Stand up for facts and support PolitiFact.
Now is your chance to go on the record as supporting trusted, factual information by joining PolitiFact’s Truth Squad. Contributions or gifts to PolitiFact, which is part of the 501(c)(3) nonprofit Poynter Institute, are tax deductible.
I would like to contribute
Even as coal advocates applied political pressure on Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-Tennessee, the state’s senior senator stood his ground in refusing to join the fight to kill the Environmental Protection Agency’s planned implementation of clean air rules.
Commercials by the group American Commitment, a conservative group recently focusing on boosting the coal industry, branded him an ally of what it calls a "war on coal" by President Obama. The group asked people to call and write Alexander to make him switch his stance and vote for a resolution by Sen. James Inhofe, R-Oklahoma, to disapprove the EPA's new Mercury and Air Toxics Standards (MATS) for power plants.
Alexander responded by saying he was "standing up for Tennessee." He cited the pollution created from "dirty air" blowing into Tennessee from other states causing smog in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, and even pointed out that more Tennesseans work for companies that make pollution-control equipment required under the rule than work mining coal.
At a Congressional field hearing of the House Oversight and Government Reforms Committee in Murfreesboro, Alexander also claimed that one result of "dirty air" is that, in Tennessee, "three of our cities are among the top five worst cities in the U.S. for asthma."
We decided to see if that was indeed true.
A quick primer on asthma from the Mayo Clinic: It is "a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and produce extra mucus. This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath."
The Mayo Clinic says, "It isn't clear why some people get asthma and others don't, but it's probably due to a combination of environmental and genetic (inherited) factors."
Alexander’s office said he was referring to the 2012 Asthma Capitals rankings released in May by the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA). The AAFA describes itself as a non-profit founded in 1953 that "is the leading patient organization for people with asthma and allergies, and the oldest asthma and allergy patient group in the world."
Sure enough, the rankings have Memphis at No. 1, Knoxville at No. 3 and Chattanooga at No. 5, with New Haven, Conn., at No. 2 and Pittsburgh, Pa., at No. 4. And it was apparently no fluke -- the 2011 rankings had those Tennessee cities ranked Nos. 2-4, though Knoxville was ahead of Memphis last year.
Nashville, it’s worth noting, ranked No. 26 this year after coming in at No. 10 in 2011.
It’s important to note that the AAFA emphasizes the rankings are an attempt to measure which cities "are more challenging places to live" for asthma sufferers, not necessarily just a listing of places with the highest prevalence of people suffering with asthma. The report also notes that air pollution is not the only factor it considers, with a total of 12 data sets that include the number of high-ozone days, pollen counts, medication utilization, poverty rates and public smoking laws.
Alexander wasn’t saying dirty air was the only reason Tennessee cities rank high on a list showing the most challenging cities in the country for asthma, just that the nation’s 17th-largest state placed three of its cities in the top five of those rankings.
We rate that statement True.
Sen. Lamar Alexander’s prepared remarks at congressional field hearing of the House Oversight and Government Reforms Committee in Murfreesboro.
American Commitment website.
Bartholomew Sullivan, "U.S. Senator Lamar Alexander says he’s not anti-coal," in The Commercial Appeal, June 13, 2012.
Asthma Capitals 2012, ranking of 100 cities., by the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America
Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, Asthma Asthma Capitals 2012 website.
Environmental Protection Agency, "Overview of Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990."
Environmental Protection Agency, "Mercury and Air Toxics Standards: Basic Information."
Mayo Clinic website, "Asthma."
Read About Our Process
In a world of wild talk and fake news, help us stand up for the facts.