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President Barack Obama announced his administration was reversing course about the release of photographs depicting the abuse of foreign prisoners. We're rating this the first Full Flop of the Obama presidency.
The matter involves serious issues of national security, government openess and the treatment of foreign prisoners, and it began years ago during the Bush administration.
In 2003, the American Civil Liberties Union filed a Freedom of Information Act request demanding the release of documents and photographs related to detainees being held overseas by the United States. When the Bush administration refused to release the information, the ACLU filed suit in federal court.
The lawsuit has been plodding along ever since. It was one of the key factors for Obama's decision to release memos from the Bush administration that provided a legal justification for harsh interrogation methods that included waterboarding.
The memos were released April 16, 2009. About a week later, the administration announced it intended to release photos depicting prisoner abuse as well.
"The 2nd Circuit Court ruled in December of 2008 that the photos had to be released," said White House spokesman Robert Gibbs on April 24. "The previous administration lost a court case on that. The Department of Justice decided based on the ruling that it was hopeless to appeal, and a mandate ordering the release of those photos came Monday. And the administration, the Pentagon, and the court entered into an agreement to release those photos.
"So this is part of the very same case that (Office of Legal Counsel) memos were derived from. This was a court case based on information that was compelled to be released."
But during the next two weeks, the Obama administration reversed course. On May 13, Gibbs said the administration would not release the photos and would appeal any rulings requiring it to do so.
"The president does not believe that the strongest case regarding the release of these photos was presented to the court, and that was a case based on his concern of what the release of these would do to our national security," Gibbs said. "He believes that the release of these photos could pose a threat to the men and women we have in harm's way in Iraq and Afghanistan, and doesn't believe that the government made the strongest case possible to the court and asked the legal team to go make that case."
When pressed about the reversal, Gibbs implied that timing was an issue. "The argument that the president seeks to make is one that hasn't been made before. I'm not going to get into blame for this or that, understanding that there was significant legal momentum in these cases prior to the president entering into office," Gibbs said.
Obama appeared later that day to make a statement on the decision.
He said the photos were from investigations that had been completed prior to his taking office.
"In other words, this is not a situation in which the Pentagon has concealed or sought to justify inappropriate action," Obama said. "Rather, it has gone through the appropriate and regular processes. And the individuals who were involved have been identified, and appropriate actions have been taken.
"It's therefore my belief that the publication of these photos would not add any additional benefit to our understanding of what was carried out in the past by a small number of individuals. In fact, the most direct consequence of releasing them, I believe, would be to further inflame anti-American opinion and to put our troops in greater danger. Moreover, I fear the publication of these photos may only have a chilling effect on future investigations of detainee abuse."
Obama also said that the abuse of detainees in custody is prohibited.
"Any abuse of detainees is unacceptable. It is against our values. It endangers our security. It will not be tolerated," he concluded.
The ACLU sharply criticized Obama's reversal.
"The Obama administration's adoption of the stonewalling tactics and opaque policies of the Bush administration flies in the face of the president's stated desire to restore the rule of law, to revive our moral standing in the world and to lead a transparent government," said executive director Anthony Romero in a written statement. "If the Obama administration continues down this path, it will betray not only its promises to the American people, but its commitment to this nation's most fundamental principles."
Congressional hawks such as Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., and Sen. Joe Lieberman, an independent from Connecticut who caucuses with the Democrats, had urged Obama not to release the photos on the grounds that it would stoke recruitment among terrorist groups overseas. House Republican Leader John Boehner praised Obama's decision, saying, “Making these images public would only serve to embolden our enemies and increase the danger for our troops."
Some will argue that Obama's reversal is a prudent course correction, while others will say it undermines his stated values of transparency. We're not taking a position on what the reversal means, but we are noting it as a complete reversal, the first one we've documented for Obama. We rate his change on the photo release a Full Flop.
White House Web site, press briefing by Press Secretary Robert Gibbs , May 13, 2009
White House Web site, press briefing by Press Secretary Robert Gibbs , April 24, 2009
White House Web site, statement by the President on the situation in Sri Lanka and the detaineed photographs , May 13, 2009
American Civil Liberties Union et. al. vs. U.S. Department of Defense et. al, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, Case No. 1:04-cv-04151-AKH, accessed via PACER
American Civil Liberties Union, Obama administration reverses promise to release torture photos , May 13, 2009
American Civil Liberties Union, letter copied to the ACLU from the U.S. Department of Justice , May 13, 2009
Lindsey Graham Senate Web site, Graham, Lieberman encourage President Obama to fight photographs release , May 7, 2009
Office of the House Republican Leader, Boehner Statement on President’s Decision to Fight Release of Detainee Photos , May 13, 2009
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