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For weeks, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., has been using floor speeches to target Charles and David Koch, the industrialist brothers with libertarian political views who have spent generously -- and gotten others to spend generously -- to support conservative candidates and issues.
In an April 2, 2014, floor speech, Reid criticized a House budget proposal drawn up by Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., saying it reflected the principles of the Koch brothers and would lower taxes on the wealthy.
"Is $80 billion of personal wealth for the Koch brothers enough?" Reid asked. "I think most everyone would say yes, it's enough. But not the Koch brothers. They want more. They're the richest people in the world. Individually they're only fifth. Put them together they're the richest in the world."
We wondered: Is that correct? Reid’s office didn’t respond to an inquiry for this story, but we were able to find some answers.
It’s tricky to say definitively who is richer than who, because of privacy issues and fluctuations in market values. But the longstanding yardstick for measuring the world’s richest people comes from Forbes magazine, which publishes both the Forbes 400 (a list of the 400 richest Americans) and the World’s Billionaires (which tracks more than 1,600 billionaires across the globe).
Currently, Charles and David Koch, when measured as individuals, are tied for sixth place on the international list, with $40.7 billion each. Combined, their net worth is $81.4 billion, which is higher than the highest-ranking individual on the list -- Microsoft founder Bill Gates, at $77.8 billion. (A third brother, William, has long been estranged from Charles and David, and media accounts about the brothers’ giving patterns generally do not consider him to be part of the "Koch brothers." William is worth an additional $4 billion.)
So are Charles and David Koch No. 1 in the world? They’re close--but not quite.
Reid ignored one other family that, collectively, has greater net worth than the Kochs: the Waltons, the heirs to the Walmart fortune. Here’s the rundown, in descending order of their ranking on the Forbes international list:
9. Christy Walton and family: $38 billion
10. Jim Walton: $35.6 billion
11. Alice Walton: $35.1 billion
12. S. Robson Walton: $35.1 billion
305. Ann Walton Kroenke: $5.0 billion
367. Nancy Walton Laurie: $4.2 billion
Together, the six Waltons have a net worth of $153 billion -- a little less than double the holdings of Charles and David Koch.
So if Reid is going to put together the Koch brothers, it makes sense to combine the wealth of the Walton family as well. And the Walton family’s wealth is bigger.
Reid said the Koch brothers are "the richest people in the world. Individually they're only fifth. Put them together they're the richest in the world." If you look at families -- which is what Reid is essentially doing -- then Charles and David Koch rank second internationally to six members of the Walton family, at least according to Forbes. That’s still pretty close to the top of the list. We rate his statement Mostly True.
Harry Reid, Senate floor speech, April 2, 2014
Forbes, the World’s Billionaires, accessed April 2, 2014
Forbes, the Forbes 400, September 2013
Village Voice, "The Other Koch Brother: In the shadow of his brothers' Tea Party fame, Bill Koch seems almost like a normal billionaire," Aug. 24 2011
PolitiFact, "Bernie Sanders says Walmart heirs own more wealth than bottom 40 percent of Americans," July 31, 2012
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