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- In 1977, Ruth Bader Ginsburg co-authored a report that advocated for gender-neutral language in U.S. laws. As an example of such language, the report quoted a proposed bill that said a person would be guilty of an offense if they compelled someone to participate in a sexual act using coercion, drugging them, or if “the other person is, in fact, less than 12 years old.”
- The words weren’t Ginsburg’s.
Fans of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg may be surprised to learn that, at least according to a post being shared widely on Facebook, she once advocated for lowering the age of consent to tween.
"The age of consent for sexual acts must be lowered to age 12 years old," reads the quote attributed to "Ruth Traitor Ginsburg" in 1977.
This post was flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Facebook.)
The claim is an old one, raised back in 1993 during Ginsburg’s Supreme Court confirmation hearings before the Senate Judiciary Committee. Susan Hirschmann, executive director of the conservative Eagle Forum, then said that among Ginsburg’s "extremist feminist concepts" was the belief that "the age of consent for sexual acts must be lowered to 12 years old."
The report mentions "consent" in a few places.
On page 95, the report describes the current law at the time — "it is a crime for a person to have carnal knowledge of a female not his wife who has not reached 16 years of age" — and notes that rape was then defined as anyone "who commits an act of sexual intercourse with a female not his wife, by force or without her consent."
"The ‘statutory rape’ offense is defined in these sections in much the same way," the report says. "The victim must be a female and the offender a male. … These provisions clearly fail to comply with the equal rights principle. They fail to recognize that women of all ages are not the only targets of sexual assault; men and boys can also be victims of rape. In the case of statutory rape, the immaturity and vulnerability of young people of both sexes could be protected through appropriately drawn, sex-neutral proscriptions."
The report goes on to suggest changes to the current law to remove sex bias, such as changing federal law to extend Secret Service protections to "the spouse or surviving spouse of a woman president" instead of just the wife or widow of the president.
Toward the end of page 101, the report suggests changing another law and quotes a proposed Senate bill, which used gender-neutral language to describe the victim of a crime: A person is guilty of an offense if they compelled someone to participate in a sexual act using coercion, drugging them, or if "the other person is, in fact, less than 12 years old."
"This report recommends alteration of pronoun usage throughout the Senate bill… to conform with the proposed sex-neutral terminology format," the report then says.
Bottom line: The words weren’t Ginsburg’s, and they weren’t used to express support for the proposal — the purpose was to demonstrate gender-neutral language.
Still, this section of the report has inspired many false claims and fact-checks over the years. In 2005, Slate published a story about the claim after Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., said Ginsburg "wants the age of consent to be 12."
"Ginsburg and her co-author argue that the law should be rewritten to outlaw sexual abuse of any minor, male or female, by any person who is significantly older, male or female," Slate said.
We rate this post False.
Facebook post, July 24, 2020
United States Senate, Supreme Court nomination hearings, visited Aug. 10, 2020
Susan Hirschmann testimony re: Ruth Bader Ginsburg, July 23, 1993
Slate, Lindsey Graham’s smear, Sept. 16, 2005
Snopes, Did Ruth Bader Ginsburg say that pedophilia was good for children?, visited Aug. 11, 2020
Reuters, Fact check: False Ruth Bader Ginsburg quote on age of consent, Aug. 7, 2020
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