Get PolitiFact in your inbox.
If Your Time is short
Trump said that the intelligence community inspector general passed along an inaccurate report. In reality, the complaint got nearly every detail correct.
The whistleblower report closely aligned with the White House partial transcript of Trump’s conversation with Zelensky. The whistleblower said Trump urged an investigation of former Vice President Joseph Biden and his son, Hunter Biden. That happened, according to the call summary.
The whistleblower said Trump revived the unfounded rumor that a hacked Democratic Party server was in Ukraine. Again, correct.
The whistleblower said the only corruption cases mentioned in the call were the Democratic server and the Bidens. That’s also correct.
President Donald Trump repeated the 2019 Lie of the Year in explaining why he fired the intelligence community inspector general who forwarded the whistleblower report to Congress that triggered impeachment hearings.
When reporters asked why he fired Michael Atkinson, the inspector general of the intelligence community, Trump said Atkinson was a "disgrace to IGs."
"He took this terrible, inaccurate whistleblower report — right? — and he brought it to Congress," Trump said at an April 5 press conference.
For a long time, Trump has called his chat with Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelensky "perfect," and the whistleblower’s account of that call "fake."
But the whistleblower got just about everything right. PolitiFact deemed Trump’s insistence that he got the call "almost completely wrong" the most significant falsehood of 2019.
Here are the excerpts from the whistleblower’s filing, followed by whether the information is confirmed.
Early in the morning of 25 July, the President spoke by telephone with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.
This was confirmed by the memorandum of the call.
After an initial exchange of pleasantries, the President used the remainder of the call to advance his personal interests.
Setting aside the characterization of the purpose as "personal interests," the allocation of the number of words between pleasantries and a request for help with investigations accurately reflects the memorandum.
The complaint then describes what Trump wanted Ukraine to do.
Initiate or continue an investigation into the activities of former Vice President Joseph Biden and his son, Hunter Biden
Confirmed, according to the memorandum that quotes Trump as saying the following: "The other thing. There’s a lot of talk about Biden’s son, that Biden stopped the prosecution and a lot of people want to find out about that so whatever you can do with the Attorney General would be great. Biden went around bragging that he stopped the prosecution so if you can look into it... It sounds horrible to me."
Assist in purportedly uncovering that allegations of Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential election originated in Ukraine, with a specific request that the Ukrainian leader locate and turn over servers used by the Democratic National Committee (DNC) and examined by the U.S. cyber security firm Crowdstrike.
Confirmed, according to the memorandum.
Trump is quoted as saying: "I would like you to do us a favor though because our country has been through a lot and Ukraine knows a lot about it. I would like you to find out what happened with this whole situation with Ukraine, they say Crowdstrike... I guess you have one of your wealthy people... The server, they say Ukraine has it. There are a lot of things that went on, the whole situation. I think you’re surrounding yourself with some of the same people. I would like to have the Attorney General call you or your people and I would like you to get to the bottom of it.
"As you saw yesterday, that whole nonsense ended with a very poor performance by a man named Robert Mueller, an incompetent performance, but they say a lot of it started with Ukraine. Whatever you can do, it’s very important that you do it if that’s possible."
Meet or speak with two people the President named explicitly as his personal envoys on these matters, Mr. Giuliani and Attorney General Barr, to whom the President referred multiple times in tandem.
Confirmed, according to the memorandum: Zelensky is the first to bring up Giuliani’s name. As for what Trump said, he did mention both men several times and in tandem.
Trump: "Mr. Giuliani is a highly respected man. He was the mayor of New York City, a great mayor, and I would like him to call you. I will ask him to call you along with the Attorney General. Rudy very much knows what’s happening and he is a very capable guy. If you could speak to him that would be great."
Trump: "I would like to have the Attorney General call you or your people."
Trump: "I will have Mr. Giuliani give you a call and I am also going to have Attorney General Barr call and we will get to the bottom of it."
The President also praised Ukraine’s Prosecutor General, Mr. Yuriy Lutsenko, and suggested that Mr. Zelenskyy might want to keep him in his position.
This is ambiguous. Trump made no reference to Lutsenko by name. What he said was, "I heard you had a prosecutor who was very good and he was shut down and that’s really unfair. A lot of people are talking about that, the way they shut your very good prosecutor down and you had some very bad people involved."
Trump might have been thinking of the previous prosecutor general Viktor Shokin; that would fit more with a prosecutor who had been "shut down." The current prosecutor at the time, however, was Lutsenko. From the memorandum, which indicates that certain sections were left out and doesn’t name the prosecutor, we can’t tell for sure.
I was told by White House officials that no other (corruption) "cases" were discussed.
The memorandum shows that only the DNC server and the Bidens came up.
I was told that a State Department official, Mr. T. Ulrich Brechbuhl, also listened in on the call.
He was told wrong. Brechbuhl wasn’t on the call. His boss, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, was.
Trump said that the intelligence community inspector general passed along a "terrible, inaccurate whistleblower report." In reality, the complaint got nearly every detail correct, as the memorandum released by the White House and the impeachment inquiry showed.
It was correct on the request that Ukraine investigate the Bidens and the notion that Ukraine might have the DNC server that was hacked by the Russians in the 2016 election.
It was correct that Trump aimed to connect the Ukrainians with Giluiani and Barr, even down to the detail of Trump mentioning the two in conjunction.
The complaint described Trump as attempting to pressure Ukraine. In the impeachment inquiry, Democrats concluded that was correct, and most Republicans said it was wrong. But the key details the whistleblower offered to back that up were correct.
We rate this claim Pants on Fire.
White House, Remarks by President Trump, Vice President Pence, and Members of the Coronavirus Task Force, April 5, 2020
U.S. Congress, Report on the impeachment of President Donald J. Trump, Dec. 15, 2019
PolitiFact, Read the declassified whistleblower complaint on Ukraine, Biden and Trump, Sept. 26, 2019
PolitiFact, Here's the readout of Donald Trump's call with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, Sept. 25, 2019
PolitiFact, Read: Text messages between US diplomats about Ukraine aid, Trump phone call, Oct. 4, 2019
Read About Our Process
In a world of wild talk and fake news, help us stand up for the facts.