Lifelong political rivals Todd Rokita and Luke Messer have been locked in a bitter personal feud to represent Indiana in the U.S. Senate for over a year. But they had reason to band together in the last debate before voting day.
Mike Braun, the third challenger who touts himself as a business-savvy outsider, called his rivals advocates of former President Barack Obama — in a race that has been all about who is most aligned with President Donald Trump.
Braun built his career as a businessman and served three years in the state House of Representatives and 10 years on the Jasper School Board. Messer and Rokita have represented Indiana in Congress for three and four terms respectively. The three are competing in a May 8 primary for the Republican nomination for U.S. Senate.
"Let’s make it clear," Braun said. "They voted to fast-track Obama’s trade deals. Now, they’re acting like it’s a tool for President Trump. They can’t escape it, I know it’s tough. They try to twist it, but that’s the truth. That was Obama’s fast-tracking and look at the trade deals we got into."
Messer and Rokita shot back.
"Not one trade deal passed under Obama with the authority you cited," Messer said. "Not one, Mike. And you know it."
"Not one trade deal passed for President Obama," Rokita said. "We made sure of that."
So who’s telling the truth? Both sides make fair points.
Presidents are the usual trade negotiators, but the Constitution only allows Congress to set tariffs. So Congress can speed up, or fast-track, votes on trade by allowing for a change in the rules.
That is, Congress can’t amend or filibuster a trade agreement, and the deal only needs 51 votes in the Senate to pass. These have been granted in some form or another to most presidents since Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
In each specific law, Congress lays out the conditions for the deals the president will negotiate.
"If you are bringing back a trade agreement for an up or down vote, no amendments procedure, Congress tells the president, it has to do all these things we lay out," said Edward Alden, a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.
Alden said the conditions laid out in the 2015 TPA were designed for the negotiation of Obama’s Trans-Pacific Partnership, or TPP.
That said, the rules would apply to any trade negotiation in that time period. If the Trump administration renegotiates the North American Free Trade Agreement, it will also be submitted under the 2015 trade authority Messer and Rokita voted for.
The 2015 law included a provision that would automatically renew it on July 1, 2018, for the next three years, unless Congress votes to block it. Trump requested its renewal on March 20.
"These are modifications of the House and Senate rules (in this case the House) that apply regardless of who’s president," said Grant Aldonas, a senior advisor on international trade at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. "So to the extent it’s characterized as voting to fast-track a particular president’s trade deal, that’s wrong."
But Messer and Rokita bring up good points: TPP never came to a vote because the Republican Congress blocked it. Congress never got to give the agreement a formal up or down vote, but opponents did effectively kill the deal.
To be clear, three trade deals with Colombia, South Korea and Panama passed under Obama in October 2011. But those had been primarily negotiated under President George W. Bush, and were not subject to the 2015 law in question.
Braun said Messer and Rokita "voted to fast-track Obama’s trade deals."
Messer and Rokita indeed voted in favor of fast-track authority in 2015. The authority was for three years, counting toward both Obama and his successor’s trade deals. It has and will apply to Trump’s trade deals for another three years if Congress does not vote to block it come July.
The law would have applied to the TPP if it had come up for a vote. But a vote in favor of the authority does not equate a vote in favor of the deal. Messer and Rokita could have still voted against "Obama’s trade deals."
We rate this statement Half True.
WFYI.org, U.S. Senate Republican Primary Debate, April 30, 2018
Phone interview with Edward Alden, senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and author of the book, Failure to Adjust: How Americans Got Left Behind in the Global Economy, May 3, 2018
Phone interview with Grant Aldonas, senior advisor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, May 2, 2018
Phone interview with Michael Hicks, director of the Center for Business and Economic Research at Ball State University, May 2, 2018
Email interview with I. M. 'Mac' Destler, professor of public policy at the University of Maryland and author of the book, American Trade Politics, May 3, 2018
Email interview with Hal Shapiro, international trade lawyer, May 3, 2018
Clerk.House.gov, H.R. 2146 votes
WaysandMeans.House.gov, Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015: Section-by-Section Summary, June 2015
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