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President Donald Trump has hinted that the Obama administration inserted a mole in his presidential campaign to undercut his candidacy. In an early morning tweet, he offered what seemed to be proof, from none other than former Director of National Intelligence James Clapper.
In a tweet, Trump appeared to quote Clapper as saying, "Trump should be happy that the FBI was SPYING on his campaign." Trump followed that with, "No, James Clapper, I am not happy. Spying on a campaign would be illegal, and a scandal to boot!"
Whatever people might think amounts to spying (and we wrote that there’s no agreed-upon definition), Clapper didn’t say what Trump claimed.
Clapper said the opposite.
Clapper was interviewed May 22 on ABC News’ The View. Here’s the exchange with co-host Joy Behar:
Behar: "I ask you, was the FBI spying on Trump's campaign?"
Clapper: "No, they were not. They were spying on — a term I don't particularly like — but on what the Russians were doing. Trying to understand were the Russians infiltrating, trying to gain access, trying to gain leverage and influence which is what they do."
Behar: "Well, why doesn't he like that? He should be happy."
Clapper: "He should be."
The White House press office confirmed that Trump was referring to Clapper’s ABC interview. But that wasn’t the only time Clapper addressed the question of spying.
Clapper repeated his point the same day in an interview on CNN’s Anderson Cooper 360.
"The objective here was actually to protect the campaign by determining whether the Russians were infiltrating it and attempting to exert influence," Clapper said.
After Trump's tweet, Clapper said May 23 on CNN it was "a distortion of what I said."
The FBI’s guidelines say direct investigation of a campaign should only come after a high-level review.
"It is not invariably illegal to spy on a campaign or people in it," said Robert Litt, former general counsel for the Director of National Intelligence. "The question is, why are you doing it? Are you doing it for legitimate investigative purposes – for example if you have information that people in the campaign are engaged in criminal activity – or is your purpose to glean information that you would provide to the candidate’s opponents for political use?"
Trump said that Clapper had affirmed that the FBI had spied on the Trump campaign. That does not reflect Clapper’s words. In two separate interviews Clapper said that the FBI was looking for Russian interference in the election with the aim of protecting the campaign.
He specifically said that the FBI had not spied on the campaign.
Trump turned Clapper’s statements upside down and for that, we rate this claim False.
Donald Trump, tweet, May 23, 2018
ABC News, The View, May 22, 2018
CNN, Anderson Cooper 360, May 22, 2018
New York Times, "Trump Incorrectly Quotes James Clapper to Falsely Claim F.B.I. Spied On Campaign," May 23, 2018
Interview, Robert Litt, former general counsel, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, May 23, 2018
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