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A popular image claims to show a news reporter staging a shot of empty grocery store shelves. But the photo is a hoax from Romania.
The trend of stockpiling groceries started in China after the coronavirus outbreak began. Stores in Europe and the United States have been similarly affected.
There is no evidence here that the media has staged its coverage of the coronavirus outbreak to cause undue panic.
The latest weapon in the arsenal of coronavirus conspiracy theorists: an out-of-context photo from Romania.
A Facebook post published March 4 purports to show an empty row of shelves in a grocery store. According to the photo, a nearby camerawoman staged the scene.
"MSM in my town, pulled down an entire shelf of goods so that they can present the news of people buying stuff in a hysteria over the coronavirus," reads text under the image, which is a screenshot of a tweet that appears to have been deleted. (MSM stands for mainstream media.)
But that’s not what this photo shows.
(Screenshot from Facebook)
We traced the image to a Feb. 27 thread on a Romanian subreddit. (The store signs in the image are written in Romanian.)
"How to produce chaos," reads the title of the thread, which we translated using Google Translate.
Reddit users commented that the news organization pictured in the photo is Antena 1, a TV network in Romania. The logo on the mic in the photo is consistent with that of Observator, a show on Antena 1.
A video news report that Observator uploaded to YouTube on Feb. 26 addresses mounting concerns over the spread of the coronavirus in Romania. The four4-minute piece shows people emptying shelves at grocery stores across the country, where there are four confirmed cases of the virus.
"Fear of coronavirus is emptying major stores," reads the caption. "Bags of flour and corn, dozens of cans and hundreds of liters of water carried from the shelves."
The trend of stockpiling groceries is well-documented and began in Wuhan, China, after the 2019 coronavirus first emerged there in December. As the virus spread, grocery stores across Europe and the United States were similarly affected, as customers rushed to stock up on essentials in the event of long home quarantines.
There is no evidence that Observator or any other media organization has staged footage of empty grocery store shelves to cause coronavirus panic. That conspiracy theory has been echoed on fringe internet platforms like 4chan, where several high-profile conspiracies were created. And the Antena 1 journalist who was implicated in the original hoax has published additional footage to contextualize the image.
The global outbreak of the virus officially known as COVID-19 has infected more than 93,000 people in 76 countries — including 99 confirmed cases in the United States. This is one of the many conspiracy theories and hoaxes that have gained traction online. Another popular conspiracy theory baselessly claims that the media and Democrats are overhyping the threat of the coronavirus to hurt President Donald Trump’s re-election chances.
This Facebook post is part and parcel of that conspiracy. It is inaccurate and makes a ridiculous claim. We rate it Pants on Fire!
Antena 3, "Manipulation against Antena 3, viral photo on Facebook: 'They cleared the shelves to film,'" Feb. 27, 2020
Bloomberg, "Stockpiling Depletes Europe’s Supermarket Shelves on Virus Fears," March 4, 2020
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the U.S., March 5, 2020
Facebook post, March 4, 2020
Instagram post, March 4, 2020
PolitiFact, "Rush Limbaugh is spreading a conspiracy theory about the coronavirus and Trump’s re-election," Feb. 27, 2020
Poynter, "When and how to use 4chan to cover conspiracy theories," Sept. 24, 201
Reddit thread, Feb. 27, 2020
Reuters, "Hoarding in the USA? Coronavirus sparks consumer concerns," Feb. 28, 2020
World Health Organization, Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 44, March 4, 2020
YouTube video from Observator, Feb. 26, 2020
4chan thread, March 2, 2020
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