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Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo wants state lawmakers to pass a bill he believes would prevent more women from being murdered by people close to them.
The bill would remove guns from people convicted on misdemeanor domestic violence charges. Guns are currently only taken away if someone has a felony conviction for domestic violence.
"Half of the American women who are murdered are killed by their intimate partners," Cuomo said at a March 13 rally.
The bill is part of Cuomo’s 2018 Women’s Agenda, a list of more than two dozen proposals concerning healthcare, equal pay and gun violence among other issues.
The domestic violence bill doubles as one of the governor’s proposals to add to the state’s gun control laws. New York state already has one of the lowest rates of gun-caused death in the country, but Cuomo believes the proposal could drive that number lower.
Is he right that half of women murdered in the U.S. are killed by their intimate partners?
Cuomo’s claim comes from data released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2017.
The agency looked at the homicides of 10,018 adult women in 18 states from 2003 to 2014.
The circumstances of the homicide were known in 8,028 of the cases.
Of those, 4,442 homicides, or 55.3 percent, were related to intimate partner violence. The report defines an intimate partner as a current, former, or unspecified spouse or romantic partner. Women killed while intervening in an incident of intimate partner violence, like a friend or family member, were also counted in this category.
Almost 80 percent of intimate partner homicides involved a current intimate partner. About 11 percent of victims had experienced violence in the month preceding their death.
An argument preceded the victim’s death in about a third of intimate partner homicides, the report found.
The report does not include data on the criminal history of the suspects. It’s not known what share had a history of domestic violence.
But the agency did collect information on the type of weapon used in each homicide.
A firearm was used in 5,234 of the total homicides, or almost 54 percent. That’s more than double the number of victims killed with a sharp instrument, the next most-documented weapon.
The authors of the report suggest legislation like Cuomo’s could help prevent more female homicides in the future.
"State statutes limiting access to firearms for persons under a domestic violence restraining order can serve as another preventive measure associated with reduced risk for intimate partner homicide and firearm intimate partner homicide," the report said.
A report from the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics found an estimated 45 percent of female homicide victims were killed by an intimate partner in 2007.
New York state data
Numbers in New York state mirror national data.
About 48 percent of female domestic homicides in New York state involved an intimate partner in 2016, according to a report from the state Division of Criminal Justice Services. A firearm was used in about a third of all domestic homicides in New York state.
The state data does not include homicides where there was no known relationship between the suspect and victim.
Cuomo said "Half of the American women who are murdered are killed by their intimate partners."
Data collected by the CDC supports Cuomo’s claim. More than half of the female homicides the agency studied involved an intimate partner when the relationship was known.
We rate his claim True.
Email conversation with Richard Azzopardi, spokesperson for Cuomo
"Racial and Ethnic Differences in Homicides of Adult Women and the Role of Intimate Partner Violence — United States, 2003–2014," Centers for Disease Control, July 21, 2017
"Domestic Homicide in New York State 2016," New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services, 2017
"Female Victims of Violence," U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, September 2009
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