rising popularity of fuel-efficient vehicles and other innovations have led consumers and businesses to spend less on utilities and at the pump, said John Lowe, a senior associate dean and energy law professor at Southern Methodist University.
Aside from reduced demand, Medlock also mentioned increased production as another reason the United States is producing more oil than it's importing.
We can credit increased domestic production to innovation in regulatory infrastructure. That includes factors like the ability for companies to negotiate directly with private landowners about mineral rights, as well as open access to pipelines.
But we can’t tie these developments back to one president, Medlock said. They go back a couple of decades.
Still, it’s worth noting that Obama is a known supporter of energy efficiency. When he campaigned for office, he promised to reduce the country’s dependency on foreign oil. In 2012, we rated that Promise Kept based on projections of the impact of his administration’s fuel efficiency standards.
Obama said the United States is producing more oil at home than its buying from the rest of the world for the first time in nearly two decades. That claim is on the money. However, a lot of this has been in the works for awhile, including dynamics that pre-date the Obama administration. Experts told us the new dynamic is due to factors like the recession, increased fuel efficiency and ramped up domestic oil production. As a simple statement on where we stand on oil exports vs. imports, though, Obama’s claim is accurate. We rate it True.
Email interview with John Lowe, Southern Methodist University energy law professor, Jan. 15, 2014
Email interview with Jonathan Cogan, U.S. Energy Information Administration spokesman, Jan. 15, 2014
Email interview with Kenneth Medlock, Rice University Baker Institute for Public Policy Center for Energy Studies senior director, Jan. 15, 2014
Email interview with Matt Lehrich, White House spokesman, Jan. 15, 2014
PolitiFact, "Barack Obama says U.S. oil production last year was highest since 2003," March 15, 2011
PolitiFact, "Obama says U.S. produces more oil than it imports for first time in nearly 20 years," Jan. 17, 2014
PolitiFact, "Obameter: Reduce dependence on foreign oil," Nov. 27, 2012
PolitiFact Ohio, "Barack Obama campaign says U.S. dependence on foreign oil now below 50 percent," Jan. 26, 2012
PolitiFact Virginia, "Barack Obama ad says U.S. oil production is at eight-year high," April 9, 2012
U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Short-term energy outlook," November 2013
U.S. Energy Information Administration, "U.S. field production of crude oil," accessed Jan. 16, 2014
U.S. Energy Information Administration, "U.S. imports of crude oil," accessed Jan. 16, 2014
White House Blog, "Driving toward greater energy security," Nov. 13, 2013
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