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Joshua Gillin
By Joshua Gillin November 3, 2016

Amendment 1 promises to protect seniors, but measure offers no new regulations

Organizers for a proposed constitutional amendment about electricity generated by solar power have told voters their proposal would safeguard consumers — especially seniors.

Consumers for Smart Solar, the utility-backed group behind Amendment 1, has spent millions to promote the measure in commercials, mailers and web ads.

"Amendment 1 protects Florida seniors from scams and rip-offs," claimed one ad on YouTube Oct. 19, 2016.

We wanted to know how the amendment would keep seniors from being targeted. When we shined a light on the measure, we found Amendment 1 doesn’t provide any new protections, for seniors or anyone else.

Solar support

Supporters of the Amendment 1 campaign say the constitutional change promotes solar while protecting consumers. Critics have derided the amendment, accusing organizers of obscuring their true, backdoor intention of helping established utilities control Florida’s solar market and punish electric consumers for using solar panels.

So how does the amendment protect seniors, or anyone else? On its own, Amendment 1 doesn’t.

All the wording says is that current consumer protections can remain in place. Along with saying people may still buy solar panels and install them, the measure reads (emphasis ours):

"State and local governments shall retain their abilities to protect consumer rights and public health, safety and welfare, and to ensure that consumers who do not choose to install solar are not required to subsidize the costs of backup power and electric grid access to those who do."

The second half concerns the future of net metering, in which solar customers sell excess electricity back to the utilities. Net metering is currently overseen by Florida Public Service Commission rules.

But the first half essentially says the amendment will not preclude any current or future state law or regulation. No legal protections would change.

"This provision makes clear that regardless of what course Florida takes with solar energy now or in the future, government will not relinquish its responsibility to protect consumers," a Consumers for Smart Solar spokeswoman told us.

The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services didn’t give any examples when we asked them how solar customers may currently be protected. The attorney general’s office said consumers with specific problems can file a complaint with them under the Florida Deceptive and Unfair Trade Practices Act. The office reviews each complaint for appropriate action.

Featured Fact-check

You may have noticed the amendment does not spell out special protection for seniors. But here’s where Consumers for Smart Solar’s argument comes in.  

They cited an August 2016 letter to the Federal Trade Commission from Public Citizen, a left-leaning consumer advocacy group. The letter said Public Citizen hoped the FTC would consider new regulations on "arrangements in which consumers lease their solar system from a corporate third-party."

Florida is one of five states that do not allow a property owner to have a third-party installer put solar panels on their roof and sell the power back to them. In those deals, customers sign a lease for a period of time, usually a number of years, agreeing to buy power from the solar company. Florida customers are still allowed to lease the panels themselves, as long as they don’t sell the excess electricity to anyone, such as a landlord selling power to tenants.

Consumers for Smart Solar pointed to Arizona, where solar companies bilked older customers who didn’t fully understand their lease agreements.

But it’s not clear how this applies to Florida, because those kinds of deals aren’t allowed in this state. State law makes it so that someone generating electricity with solar panels can’t sell it to anyone but utility companies.

The net metering clause matters here, too, because third-party companies in other states depend on the money they would get from selling electricity to utilities. The amendment would conceivably make that business model unworkable, were third-party sales ever allowed.

Florida's two largest utilities, Florida Power & Light and Duke Energy have said they want to see Florida's net metering law changed to impose new fees on customer-owned solar users.

More than one legal expert told us it’s ambiguous at best to say Amendment 1 offers protections. That’s up to state and local officials, who already have laws and regulations in place. Seniors aren’t specifically mentioned anywhere in the amendment’s wording.

"The only defined user of electricity in the amendment is ‘consumer,’" Stetson University law professor Lance Long said. "I think it is misleading to suggest that it does have a particular concern for seniors. It seems more in the genre of ‘scare tactic’ rather than accurate information."

Our ruling

Consumers for Smart Solar said, "Amendment 1 protects Florida seniors from scams and rip-offs."

The amendment’s wording doesn’t mention seniors specifically, it only lets current consumer protection laws stand. That means the measure doesn’t preclude any protections, but it also doesn’t provide any. If there were no amendment at all, the effect on consumer laws and regulations would be the same.

This talking point may lead many voters, especially seniors, to think the amendment somehow offers new safeguards for solar customers, but it doesn’t.

We rate the statement False.

Our Sources

Consumers for Smart Solar, "Senior Protects I Yes On 1 For The Sun l The Florida Solar Amendment," Oct. 19, 2016

Orlando Sentinel, "BlueChip Energy failure leaves solar-power customers up in air," July 28, 2013

PolitiFact Florida, "Charlie Crist says Florida is the Sunshine State, but ‘we’re hardly doing any solar energy production,’" Dec. 3, 2013

Bloomberg, "Rooftop Solar Leases Scaring Buyers When Homeowners Sell," June 24, 2014

Arizona Attorney General, "Attorney General Brnovich Obtains Settlement in Solar Lawsuit," February 2015

PolitiFact Florida, "Florida is one of five states that ban certain solar sales, petition group says," Jan. 16, 2015

Public Citizen, Letter to the Federal Trade Commission, Aug. 22, 2016

PolitiFact Florida, "Utilities behind solar amendment are trying to trick voters into ending net metering, Al Gore says," Oct. 11, 2016

Miami Herald, "Why are utilities spending $22 million to ‘protect’ your right to solar?," Oct. 26, 2016

Consumers for Smart Solar, "Rights of Electricity Consumers Regarding Solar Energy Choice," accessed Oct. 30, 2016

Federal Bureau of Investigation, "Fraud Against Seniors," accessed Oct. 31, 2016

2016 Florida Statutes, "Title XXXIII, Chapter 501, Part II: Deceptive and Unfair Trade Practices," accessed Nov. 1, 2016

2016 Florida Statutes, "163.04 Energy devices based on renewable resources," accessed Nov. 1, 2016

2016 Florida Statutes, "366.91 Renewable energy," accessed Nov. 1, 2016

Florida State Department, "Rule: 25-6.065," accessed Nov. 1, 2016

Interview with Kristen Bridges, Consumers for Smart Solar spokeswoman, Oct. 25-27, Nov. 1, 2016

Interview with Hannah Wiseman, Florida State University law professor, Oct. 27, 2016

Interview with Susan Glickman, Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Florida director, Oct. 28, 2016

Interview with Lance Long, Stetson University law professor, Oct. 28, Nov. 1-2, 2016

Interview with Amy Stein, University of Florida law professor, Oct. 30-31, 2016

Interview with Cindy Muir, Florida Public Service Commision spokeswoman, Nov. 1, 2016

Interview with Whitney Ray, Florida Attorney General spokesman, Nov. 1, 2016

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Amendment 1 promises to protect seniors, but measure offers no new regulations

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