On a day that ended with President Donald Trump becoming the third U.S. president to be impeached, House Democrats hammered Trump for refusing to comply with their investigation, saying his stonewalling proved he has something to hide.
"(This) was an attempt by Donald J. Trump to aim Ukrainian corruption straight at the heart of the presidential election of 2020," said Rep. Jim Himes of Connecticut, a Democrat on the House Intelligence Committee. "The president knows this, which is why he has not given this Congress a single email, phone record or document."
The truth is clear to anyone not deliberately looking away.— Jim Himes (@jahimes) December 19, 2019
Instead of fighting corruption the President aimed it at the 2020 presidential election.
Today, I answer the call to defend our democracy and the United States Constitution. I will vote to impeach the President. pic.twitter.com/hUzCCkuFrZ
The White House did release summaries of Trump’s April 21 and July 25 phone calls with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.
But when we examined whether the administration transmitted any other records to Congress, we found that it defied the House’s multiple requests and subpoenas for documents.
In a statement to PolitiFact, a White House official said the call readouts are "what matters."
"The White House raised well-recognized presidential privileges in response to these document requests," the official said. "House Democrats chose not to address those privileges, clinging instead to an artificial impeachment deadline on their sham proceeding."
In response, White House Counsel Pat Cipollone sent a letter to Congress saying the executive branch would not be participating in the investigation. At the White House’s direction, several top administration officials also defied subpoenas seeking testimony or documents.
The night before European Union Ambassador Gordon Sondland was expected to testify, for example, his attorneys received a last-minute call from the State Department informing them that the Trump administration would not allow his testimony.
Sondland eventually testified against the White House’s orders and in response to a subpoena, but his recollections in both his private and public testimony were limited because the White House refused to turn over documents and call records.
Nine administration officials defied similar subpoenas from the House.
"The executive branch cannot be expected to, and will not participate in, this exercise of partisan political theater," White House press secretary Stephanie Grisham said in a statement.
The obstruction of Congress article, which the House approved by a 229-198 margin, charges Trump with "directing" the White House and various executive branch agencies "to defy lawful subpoenas and withhold the production of documents."
According to the House Intelligence and Judiciary Committees’ reports, "not a single document" was produced by the White House, the vice president’s office, the Office of Management and Budget, the State Department, the Defense Department or the Energy Department.
In total, those agencies received "71 specific, individualized requests or demands for records," the committees’ reports said.
The House did obtain some documents, such as text messages that former special envoy to Ukraine Kurt Volker exchanged with Sondland and other U.S. and Ukrainian diplomats, that were in witnesses’ "personal possession," according to the Judiciary Committee’s report.
But multiple witnesses testified to the existence of other key White House documents that Congress never received. These materials included:
• Talking points prepared ahead of Trump’s July 25 call with Zelensky by Lt. Col. Alexander Vindman, director for European affairs at the National Security Council.
• A memo prepared by Vindman that former National Security Adviser John Bolton was expected to present to Trump conveying "the consensus views from the entire deputies small group" that "the security assistance be released."
• Call records between Trump and Sondland.
• Notes from NSC legal advisor John Eisenberg detailing his discussions with Vindman about a July 10 meeting with a top Ukrainian official, during which Sondland suggested that investigations could help secure a White House meeting for Zelensky.
• The readout of Trump’s Sept. 25 meeting with Zelensky in New York.
The House Intelligence Committee’s Republican minority report does not dispute that Trump’s White House withheld these and other documents. But it notes that Trump made readouts of his April 21 and July 25 phone calls with Zelensky publicly available, calling them "directly relevant."
Himes spokesman Patrick Malone said the readouts were released in response to public pressure rather than congressional subpoenas. The White House published the July 25 call summary on Sept. 25, days after news of the whistleblower complaint broke and one day after House Speaker Nancy Pelosi launched the House impeachment inquiry.
"They weren’t released to Congress in response to our requests," Malone said. "They were released to the public."
Himes said Trump "has not given this Congress a single email, phone record or document."
The White House told Congress that it would not cooperate with the House’s impeachment inquiry, and all evidence suggests that the White House stood by that pledge.
The White House did, however, release two call readouts. They were not in response to congressional subpoenas as part of the House’s investigation.
We rate Himes’ statement Mostly True.
C-Span, "Articles of Impeachment Debate," Dec. 18, 2019
House Judiciary Committee, "Impeachment of Donald J. Trump President of the United States," Dec. 16, 2019
House Judiciary Committee, Articles of Impeachment against President Donald J. Trump, Dec. 10, 2019
House Intelligence Committee, Transcript of hearing of Alexander Vindman and Jennifer Williams, Nov. 19, 2019
House Intelligence Committee, Transcript of deposition of David Holmes, Nov. 15, 2019
House Intelligence Committee, Transcript of deposition of Tim Morrison, Oct. 31, 2019
House Intelligence Committee, Transcript of deposition of Alexander Vindman, Oct. 29, 2019
The White House, "Statement from the Press Secretary," Oct. 8, 2019
House Foreign Affairs Committee, "Three Chairs Issue Statement on White House Blocking Ambassador Sondland Testimony and Documents," Oct. 8, 2019
U.S. House of Representatives, Letter from Reps. Elijah Cummings, Adam Schiff and Eliot Engel to acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney, Oct. 4, 2019
The New York Times, "Testimony and Evidence Collected in the Trump Impeachment Inquiry," Nov. 26, 2019
PolitiFact, "Read House Republicans' response to impeachment report," Dec. 3, 2019
PolitiFact, "Read the House Intelligence Committee's full impeachment report," Dec. 3, 2019
PolitiFact, "Fact-check: Donald Trump's claim he doesn’t know Gordon Sondland very well," Nov. 20, 2019
PolitiFact, "There was a quid pro quo, Gordon Sondland says in testimony for Trump, Ukraine impeachment inquiry," Nov. 20, 2019
PolitiFact, "Timeline: The Trump impeachment inquiry," Oct. 3, 2019
PolitiFact, "Here's the readout of Donald Trump's call with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky," Sept. 25, 2019
Email interview with Patrick Malone, spokesperson for Rep. Jim Himes, Dec. 18, 2019
Statement from the White House, Dec. 19, 2019
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