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Rep. Claudia Tenney told a TV news station that the rich would not fare well under the Republican tax plan passed by the House last month.
New York state’s highest earners would have paid more in taxes, said Tenney, a congresswoman from the Utica area.
"Unfortunately, the wealthy are, again, not going to do well in this bill," Tenney said. "Unlike what you’re hearing from Chuck Schumer, he’s getting an awful lot of blowback from people down in New York City who are the highest earners in our state who are very upset because they’re actually going to pay more in taxes unlike what he’s claiming when he’s on the street."
Congress passed a final tax bill this week. The new version is a combination of ideas from the House and Senate plans.
Tenney was speaking about the House bill that lawmakers passed last month, according to her spokesperson. She was among the four Republican lawmakers from New York state to vote for it. The state’s five other Republicans opposed the bill. Tenney also voted to approve the final tax bill.
We’re basing our fact check on what the House bill included at the time of her statement. Was Tenney right? Would the House bill have hurt the wealthy?
Bad for the wealthy
Experts said one provision included in both bills would disproportionately harm high-income earners: eliminating state and local tax deductions.
The House bill capped the deduction for local property taxes at $10,000 while ending the deduction for state income and sales tax altogether. The final tax bill keeps all state and local tax deductions while maintaining the $10,000 cap.
"That primarily affects people with really high incomes," said Len Burman, a co-founder of the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center.
More than 90 percent of filers who make $200,000 or more deduct their state and local taxes, according to the Tax Policy Center.
For extremely wealthy people, the benefits they would have gotten from the tax bill outweigh what they would have lost by not being able to deduct a higher amount of state and local taxes, experts said. And the cap would be a bigger thorn in the side for wealthy people in New York state since they pay higher local and state taxes than those in other states.
Tenney did not specify if she was talking about the wealthy in New York state or across the U.S. Her claim appears to be about the wealthy in the U.S. The information her office provided dealt with wealthy people overall in the U.S. -- not just New York state. If she was just talking about New York state's wealthy, experts said they, too, would still do well, but probably not as well as those in other states.
Benefits for the wealthy
All told, about 71 percent of those making more than $912,000 would have benefited from the House bill over the next decade, according to the Tax Policy Center.
Similar research from the Tax Foundation, a right-leaning tax policy organization, found the top 1 percent of earners would have seen an increase in after-tax income of at least 3.3 percent by 2027 if the House bill became law.
An analysis of the final tax bill by the Tax Policy Center found 75 percent of the top 1 percent of earners would get a tax cut in 2027. Unlike the House version, the final bill also lowers the top tax bracket from 39.6 percent to 37 percent.
At no point would the majority of those earners have seen an increase in federal taxes because of the House bill, according to research from both groups.
Among the provisions that give the wealthy a break:
- • The exemption for the estate tax -- a tax on one’s property after death but before it’s given to an heir -- would double to about $11 million in the House and Senate bills. That idea made it into the final tax bill.
- • The House bill also called for lowering the corporate tax rate from 35 percent to 20 percent. The final bill puts it at 21 percent.
- • Wealthy earners also benefit from tax relief for pass-through companies, experts said. The House plan would have capped the tax rate on pass-through income at 25 percent, down from the current maximum of 39.6 percent. That change was not included in the final tax bill. Pass-through companies will instead be allowed to deduct up to 20 percent of their income.
Tenney said "the wealthy are, again, not going to do well in this bill."
There can be many variables figured into each person's tax return. So generalizing the affects of a far-reaching tax bill can be tricky. But research shows that Tenney’s statement is wrong. Experts agree the wealthiest taxpayers would have come out ahead in the House tax plan. They may lose the deduction for state and local taxes, but research shows that loss is outweighed by other benefits.
The final tax plan includes many of the same benefits for the wealthy as the House bill. We did not consider those for our ruling since Tenney was talking about the House bill.
We rate her claim Mostly False.
"Tenney speaks on tax bill", WKTV, Dec. 3, 2017
Phone interview with Len Burman, co-founder of the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center
Phone interview with William R. Cline, senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics
"Analysis of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act", Tax Policy Center
"Distributional Analysis of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act as Passed by the Senate", Tax Policy Center, Dec. 4, 2017
"State and Local Tax Deduction by State and AGI" Tax Policy Center
"Updated Details and Analysis of the 2017 House Tax Cuts and Jobs Act", Tax Foundation
Senate votes to pursue tax bill negotiations with House, Reuters, Dec. 6, 2017
PolitiFact: The House and Senate tax bills, explained, Nov. 28, 2017
"How Every Member Voted on the House Tax Bill", New York Times, Nov. 16, 2017
"What Are Pass-Through Businesses And How Could The GOP Tax Plans Affect Them?", NPR, Nov. 28, 2017
"How The Pass-Through Tax Cut Is Better In The Senate", Forbes, Nov. 12, 2017
"What's in—and Out of—the Final Republican Tax Bill", The Atlantic, Dec. 17, 2017
"What's in the GOP's final tax plan", CNN, Dec. 15, 2017
"Key details revealed in Republican tax deal", CNN, Dec. 13, 2017
"Tax bill: What's in and what's out?", Fox News, Dec. 13, 2017
"Republican Tax Bill in Final Sprint Across Finish Line", New York Times, Dec. 13, 2017
"Distributional Analysis of the Conference Agreement for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act", Tax Policy Center, Dec. 18, 2017
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