Stand up for facts and support PolitiFact.
Now is your chance to go on the record as supporting trusted, factual information by joining PolitiFact’s Truth Squad. Contributions or gifts to PolitiFact, which is part of the 501(c)(3) nonprofit Poynter Institute, are tax deductible.
I would like to contribute
This is the stuff nightmares are made of.
As Halloween approaches, a viral Facebook post claims the infamous "Nightmare on Elm Street" film franchise serial killer Freddy Krueger was based on a real murderer.
The post displays a photograph of a headstone that reads "Frederick Kruger 1838-1910," with a lengthy caption that reads:
"DID YOU KNOW...That the Horror Film Character Freddy Kruger was based on a real life serial killer who lived in Rockville, Wisconsin in the 1800s. According to court county records of the time, Mr. Kruger was known to have killed at least twenty children within a three mile radius of where he lived. He reportedly murdered most of the children using only a Gardening claw."
It goes onto claim that "Kruger" lived in an abandoned factory and was eventually caught after starting a fire in the facility where he "burned over 70% of his body." After dying in his sleep at the age of 72, the post says, unexpected deaths occurred to teens and children while they were sleeping, thus later providing inspiration for the notorious Krueger horror character.
The post was flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Facebook.)
Sorry, but we have to lay this spooky tale to rest. Krueger was not based on a real person – the story is entirely made up.
Versions of this claim have been shared on the internet for a few years, with varying details.
But unlike most of the copied and pasted versions that have been shared online since, the original post included a line at the end that admitted the story was made-up as a Halloween joke: "(Actually, I just found this picture and made all that s*** up. Happy October everyone!)."
Meanwhile, horror film director and Krueger creator, the late Wes Craven, revealed in a 2014 interview with Vulture that he got the idea for the movie from a creepy news story he read in the Los Angeles Times:
"I’d read an article in the L.A. Times about a family who had escaped the Killing Fields in Cambodia and managed to get to the U.S. Things were fine, and then suddenly the young son was having very disturbing nightmares. He told his parents he was afraid that if he slept, the thing chasing him would get him, so he tried to stay awake for days at a time. When he finally fell asleep, his parents thought this crisis was over. Then they heard screams in the middle of the night. By the time they got to him, he was dead. He died in the middle of a nightmare. Here was a youngster having a vision of a horror that everyone older was denying. That became the central line of Nightmare on Elm Street."
A scary tale that Freddy Krueger was based on a real serial killer is recirculating on social media.
This story is fabricated. While Krueger’s creator previously disclosed that "Nightmare on Elm Street" was inspired by a legitimate news account, that account did not involve a real-life serial killer.
We rate this rumor Pants on Fire!
Facebook post, Sept. 22, 2019
TinEye, reverse-image search, Oct. 2, 2019
Imgur, New post Frederick Kruger - The truth behind the movie, Oct. 16, 2017
Facebook post, Oct. 14, 2017
Snopes, Was Freddy Krueger from ‘Nightmare on Elm Street’ Based on a Real Serial Murderer?, Oct. 17, 2017
Vulture, Freddy Lives: An Oral History of A Nightmare on Elm Street, Oct. 20, 2014
Syfy Wire, WES CRAVEN REVEALS THE TERRIFYING TRUE STORY THAT INSPIRED FREDDY KRUEGER, Oct. 20, 2014
Read About Our Process
In a world of wild talk and fake news, help us stand up for the facts.