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New Zealand reported nine new cases on Aug. 17, the day of Trump’s remark. The nation previously went over 100 days without an instance of community spread.
The U.S. leads the world in cumulative COVID-19 cases and deaths and has reported more than 50,000 new cases per day for most of August and July.
Speaking in Minnesota ahead of the Democratic National Convention, President Donald Trump compared the ongoing surge of coronavirus cases in the U.S. to the situation in New Zealand, where the virus returned recently after more than 100 days of no community spread.
"When you look at the rest of the world ... now all the sudden, a lot of the places that they were using to hold up, they’re having a big surge," Trump said Aug. 17 in a speech at an airport in Mankato, Minn. "They were holding up names of countries, and now they’re saying, ‘Whoops.’"
"In fact, even New Zealand. You see what's going on in New Zealand?" the president continued. "They beat it. They beat it. It was like front page, they beat it, because they wanted to show me something. The problem is, big surge in New Zealand. It's terrible. We don't want that."
On Aug. 18, following Trump’s comment, New Zealand reported another 13 new cases.
The new cases in recent days have caused alarm in New Zealand, where strict lockdown policies and travel restrictions aim to put a lid on the virus. The leadership has responded by postponing the country’s election and locking down Auckland, its largest city.
Andrew Noymer, an associate professor of public health at the University of California, Irvine, said it’s a stretch for Trump to say New Zealand had ever "beat" the virus, since the pandemic was raging elsewhere and New Zealand has needed mitigation efforts to keep cases low.
But New Zealand’s new cases are a far cry from the outbreak in the U.S., which has reported more than 50,000 new cases per day for most of August and July, according to the COVID Tracking Project. The seven-day average of new cases in the U.S. was 50,927 on Aug. 17.
"That is the most ridiculous thing I have heard in quite a while," Brooke Nichols, an assistant professor of global health at Boston University, said of Trump’s claim comparing the two nations.
As of Aug. 18, New Zealand’s health ministry had recorded 1,643 confirmed and probable cases in total, along with 22 deaths. There are currently 90 active cases in the country.
The U.S. leads the world in cumulative cases and deaths, by contrast. It has seen nearly 5.5 million cases and more than 171,000 deaths as of Aug. 18. That’s a quarter of the world’s known cases in a country that, with around 330 million people, represents about 4% of the global population.
The disparity is wide even when you adjust for the size of both countries. According to the World Health Organization, the United States has 16,175 confirmed cases for every 1 million people. New Zealand has 268 confirmed cases per million people.
New Zealand’s leaders were quick to dismiss Trump’s suggestion that the "big surge" in their country was something the U.S. would not "want." Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said Trump’s comparison between the two nations was "patently wrong," according to local reports.
New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern gestures during the opening ceremony for Redcliffs School in Christchurch, New Zealand, on June 25, 2020. (AP)
"I don’t think there’s any comparison between New Zealand’s current cluster and the tens of thousands of cases that are being seen daily in the United States," Ardern added Aug. 18.
Nichols, the Boston University professor, agreed. "New Zealand has had a few dozen cases in the last week, the United States has had a few dozen new cases in the last couple of minutes," Nichols said. "I wish we were ‘surging’ like New Zealand is."
The White House and Trump campaign did not respond to our inquiries by deadline.
Trump said: "The problem is, big surge in New Zealand. It's terrible. We don't want that."
New Zealand reported nine new cases on Aug. 17, the day of Trump’s remark. The U.S., by contrast, has frequently reported more than 50,000 cases per day since July.
We rate this statement False.
Donald J. Trump on YouTube, "WATCH: President Trump in Mankato, MN," Aug. 17, 2020
COVID Tracking Project, "US Daily Cases," accessed Aug. 18, 2020
Johns Hopkins University, "COVID-19 Dashboard," accessed Aug. 18, 2020
The World Health Organization, "WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard," accessed Aug. 18, 2020
The Washington Post, "Trump warns of a ‘big surge’ of coronavirus in New Zealand, which had just recorded nine new cases," Aug. 18, 2020
Reuters on YouTube, "New Zealand's Ardern hits back at Trump over COVID-19 'surge,'" Aug. 18, 2020
RNZ, "Donald Trump refers to 'big surge' of Covid-19 in New Zealand," Aug. 18, 2020
SBS News, "Jacinda Ardern hits back at Donald Trump's 'patently wrong' coronavirus claim," Aug. 18, 2020
New Zealand Ministry of Health, "COVID-19 - current cases," accessed Aug. 18, 2020
New Zealand Ministry of Health, "13 new cases of COVID-19," Aug. 18, 2020
New Zealand Ministry of Health, "9 new cases of COVID-19," Aug. 17, 2020
Reuters, "New Zealand's Ardern postpones election as coronavirus flares up," Aug. 16, 2020
New Zealand Ministry of Health, "13 new cases of COVID-19," Aug. 16, 2020
New Zealand Ministry of Health, "7 new cases of COVID-19," Aug. 15, 2020
New Zealand Ministry of Health, "1 new confirmed case of COVID-19," Aug. 12, 2020
BBC News, "Coronavirus: New Zealand marks 100 days without community spread," Aug. 9, 2020
PolitiFact, "Yes, science-led New Zealand currently has no locally transmitted COVID-19 cases," July 10, 2020
Email interview with Brooke Nichols, assistant professor of public health at Boston University’s School of Public Health, Aug. 18, 2020
Email interview with Andrew Noymer, associate professor of population health, disease prevention and public health at the University of California, Irvine, Aug. 18, 2020
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