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President Barack Obama devoted a portion of his State of the Union address to talking up America’s energy trends, including being a leader in our own energy production.
"We believed we could reduce our dependence on foreign oil and protect our planet," he said. "And today, America is No. 1 in oil and gas. America is No. 1 in wind power. Every three weeks, we bring online as much solar power as we did in all of 2008."
We’ve covered oil and gas and solar power before, but the wind energy claim was new to us. Is the United States the global leader in producing that, as well, or is Obama just being a blowhard? Let’s get on the grid and find out.
Clearing the air
Obama has made renewable power sources a focus of his administration, and has effectively doubled the use of many "clean energy" methods, a large portion of which has been from wind.
The U.S. Energy Department says that the nation’s capacity for generating energy from wind, in which wind moves a turbine to generate electricity to be used on the power grid, has increased from 25,410 megawatts in 2008 to 62,300 megawatts as of September 2014. This capacity growth was fueled in part to a federal production tax credit that expired at the end of 2014. There are still projects being built using the tax credit, so capacity is expected to keep growing.
Many energy reports, however, generally say the United States trails China in its total wind energy capacity. The Global Wind Energy Council said in 2013 that China has the capacity to generate 91,412 megawatts. China also has outpaced the United States for wind-driven power installations.
But that’s where we run into a headwind on the stats, because there’s a difference between capacity (what can be produced) and generation (what actually is produced).
A Jan. 15, 2015, report by the American Wind Energy Association said the electrical energy actually being produced was currently greater in the United States than it was in China, and has been since 2008. The report said in 2013 the United States generated 167 billion kilowatt hours (a measure utility companies use to bill companies; a megawatt equals 1,000 kilowatts), while China generated 138 billion kilowatt hours.
Simon Mahan, renewable energy manager for the pro-renewable Southern Alliance for Clean Energy, said there a many factors in determining the two different measurements, leading to discrepancies depending on how they’re recorded. A wind farm in America may be more efficient than one in China because the wind is better, for example, making more power even if the one in China has more turbines.
The focus on installations is due in part to the fixed capital costs of building a wind farm, and full-year generation data isn’t available if, say, an installation opens in April, Mahan said. He compared capacity and generation to how a hybrid car’s gasoline tank is smaller than a truck’s, but both can go about the same distance because the hybrid is more efficient.
Whether this difference lasts is up in the air. China has plans to build 150 gigawatts (that’s 150,000 megawatts) of capacity by 2017. in the third quarter of 2014, the U.S. had an additional 13,600 megawatts of capacity under construction, which would bump the States up to around 75,000 megawatts of capacity next year, with potential projects in the future.
Determining if either country maxes out that capacity depends on factors that can only be predicted and not confirmed, Mahan said, although China has issues with how much its power grid can safely hold at one time. The International Energy Agency has predicted the demand for wind power in China is slowing, while the United States faces "policy uncertainty" that may affect wind power’s future here.
Obama said "America is No. 1 in wind power."
China is actually the leader in the overall capacity for generating wind power. But the United States has overtaken China in terms of the actual amount of electricity wind power it generates.
Both countries plan to continue to expand wind capacity -- China more than the United States -- but they also both face challenges to expanding capacity and generation.
We rate the claim Mostly True.
President Barack Obama, State of the Union address, Jan. 20, 2015
Global Wind Energy Council, "Global Wind Report Annual Market Update 2013," April 2014
PolitiFact, "Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse says there are more U.S. jobs in solar industry than coal mining," July 6, 2014
International Energy Agency, "Renewable Energy Medium-Term Market Report 2014," August 2014
American Wind Energy Association, "U.S. Wind Industry Third Quarter 2014 Market Report," Oct. 20, 2014
American Wind Energy Association, "New analysis: U.S. is world’s number one wind energy producer, leading China and Germany," Nov. 11, 2014
American Wind Energy Association, "A Pleasant Surprise: USA, Not China, is #1 in Wind Energy," Jan. 19, 2015
U.S. Department of Energy, "Installed Wind Capacity," accessed Jan. 21, 2015
Global Wind Energy Council, "Global Installed Wind Capacity (2012-13)," accessed Jan. 21, 2015
Global Wind Energy Council, "Top 10 New Installed Capacity, Jan.-Dec. 2013," accessed Jan. 21, 2015
U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Net Generation from Renewable Sources: Total (All Sectors), 2004-October 2014," accessed Jan. 21, 2015
U.S. Energy Information Administration, "International Energy Statistics -- Generation," accessed Jan. 21, 2015
U.S. Energy Information Administration, "International Energy Statistics -- Capacity," accessed Jan. 21, 2015
U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Net Summer Capacity of Utility Scale Units Using Primarily Renewable Energy Sources and by State, October 2014 and 2013 (Megawatts)," accessed Jan. 21, 2015
American Wind Energy Association, "U.S. Capacity & Generation," accessed Jan. 21, 2015
PolitiFact, "Obama: America is No. 1 producer of oil, gas," Jan. 21, 2015
Interview with Frank Benenati, White House spokesperson, Jan. 21, 2015
Interview with Simon Mahan, renewable energy manager for the pro-renewable Southern Alliance for Clean Energy, Jan. 21, 2015
Interview with Jonathan Cogan, U.S. Energy Information Administration spokesperson, Jan. 21, 2015
Interview with Robert Youngblood, International Energy Agency spokesperson, Jan. 21, 2015
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