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Four photos showing scenes of fire, billowing smoke and people engaged in a fight date back to 2014 anti-government protests in Ukraine.
Social media users continue to share videos and images of Russia’s invasion into Ukraine for audiences around the world.
But not all of the photos show the current invasion.
"Ukrainian citizens d€str0y 2 Russian tanks with molotov cocktails (Petrol, Gasoline) in Kiev," read one Feb. 26 Facebook post that included four flame-filled photos. "They are using the guerrilla war tactics to counter Russian army in their capital."
The Facebook user also shared the hashtag "#RussiaUkraineWar," again claiming that the photos depicted the ongoing Russian invasion. The photos feature visually dramatic scenes filled with fire, billowing smoke and silhouettes of people engaged in a fight.
The post was flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Facebook.)
Reports show that some Ukrainians have been making Molotov cocktails to use against the Russian forces threatening major cities. On Feb. 25, the Ukrainian Defense Ministry instructed residents in Kyiv to make Molotov cocktails, which are improvised incendiary devices often made with glass bottles, flammable liquid and some type of cloth fuse that can be set on fire.
Using reverse image searches on Google, Bing and Yandex, PolitiFact found that each of the Facebook photos were taken during protests in Kyiv in January 2014.
At the time, there were mass protests in Ukraine, fueled by opposition to then-President Viktor Yanukovych’s decision to turn away from a free trade agreement with Europe and instead pursue closer cooperation with Russia.
In late January 2014, the once-peaceful protests against Yanukovych’s government erupted into fiery battles in the streets, as "thousands of demonstrators hurled rocks and firebombs to set police vehicles ablaze," according to the Associated Press.
The photos shared in the Facebook post were taken during those battles with police.
The photo of a man pointing at the sky against a backdrop of flames and smoke was taken on Jan. 22, 2014, according to the European Pressphoto Agency.
"A protester gesticulates during clashes with riot police at an anti-government protest in downtown Kiev, Ukraine," the caption said.
A reverse image search for two people who appeared to be throwing something into the flames traced the photo back to an Irish Times article from 2014.
From there, we found the original photo on Getty Images.
"Ukrainian anti-government protesters throw Molotov cocktails during clashes with riot police in central Kiev early on Jan. 25, 2014," said the corresponding caption. "Protesters and Ukrainian police were locked in a tense standoff in Kiev after a night of sporadic clashes that erupted despite a truce and offer of concessions by President Viktor Yanukovych."
The third photo featured in the post, which features a person throwing something in the direction of burning tires, also traced back to Getty Images.
"An anti-government protester throws a Molotov cocktail during clashes with police on Hrushevskoho Street near Dynamo stadium on Jan. 25, 2014 in Kiev, Ukraine," read the caption. "After two months of primarily peaceful anti-government protests in the city center, new laws meant to end the protest movement have sparked violent clashes in recent days."
The final photo of a person preparing to fire a slingshot first appeared in Russian journalist Ilya Varlamov’s LiveJournal blog post, in which he wrote about his experience during the 2014 protests. Varlamov did not share specific details about the photo, but he noted that the photos shared were all taken in Kyiv on Jan. 22 or 23, 2014.
Facebook users have also shared videos of the 2014 unrest and falsely claimed they show Ukrainians destroying a Russian tank during the current conflict.
A Facebook post claimed four fiery photos showed Ukrainian citizens destroying two Russian tanks with Molotov cocktails in Kyiv.
The photos actually date back to 2014 anti-government protests in Ukraine.
Claims that the photos depict the current fighting are False.
Facebook post, Feb. 26, 2022
Reuters, "Fact Check-Maidan protest imagery from 2014 miscaptioned on social media," Feb. 26, 2022
The Irish Times, "A year in Ukraine," Nov. 22, 2014
European Pressphoto Agency, "Anti-government protests in Ukraine," Jan. 22, 2014
Getty Images, "Ukraine-unrest-EU-Russia-politics," Jan. 25, 2014
Getty Images, "Protests Continue In Kiev As The Opposition Calls For A Snap Election," Jan. 25, 2014
Varlamovru.livejournal.com, "Revolution in Kiev, Ukraine," Jan. 26, 2014
Vox, "Everything you need to know about the 2014 Ukraine crisis," Sept. 3, 2014
CBS News, "Huge Russian convoy nears Ukraine's capital as invasion enters sixth day," March 1, 2022
Reuters, "Ukraine's anti-government protesters stage first mass rally of 2014," Jan. 12, 2014
Associated Press, "Old video shows Ukrainian revolution, not Russian invasion," March 1, 2022
CBS News, "Ukraine tells residents to make Molotov cocktails," Feb. 25, 2022
WFLA, "Ukrainian brewery joins war effort, switches from beer to Molotov cocktails," Feb. 28, 2022
The Washington Post, "Ukrainians Google ‘how to make a molotov cocktail’ after defense minister’s call to arms," Feb. 25, 2022
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