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A headline on an online story says, "Puerto Rico mayor facing fraud charges over $3M in federal disaster relief."
The article includes a photo of San Juan Mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz, wearing a shirt with "NASTY" printed in large block letters. This photo is taken from a television appearance following Hurricane Maria, which struck Puerto Rico in September 2017.
Cruz was a vocal critic of President Donald Trump, accusing him of providing insufficient aid to the island.
On Facebook, the story's link preview shows Cruz’s face above the headline. But she has not been accused of fraud related to hurricane relief.
The article, published July 15 on Your News Wire, reveals that Cruz isn’t facing charges at all. A different Puerto Rican mayor was accused. (Fact-checkers at The Weekly Standard caught that the initial version of the story said that Cruz and her party faced charges, but the language had been changed by the time we looked at it. Some versions of the story copied elsewhere had not made the change.)
We decided to dig a little deeper and see what else might be misleading about this story.
The mayor facing fraud charges is Miguel Ortiz-Vélez of Sabana Grande. Federal authorities have accused him of running a three-year scheme, beginning in 2013 and ending in 2016, to defraud the government of $3 million. Ortiz-Vélez proposed projects to the Puerto Rico Department of Education, but intentionally overestimated their cost.
He gave the extra money to the companies he contracted out for the work, as well as to the city. The owner of one of the companies reimbursed Ortiz-Vélez nearly $23,000 in cash.
Ortiz-Vélez was indicted on July 2 for theft of government money, mail fraud, and money laundering. If he is found guilty, he could face up to 30 years in prison.
The article on Your News Wire mixes the alleged Ortiz-Vélez scheme with another case of fraud in Puerto Rico. Two finance directors in Tao Baja were accused of misusing federal funds from the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Department of Health and Human Services.
The Your News Wire story implies that this money was meant as hurricane relief funds, calling it "assistance funds" that were given "during the same general time frame as the disaster."
This scheme took place from 2014 until early 2016, long before Hurricane Maria in September 2017. The money was meant to be used for promoting economic development and building new public facilities. Instead, the finance directors put the funds toward paying municipal employees and contractors.
This investigation is ongoing, and, again, separate from the investigation into Ortiz-Vélez.
There have been allegations against Cruz as well, which some outlets have connected to misuse of federal disaster relief funds. In February 2018, a former government worker sued the municipality of San Juan. She claims that the city was committing fraud by paying some contractors far more than others. She also claims she was demoted for speaking out against the corruption.
A local San Juan paper reported that, according to two unnamed sources, the FBI has opened an investigation into the alleged fraud. However, the plaintiff of the suit resigned in June 2017, before Hurricane Maria. The suit does not include any mention of federal disaster aid.
The article said, "Puerto Rico Mayor Facing Fraud Charges Over $3M In Federal Disaster Relief."
The article was styled to make it seem that Cruz, the vocal San Juan mayor, was responsible for the fraud. The entire first half of the article focuses on her liberal politics and her objections to Trump, rather than any specific crimes. All of this is severely misleading.
The reporting on the underlying fraud itself is bungled. It has nothing to do with "federal disaster relief." The story mixes up two unrelated cases of fraud stemming from Puerto Rico that took place over a year before Maria struck.
We rate the statement False.
YourNewsWire.com, "Puerto Rico mayor facing fraud charges over #3M in federal disaster relief," July 15, 2018
NBC News, "San Juan Mayor Carmen Yulin Cruz to Trump: You can't handle the truth," Nov. 1, 2017
Associated Press, "Puerto Ricans accused of misusing $8M in funds," July 8, 2018
Department of Justice, U.S. Attorney's Office press release, "Mayor Of The Municipality Of Sabana Grande Indicted For Conversion Of Federal Funds, Fraud, And Money Laundering," July 5, 2018
Department of Housing and Urban Development, "Section 108 Loan Guarantee Program"
Fox News, "Administration of Trump-bashing Puerto Rican mayor reportedly facing FBI corruption probe," June 18, 2018
El Vocero, "Federal magnifying glass in mess with suppliers in San Juan," June 8, 2018
United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico, "Yadira Molina v. The Municipio de San Juan," February 12, 2018
Weekly Standard, "Fact Check: Is Mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz of San Juan Facing Charges of Over $3 Million in Fraud?" July 17, 2018
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