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The 2020 presidential nominating contest is shaping up as a battle between the progressive and moderate wings of the Democratic Party. But leading the charge on the progressive side is a candidate who has for decades publicly distanced himself from the party.
Although he caucuses with the Democrats in the Senate, and is running to be the party’s standard-bearer heading into the November election, Bernie Sanders is still officially an independent in Congress.
And for most of a long political career that goes back to 1972, he has not only proclaimed his independence, but also voiced pointed skepticism of the Democratic Party.
How does he really feel? We rounded up 11 quotes from various points in Sanders’ career about his own party identification — starting with the left-wing Liberty Union Party — and what he thinks of the Democratic Party.
1977, to the Associated Press, upon leaving the Liberty Union Party to become an independent:
The Liberty Union Party "certainly has not gone as far as I wanted it go to, and in that sense it's a failure."
1985, to the New England Monthly:
"I am not now, nor have I ever been, a liberal Democrat."
1986, to a Cornell student writing a master’s thesis, during Sanders’ run for governor against a Democratic incumbent:
"The main difference between the Democrats and the Republicans in this city is that the Democrats are in insurance and the Republicans are in banking."
1986, to Vermont Affairs magazine:
The Democratic Party is "ideologically bankrupt. … They have no ideology. Their ideology is opportunism."
1988, responding to a letter:
"In Burlington we have a three-party system – Progressive, Republicans and Democrats — and that I think we are doing many good things for working people, poor people and elderly people in our community."
1988, discussing his support for Jesse Jackson in that year’s Democratic presidential primaries:
"I am the only non-Democrat, non-Republican, independent progressive mayor in the United States of America. OK, it is awkward. I freely admit, it is awkward for me to walk into a Democratic Party caucus, believe me, it is awkward. I am not a Democrat. Period."
Bernie Sanders raises his arms in victory after winning the race for Vermont's lone House seat on Nov. 6, 1990. (AP)
1991, to the Associated Press, a few months after winning election to the U.S. House:
"I am extremely proud to be an independent. The fact that I am not a Democrat gives me the freedom to speak out on the floor of the House, to vote against both the Democratic and Republican proposals."
2013, in an interview with the Progressive:
"I am not a Democrat because the Democratic Party today does not represent — and has not for many years — the interests of my constituency, which is primarily working families, middle-class people, and low-income people. While, obviously, the Democratic Party is far preferable to the right-wing extremist Republican Party, one would be very naive not to know that the Democratic Party is also heavily influenced by corporate interests and big money interests."
Bernie Sanders walks through the crowd as he celebrates his victory in the U.S. Senate race in Burlington, Vt., on Nov. 7, 2006.
2015, to Politico:
"What we have today is, I think, a Republican Party which has moved from a center-right party over the last decades to a right-wing extremist party. I think you have a Democratic Party which is not as strong as it should be in standing up for the working class of this country and taking on big-money interests. And that’s been my view for a long time."
2016, in a presidential town hall in New Hampshire, after being asked, "In your heart are you a Democrat?":
"Sure. I have made a decision to run for the Democratic nomination to be president of the United States. I was for 16 years in the House Democratic Caucus, for nine years in the Senate Democratic Caucus. Right now I am the ranking member of the Budget Committee, appointed by the Democratic leadership and membership. A couple of years ago I was very proudly the chairman of the Senate Veterans Committee. So of course I am a Democrat and running for the Democratic nomination."
2019, on a form required by the Democratic National Committee of all Democratic presidential candidates:
"I am a member of the Democratic Party. I will run a Democrat, accept the nomination of my Party, and I will serve as a Democrat if elected."
PolitiFact, "How Bernie Sanders runs in the Democratic primary when he’s an independent in the Senate," March 2, 2020
PolitiFact, "The Democratic debates’ biggest (electoral) losers, by the numbers," Jan. 14, 2020
Bernie Sanders, affirmation form, 2020 campaign
Politico, "Can Bernie Sanders Win the Love of a Party He Scorns?" Aug. 10, 2015
Boston Globe, "Is Bernie Sanders a Democrat? It’s complicated," March 8, 2019
USA Today, "'I am a member of the Democratic Party': Sanders signs loyalty pledge for 2020 bid," March 5, 2019
Seven Days, "A Former Ally Says Bernie Sanders Has Changed," July 29, 2015
Roll Call, "Sanders in ’85: ‘I am Not Now, Nor Have I Ever Been, a Liberal Democrat,’" Feb. 25, 2016
Greg Guma "For Preservation & Change" blog, "Bernie's Paper Trail: The Burlington Years (1981-1990)," May 14, 2015
The Intercept, "On the Ground in Iowa," Feb. 4, 2020
Associated Press, "Socialist in Congress Goes Where Democrats, Republicans Fear to Tread," Sept. 8, 1991
Bernie Sanders, interview with the Progressive, 2013 (accessed via Nexis)
CNN, "Democratic town hall: Transcript, video," Feb. 4, 2016