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Baldwin, the incumbent senator, claimed Vukmir supports letting insurance companies "deny coverage to people with pre-existing conditions." Our rating was Half True.
One attack comes in a video posted Oct. 10, 2018 in which Evers claims Walker supports "a health care plan that would gut protections for pre-existing conditions."
Let’s see what plan Evers is referring to.
As we noted in the Baldwin fact check, at issue here is the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and its prohibition on insurers denying coverage to people with pre-existing conditions. Under the federal law, if you don’t have health insurance from an employer or the government, you have guaranteed access to insurance in the individual market, regardless of your health, and you can’t be charged higher rates for a pre-existing condition.
That blanket protection is something that is threatened by Republican efforts to repeal the law, and Walker supports repeal. For example, he backed the so-called Graham-Cassidy repeal bill, saying: "I think it’s awesome… It’s a winner all the way around."
News reports said that under the bill, states could have allowed for waivers to let insurers charge sick patients higher premiums and stop covering certain benefits required under the Affordable Care Act; and that states could obtain waivers to permit insurers to charge different premiums based on health status, age or other factors.
PolitiFact National, noting that Democrats across the country are attacking Republicans over pre-existing conditions, has reported that Republican proposals are not as air tight as Obamacare when it comes to pre-existing conditions. Graham-Cassidy would have allowed insurers to sell bare-bones plans with low premiums that would be attractive to healthy people, while plans that provide the coverage that sicker people need would be very expensive, our colleagues reported.
So, repeal of Obamacare — and its protections for pre-existing conditions -- is one plan Walker supports. But there’s another.
Walker also backed a lawsuit brought by Wisconsin and 19 other states that a New York Times news story said could eviscerate major parts of the Affordable Care Act and allow insurers to again deny people coverage because of their medical condition or history.
So, Walker supports two plans, or initiatives, that would result in eliminating blanket protections for people with pre-existing conditions.
To be clear, Walker hasn’t said people with pre-existing conditions shouldn’t be covered. But he hasn’t spelled out an alternative that would provide protections that Obamacare does.
For example, he called for such a law in his January 2018 state of the state speech. And in September 2018, he said he would call a special session of the Legislature to adopt that measure if the Affordable Care Act were blocked.
The prospects for such a bill passing, however, are unclear.
Moreover, Walker has provided few details on what he has in mind, raising questions about how people with pre-existing conditions would be covered.
The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel examined what would happen to people in Wisconsin with pre-existing conditions if Obamacare were overturned.
In short, the fates of some them are uncertain. The Affordable Care Act requires insurers to cover specific health benefits, including prescription drugs for almost every medical condition. So, without a similar requirement in state law, insurers could sidestep any requirement that they cover pre-existing health conditions. They could do this by not including some services or costly drugs in a health plan's benefits.
It’s also worth noting that before Obamacare, Wisconsin’s high-risk pool was held up as something as a model on pre-existing conditions, at least for the people it covered.
But it worked only for people who could afford the insurance in the first place — and many people with pre-existing conditions could not afford coverage from the high-risk pool, as it covered fewer than 25,000 people. An estimated 852,000 people in Wisconsin have a health condition that would have led to being denied coverage in the market for health insurance sold directly to individuals and families before the Affordable Care Act.
Evers says Walker supports "a health care plan that would gut protections for pre-existing conditions."
Walker has supported two efforts that would result in elimination of blanket protections for pre-existing conditions: Legislation to repeal the Affordable Care Act and a lawsuit that would block it. The law provides a variety of protections to people with pre-existing medical conditions — including prohibiting insurers from denying coverage to those people and prohibiting them from charging those people higher rates. So, getting rid of Obamacare would eliminate those protections.
Walker has pledged that if Obamacare is repealed, he would seek legislation to guarantee coverage to people with pre-existing conditions. But it’s not clear how that legislation would compare to Obamacare and not clear if it could pass the Legislature.
For a statement that is accurate but needs clarification, our rating is Mostly True.
Email, Tony Evers campaign spokesman Sam Lau, Oct. 12, 2018
Email, Scott Walker campaign spokesman Austin Altenburg, Oct. 15, 2018
Vox, "Graham-Cassidy: The last GOP health plan left standing, explained," Sept. 13, 2017
Health Affairs, "New Graham-Cassidy Bill: A Last GOP Shot At ACA Repeal And Replace Through Reconciliation," Sept. 13, 2017
Wisconsin State Journal, "Scott Walker touts revived GOP push to repeal Obamacare," Sept. 24, 2017
Associated Press, "Walker Would Call Special Session on Insurance," Sept. 14, 2018
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Scott Walker moves to stabilize Obamacare as AG Brad Schimel seeks to strike it down," Feb. 27, 2018
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Fates of some people with pre-existing conditions uncertain if Affordable Care Act is suspended," Sept. 20, 2018
New York Times, "Justice Dept. Says Crucial Provisions of Obamacare Are Unconstitutional," June 7, 2017
PolitiFact National, "Pre-existing conditions: Does any GOP proposal match the ACA?" Oct. 17, 2018
Wisconsin Public Radio, "Experts: State Bill On Pre-Existing Conditions Falls Short Of ACA Protections," Sept. 18, 2018
Fox 6, transcript of Gov. Scott Walker state of the state speech, Jan. 24, 2018
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