Gun control advocates make a lot of claims about how easy it is to get a firearm in America.
"We flood communities with so many guns that it is easier for a teenager to buy a Glock than get his hands on a computer or even a book," President Barack Obama said last week at a memorial service for five officers slain by a sniper in Dallas, Texas.
PolitiFact rated the president’s claim Mostly False, noting it was a flawed comparison that relied on anecdotal rather than hard evidence.
In California, Lt. Gov. Gavin Newsom is among the state’s biggest gun control backers.
He led the campaign to place Proposition 63, known as the Safety For All Initiative, on the state’s November ballot. It would require instant background checks for ammunition purchases; strengthen checks for gun purchases and ban the possession of large, detachable military-style magazines; and require the immediate surrender of firearms for people convicted of serious and violent crimes.
The Safety For All campaign made a recent statement about the prevalence of gun dealers in California. It’s a colorful claim like Obama’s, but has a bit more hard data to back it up.
"There are at least twice as many licensed firearm dealers in California as there are McDonald’s," the campaign’s spokesman said in recent email.
PolitiFact Georgia rated a similar claim in 2013 as Mostly True. A civil rights activist said: "There are twice as many gun shops as McDonald’s in the United States." Our California claim deals with licenses in this state only, and not necessarily brick-and-mortar gun shops.
With our appetite piqued, we decided to dig into this fast-food-meets-firearms platter.
Not surprisingly, there are many places in California to get a Big Mac -- more than a thousand, according to several sources. The American Enterprise Institute and the Foundation for Economic Education reported in April that, at that time, there were 1,165 McDonald’s in California. A Cal State Northridge study cited the same figure.
A McDonald’s spokeswoman could not immediately confirm that figure. The company’s website, however, puts its nationwide restaurant total at more than 14,000.
Assuming 1,165 is correct for California, there would need to be at least 2,330 licensed gun dealers in the state to make the campaign’s statement correct.
Photo by Mike Mozart / Flickr
To be licensed in California, gun dealers must obtain both state and federal permits; be 21 or older; pay a $200 application fee; have a valid address; and undergo criminal and credit background checks.
They don’t necessarily need a commercial storefront.
Pinpointing the number of licensed gun dealers in the state is not simple.
The Safety For All campaign referred us to data collected by the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives.
The ATF keeps a monthly log on its website of how many dealers and pawnbrokers are licensed to sell guns in each state.
This month’s tally shows 2,315 dealers and pawnbrokers licensed to sell guns in California. That’s a shade less, 15 in fact, than twice as many McDonald’s.
But the Safety For All campaign spokesman asserted there are hundreds more people authorized to sell guns in California, under different federal license categories.
Those extra federal categories include 521 licensed firearms manufacturers and 74 licensed firearms importers in California.
Roger Root, who oversees firearm license investigations for the ATF in Northern California, said those nearly 600 licensed manufacturers and importers are, in fact, federally authorized to deal guns, even if they’re not technically called ‘dealers.’
"We don’t require that they get an additional (federal) license," Root said. "You are also allowed, in essence, to deal firearms."
That would bump the number of people licensed to sell guns in California closer to 2,900, more than twice as many McDonald’s.
There's one wrinkle. About 5 percent or less of federal license holders, in all firearms categories, never go on to obtain an equivalent state firearms license required by the California Department of Justice, Root said.
But taking 5 percent away from the 2,900, would still leave far more than twice as many McDonald’s.
Lt. Gov. Gavin Newsom’s Safety For All Initiative campaign recently claimed: "There are at least twice as many licensed firearm dealers in California as there are McDonald’s."
Firearms license data tracked by the ATF show there are currently 2,315 authorized firearms dealers and pawnbrokers in the state. Two other categories authorized to deal firearms bring the total closer to 2,900, which is far more than double the 1,165 Golden Arches in California.
A small fraction of the federal licensees never obtain their equivalent California permit. So, the total could be somewhat less than 2,900, but still enough to validate the statement.
We rated the claim True.
TRUE – The statement is accurate and there's nothing significant missing.
Click here for more on the six PolitiFact ratings and how we select facts to check.
Interview, Roger Root, Director of Industry Operations, San Francisco Field Division, U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, July 15, 2016.
Interview, Helen Dunkel, spokeswoman, San Francisco Field Division, U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, July 14, 2016.
Listing of Federal Firearms Licensees, U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, accessed July 2016.
Report of Active Firearms Licenses - License Type by State Statistics, U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, accessed July 2016.
Interview, Rachele Huennekens, spokeswoman, California Department of Justice, July 15, 2016.
Interview, Dan Newman, spokesman, Safety For All Initiative, July 12, 2016.
ABC News, "Guns in America, a Statistical Look," August 25, 2012
PolitiFact Georgia, "Are there more places to buy a gun than a Big Mac?" February 11, 2013
Email statement, California Association of Federal Firearms Licensees, July 15, 2015
Foundation for Economic Education, California's Statewide $15 Minimum Wage Will Horribly Backfire for Poorer Cities, April 28, 2016
American Enterprise Institute, "Why California’s ‘one-size-fits-none’ $15 an hour statewide minimum wage is doomed to fail," April 25, 2016
Cal State Northridge, "Think Payday Lending isn't out of control in the United States?", accessed July 2016.
AboutMcDonalds.com, Company Profile, accessed July 2016.
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