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Trump did attempt to cut the CDC’s funding, but Congress prevented it from happening.
While officials in charge of the U.S. response to pandemics did leave in 2018, it’s unclear if they were “fired.”
The U.S. was not on a list of countries receiving COVID-19 tests from the WHO. But the U.S. doesn’t usually rely on the agency for diagnostic tests, and the testing delay was due mainly to an error with the CDC’s protocol.
While Trump has called the Democratic response to the coronavirus a “hoax,” he has not used the term to describe the virus itself.
Democrats have criticized President Donald Trump’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic as disorganized and short-sighted. On Instagram, the critics include some celebrities.
On March 15, actor and comedian D.L. Hughley posted a screenshot of a tweet that makes several claims about the Trump administration’s actions against coronavirus.
"Dear President Trump," reads the tweet, which was published March 13 by an account called Translate Trump. "YOU cut funding to the CDC; YOU fired the Pandemic Response Team; YOU refused WHO tests; YOU wasted 2 weeks calling this outbreak a ‘Democrat hoax.’"
"This is a (sic) what a failed public response to a pandemic looks like."
This post was flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Facebook.) It had more than 42,000 likes as of March 17.
(Screenshot from Instagram)
In the United States, the coronavirus had infected 4,226 people in 49 states, with 94 deaths, as of March 17. On March 11, Trump announced several sweeping actions to slow the spread of the virus, including a ban on travel from a slate of European countries.
Some public health experts have said the Trump administration’s response to the pandemic has been too slow, but are the four claims shown in Hughley’s Instagram post accurate? We looked at each one.
The Instagram post has elements of truth but leaves out a lot of important information. We reached out to Translate Trump and the White House for comments, but we haven’t heard back.
While it’s not accurate to say that Trump "cut" funding for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is accurate to say he tried.
The Trump administration’s initial proposals for the budgets for emerging and zoonotic infectious diseases at the CDC — a key player in the fight against coronavirus — have consistently been lower than what was spent the previous year.
However, Congress reshapes presidential recommendations as it sees fit when it crafts final spending bills.
Every year since Trump has been president, lawmakers have passed funding bills — which he has signed — that not only exceeded what Trump requested for emerging infections but also exceeded the previous year’s spending.
As the chart below shows, funding increased every year from fiscal year 2017 to fiscal year 2020. (We have not included the 2017 proposal, since that was submitted by the Obama administration. The figures for 2020 are preliminary.)
On Feb. 24, Trump asked Congress for a $2.5 billion supplemental budget to help combat the emergence of this coronavirus. House Democrats said the amount was insufficient, and instead passed an $8.3 billion bill that Trump signed March 6. The money will fund efforts to develop a vaccine and help local governments respond to the pandemic.
This needs context. "Fired" is a strong term for what happened, and Trump recently created a team to lead the government’s response to COVID-19.
In May 2018, Rear Adm. Timothy Ziemer, the senior director of global health and biodefense on the National Security Council, left the administration. He was in charge of the U.S. response to pandemics.
After Ziemer’s departure, the global health team was reorganized as part of an effort by then-National Security Adviser John Bolton. Meanwhile, Tom Bossert, a homeland security adviser who recommended strong defenses against disease, left shortly after Bolton arrived.
The White House didn’t replace either White House official or his team. Instead, Trump looked within his administration to fill roles for the coronavirus response.
In January, Trump appointed his Health and Human Services secretary, Alex Azar, to chair a coronavirus task force. On Feb. 26, he announced that Vice President Mike Pence would take charge of the U.S. response to the coronavirus.
This contains a hint of truth, but it’s mostly inaccurate. Former Vice President Joe Biden made a similar claim during the March 15 Democratic presidential debate.
A March 6 Politico article says the World Health Organization shipped coronavirus tests to nearly 60 countries at the end of February, but the U.S. was not among them. That is correct, but it suggests that the U.S. would normally have been on the list, which is not the case.
