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In his personal blog, Gugino writes that he has been arrested four times. After research, we did not find evidence of other arrests.
Friends describe him as a peaceful protester, not someone who riots “for a living.”
Friends and acquaintances described the 75-year-old man whom police shoved to the ground in Buffalo, N.Y., as a peaceable activist. But baseless posts on social media accuse Martin Gugino of having a very different background.
One Facebook post claimed, without evidence, that Gugino is a lifelong criminal.
"This is the ‘kindly old man’ who was ‘pushed’ in Buffalo," the June 9 post said, alongside a photo that shows Gugino with a U.S. Park Police officer. "Mr. Gugino had been previously arrested 300 times. 82 times for incitement. Riots is what he does for a living."
The photo in the post is real, said photographer Justin Norman, who confirmed to PolitiFact that he snapped it on Jan. 12, 2012, during a peaceful demonstration outside the White House.
But the caption is another story. Kelly V. Zarcone, Gugino’s attorney, said the post is "just making things up."
"The statements in that Facebook post are preposterous," added Vicki Ross, executive director of the Western New York Peace Center and a friend of Gugino’s.
Gugino has worked on causes around Buffalo and is involved in Catholic peace activism and nuclear disarmament, according to the Buffalo News. He remains hospitalized from the June 4 push that was captured on video and left him bleeding from his ear.
We found no evidence he has been arrested anywhere close to 300 times. The record we could verify matches the one Gugino provides on his personal blog: four arrests and zero convictions.
On his personal blog, Gugino says he’s been arrested four times: in 2009 in California’s Orange County, in 2012 and 2013 near the White House, and in 2016 outside the U.S. Capitol.
We confirmed that each of those arrests took place through publicly available information.
Gugino was found not guilty of a misdemeanor charge for trespassing in 2009, for example, according to online case records from the superior court in Orange County, Calif.
The photo in the Facebook post shows Gugino’s 2012 arrest. The caption on Flickr, an image hosting service, says Gugino was "arrested for peacefully protesting against the Guantanamo detention center in front of the White House."
The demonstration was organized by Witness Against Torture, a group that protests the U.S. detention center at Guantanamo Bay, and Gugino was arrested as part of a larger group for trespassing, said Norman, the photographer.
At the time, the group said that more than 30 activists wearing Guantanamo-style orange jumpsuits and holding signs were arrested after occupying a sidewalk in front of the White House for more than three hours.
Gugino was arrested a third time in 2013 for demonstrating without a permit on a White House sidewalk, said Sgt. Eduardo Delgado, the public information officer for the U.S. Park Police. He was one of 19 protesters arrested for failure to obey lawful order under the district’s regulations.
Delgado said the U.S. Park Police transitioned to a new database in 2013, so he could not find a record of Gugino’s 2012 arrest, which Norman’s photo shows was handled by the Park Police.
Gugino’s fourth arrest came in 2016, during an afternoon protest on the rotunda steps of the U.S. Capitol, said Eva Malecki, public information officer for the U.S. Capitol Police. Gugino was one of 35 protesters arrested for unlawful demonstration, a misdemeanor. He was processed and released that same day.
We found no public information to suggest Gugino has other arrests on his record. There could be records that were expunged or that we didn’t find, but 296 more would be a stretch.
We searched Google, Nexis and the Internet Archive for news records of events involving Gugino. We checked PACER, which keeps case and docket information for federal courts.
We also queried online databases, contacted courts or called police departments for each of the places where Gugino has lived, according to Whitepages. That includes cities and counties in Ohio, Wisconsin, California and New York — including Buffalo, where he lives now.
"This is a Catholic worker," said Ross, the Western New York Peace Center’s director, who said she has known Gugino for 10 years and likely been with him hundreds of times at meetings, events and protests. "These people could not be more self-sacrificing and nonviolent."
"I personally have never seen him make unnecessary trouble," added Sage Green, the former program manager of PUSH Buffalo, an economic and environmental justice group.
Social media users who encountered posts claiming Gugino had been arrested 300 times might have been suspicious, and rightfully so.
The Facebook post was uploaded without any supporting evidence, and it was removed shortly after we reached out to the poster for a response.
In a reply to other comments questioning the post’s veracity, the poster said they tried to find proof that the claims were accurate but hadn’t "been able to back it up."
"If it’s so fake, I’m just wondering why Facebook hasn’t fact-checked me yet," the user wrote.
The Twitter user offered no additional evidence when we contacted him but suggested we run Gugino’s name through the same system — a move we’re not legally authorized to do. He did not answer when we asked why hundreds of alleged arrests were not showing up elsewhere.
The FBI declined to comment on the accuracy of the claims about Gugino.
A Facebook post said, "Gugino had been previously arrested 300 times. 82 times for incitement. Riots is what he does for a living."
We found no evidence that Gugino has been arrested more than the four times he mentions on his personal blog, let alone 300 times. Friends describe him as a peaceful protester.
We rate this statement False.
PolitiFact researcher Caryn Baird contributed to this report.
Various searches on Google, Nexis and the Internet Archive, June 10, 2020
Database searches and phone calls to various courts and police departments, June 11, 2020
Database search on PACER, June 11, 2020
Martin Gugino’s personal blog, accessed June 10, 2020
Witness Against Torture, "More Than Thirty Anti-Torture Activists Arrested at White House," accessed June 12, 2020
Twitter post, June 9, 2020
Justin Norman on Flickr, Jan. 12, 2012
Email interview with Kelly V. Zarcone, attorney at Lipman & Zarcone, PLLC, June 10, 2020
Email interview with Justin Norman, photographer at Shrieking Tree, June 11, 2020
Email interview with Vicki Ross, executive director at the WNY Peace Center, June 10, 2020
Text exchange with Sage Green, former program manager of PUSH Buffalo, June 11, 2020
Twitter messages exchange with Roscoe B. Davis, June 11, 2020
Phone call with Eva Malecki, public information officer at U.S. Capitol Police, June 11, 2020
Email correspondence with Julia McMurray, public affairs specialist for the U.S. Secret Service, June 11, 2020
Email interview with Sgt. Eduardo Delgado, public information officer for the U.S. Park Police, June 11, 2020
Email correspondence with Holly Morris, public affairs specialist with the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information Services division, June 12, 2020
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