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Gates has invested at different times in several companies making meat replacement products, including Memphis Meats, which grows meat from living cells in a lab.
We found no evidence that Gates has worked specifically to end livestock production.
Gates has said livestock are critical to fighting poverty. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has committed grants toward helping farmers get more out of their livestock.
Billionaire philanthropist and Microsoft founder Bill Gates is the target of yet another widespread Facebook post, this time for his support of efforts to create climate-friendly meat replacements.
"Bill Gates worked to end livestock production, and is pushing lab grown meat," said a May 4 Facebook post.
The post was flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Facebook.)
In this case, the post is accurate in one way and misleading in another.
Gates has invested in numerous companies working to make meat substitutes using plant-based ingredients and, in some cases, laboratory technology.
But we found no evidence that Gates has worked to wipe out livestock production.
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation did not respond to a request for comment.
News reports from the last several years indicate that Gates has at different times invested in start-ups focused on developing artificial or plant-based alternatives to meat, such as Nature’s Fynd, Hampton Creek, Memphis Meats, Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods.
Impossible Foods, for example, makes burger patties that use soy and potatoes for protein. The patties get their flavor from heme, an iron-rich molecule found in meat and plants that sparked some controversy but was approved for use by the Food and Drug Administration.
According to the Washington Post, the company’s heme "is made by taking the DNA from the roots of soy plants, inserting it into genetically engineered yeast and then fermenting that yeast."
Other companies are even more lab-oriented. Memphis Meats uses biotechnology to grow meat in what its website describes as a four-to-six-week process that involves "sourcing high-quality cells from animals" and "cultivat(ing) the cells into meat."
"Gates has indeed invested in several non-animal alt-protein companies, including Memphis Meats, which grows real meat from animal cells," said Paul Shapiro, author of "Clean Meat: How Growing Meat Without Animals Will Revolutionize Dinner and the World."
In an October interview with Bloomberg News, Gates celebrated Impossible Foods and Beyond Meat for their plant-based meat substitutes. He said he had invested in both and that their products will contribute to a "dramatic reduction in methane emissions, animal cruelty, manure management and the pressure that meat consumption puts on land use."
He’s made similar points on his personal blog, GatesNotes, writing in one post that a rising population requires more food and that farming livestock can take a toll on the environment and require increased deforestation to make room for the animals.
Livestock are responsible for 14.5% of greenhouse gas emissions each year, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
"Raising meat takes a great deal of land and water and has a substantial environmental impact," Gates wrote in a 2013 blog post. "Put simply, there’s no way to produce enough meat for (a future population of) 9 billion people. Yet we can’t ask everyone to become vegetarians."
"That’s why we need more options for producing meat without depleting our resources," he said.
We found no proof that Gates has worked to end livestock production completely.
"He's never said his goal is to end livestock production, and he actually funds some projects to boost livestock-rearing in developing countries," Shapiro said. Shapiro cited the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s agricultural development efforts and a news article detailing $40 million the foundation put toward research and projects to breed cows that produce more milk.
"If you care about the poor, you should care about agriculture, and if you care about agriculture, you care about livestock," Gates said in 2018, according to Reuters. "What that means in this context is helping poor farmers get as much as possible out of their animals."
The foundation has also paid out a number of related grants, according to its website, such as a nearly $8 million grant to the International Livestock Research Institute in November to help "advocate for investment in livestock development globally," among other things.
We searched Google and the Nexis database and found no credible reports showing Gates has worked to end livestock production or said he would like to do so.
On the contrary, Gates wrote in his blog that if he were living in extreme poverty, he would raise chickens. In another post, he said that despite the implications on the climate, "We can’t simply get rid of soil — or stop growing crops, using fertilizer, and raising livestock."
A Facebook post said "Bill Gates worked to end livestock production, and is pushing lab grown meat."
Gates has invested at different times in several companies working to make meat replacements. Some of those companies are using biotechnology to grow their products in labs. But we found no evidence that he has tried to get rid of all livestock production.
Based on the information available, we rate this post Half True.
Facebook posts, May 4, 2020
Various searches on Google and Nexis, accessed May 15, 2020
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "Key facts and findings," accessed May 15, 2020
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, "Agricultural development," accessed May 15, 2020
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, "Awarded grants," accessed May 15, 2020
Memphis Meats, accessed May 15, 2020
Impossible Foods, "What are the ingredients?" accessed May 15, 2020
The Chicago Tribune, "‘Chicken’ nuggets and cream ‘cheese’ grow in trays in a South Side lab. Are you ready for alternative proteins made from a volcanic microbe?" March 24, 2020
CNN, "Memphis Meats raised $161 million to grow meat from cells," Jan. 22, 2020
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, "FDA Announces Effective Date for Final Rule Adding Soy Leghemoglobin to List of Color Additives Exempt from Certification," Dec. 17, 2019
The Washington Post, "Impossible Burger: Here’s what’s really in it," Oct. 23, 2019
Bloomberg News, "Why Bill Gates Thinks Impossible Foods and Beyond Meat Can Help Fight Climate Change," Oct. 16, 2019
GatesNotes, "We should discuss soil as much as we talk about coal," March 26, 2019
MIT Technology Review, "10 Breakthrough Technologies 2019," Feb. 27, 2019
GatesNotes, "What the plow and lab-grown meat tell us about innovation," Feb. 27, 2019
Bloomberg News, "Lab-Grown Meat Backed by Gates, Tyson Foods Faces U.S. Oversight," June 15, 2018
Business Insider, "The magic ingredient in Silicon Valley's favorite 'bleeding' veggie burger is under fire," June 8, 2018
Business Insider, "Bill Gates’ investment in 'super cows' shows that many of the world’s farms are in crisis mode," Feb. 5, 2018
Reuters, "'Super' crops and cows - Bill Gates, UK inject cash into farm science," Jan. 26, 2018
Insider, "Bill Gates and Richard Branson backed a food startup which grows meat in labs," Aug. 23, 2017
GatesNotes, "Why I would raise chickens," June 7, 2016
CNBC, "Bill Gates bets on growing demand for sustainable foods," May 14, 2015
GatesNotes, "Is there enough meat for everyone?" April 21, 2015
NPR, "Why Bill Gates Is Investing In Chicken-Less Eggs," June 13, 2013
GatesNotes, "Future of Food," March 18, 2013
Email interview with Paul Shapiro, CEO of The Better Meat Co. and author of "Clean Meat: How Growing Meat Without Animals Will Revolutionize Dinner and the World," May 15, 2020
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