"No discussions occurred between WHO and CDC about WHO providing COVID-19 tests to the United States," said WHO spokeswoman Margaret Harris. "This is consistent with experience since the United States does not ordinarily rely on WHO for reagents or diagnostic tests because of sufficient domestic capacity."
Instead, the U.S. decided to have the CDC develop its own testing protocol, which was published Jan. 28. This caused a lag in testing for the virus in the U.S.
The CDC’s test was different and more complicated than a test published in Germany on Jan. 17. It worked in the CDC lab, but when the materials went out to state labs, some of them got inconsistent results. The CDC had to resend packages with new chemical reagents.
State laboratories started developing their own tests and were ready to use them, but had to wait for emergency approval from the Food and Drug Administration. The combined delays resulted in fewer Americans being tested and a slower U.S. response overall compared with some other countries.
This is inaccurate.
During a Feb. 28 campaign rally in North Charleston, S.C., Trump called the Democratic response to COVID-19 a "hoax." But he did not use the term to describe the virus itself.
During a press conference Feb. 29, Trump was asked about his remarks.
"I'm not talking about what's happening here; I'm talking what they're doing," he said, referring to Democrats. "That's the hoax."
Trump’s comments feed into a conspiracy theory that claims Democrats and the media are fabricating the threat of COVID-19 to hurt the economy and the president’s re-election chances. And the president appeared to downplay the threat of the virus at several points in recent weeks.
But to say that Trump called the virus itself a hoax is false. Plus, the administration took its first action in January by setting up a task force to address the spread of the coronavirus.
An Instagram post made four claims that criticize Trump’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The first, that he "cut funding to the CDC," is partially accurate; Trump tried to cut the agency’s funding, but Congress prevented it from happening. On the second claim, while saying Trump "fired" the "Pandemic Response Team" is a stretch, it’s true that National Security Council staffers left abruptly in 2018 and were not replaced.
The third claim, that Trump "refused WHO tests," contains a hint of truth, but is mostly inaccurate since the U.S. does not usually rely on the WHO for testing protocols. And the fourth claim, which says Trump "wasted two weeks calling this outbreak a ‘Democrat hoax,’" is inaccurate — the president has not called the virus itself a "hoax," just the Democrats’ response to it.
As a whole, the Instagram post contains an element of truth but ignores critical facts that would give a different impression. We rate it Mostly False.
Associated Press, "On virus response, Trump pitches tax relief to wary Congress," March 10, 2020
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cases in U.S., March 17, 2020
Instagram post, March 15, 2020
The New York Times, "Trump Says ‘People Have to Remain Calm’ Amid Coronavirus Outbreak," March 6, 2020
NPR, "Democratic Candidates Step Up Criticism Of Trump's Handling Of Coronavirus," Feb. 29, 2020
Politico, "How testing failures allowed coronavirus to sweep the U.S.," March 6, 2020
PolitiFact, "Ad Watch: Biden video twists Trump’s words on coronavirus," March 15, 2020
PolitiFact, "Biden falsely says Trump administration rejected WHO coronavirus test kits (that were never offered)," March 16, 2020
PolitiFact, "Did Donald Trump fire pandemic officials, defund CDC?" Feb. 28, 2020
PolitiFact, "Fact-checking Donald Trump’s mistakes about European travel due to coronavirus," March 12, 2020
Time magazine, "‘Doomed from the Start.’ Experts Say the Trump Administration’s Coronavirus Response Was Never Going to Work," March 5, 2020
Tweet from Translate Trump, March 13, 2020
USA Today, "Coronavirus updates: $1,000 for all considered; death toll reaches 94; NYC weighs shelter in place," March 17, 2020
The Wall Street Journal, "President Trump Signs Coronavirus Spending Bill," March 6, 2020
The Washington Post, "Congressional leaders launch emergency spending talks for coronavirus response," Feb. 26, 2020
The Washington Post, "Top White House official in charge of pandemic response exits abruptly," May 10, 2018
The Washington Post, "White House homeland security adviser Tom Bossert resigns," April 10, 2018
YouTube video from the White House, March 11, 2020
YouTube video from WLTX, Feb. 28, 2020
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